Chemical Waste pp 337-350 | Cite as

Problems and Accidents

  • H. K. Hatayama

Abstract

This chapter describes many of the common problems encountered in each major step of chemical waste handling from the point of generation to ultimate disposal. It reports on the kinds of accidents which can result from mismanagement of chemical wastes and attempts to show the interrelationships between the various problem areas. Mismanagement of such wastes has resulted in severe contamination of air, water supplies, homes and the environment in general. The major problem areas in the storage phase include; (1) Types of containers used, (2) Segregation of containers, (3) Labeling of containers, and (4) Mixing of wastes. In the collection and treatment step, the problem areas are: (1) Manifesting, (2) Mixing of wastes, (3) “Midnight dumping,” and (4) Small generators. The problem of chemical waste treatment are related primarily to: (1) Characteristics of the waste and (2) Management of the residues and emissions from the treatment processes. Land disposal of chemical wastes has caused numereous problems related to: (1) Rupture of containers, (2) Mixing of chemically incompatible substances, (3) Leaking of toxic substances into groundwater, and (4) Emission of volatile toxic substances upon or after disposal.

Keywords

Migration Toxicity Petroleum Transportation Hydrocarbon 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

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  • H. K. Hatayama

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