Wastewater Renovation in Rapid Infiltration Systems

  • H. Bouwer
Conference paper
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 47)


The ability of vadose zones and aquifers to remove pollutants from low quality water flowing through such media is utilized in rapid-infiltration or soil-aquifer treatment systems. With these systems, partially treated sewage effluent or similar low quality water (processing plant effluent, urban runoff, etc.) is infiltrated into the soil (normally with basins or furrow systems), from where it percolates down to the groundwater. It then moves laterally through the aquifer for some distance before it leaves the aquifer or is collected from the aquifer as “renovated” water. The renovated water can be collected with wells or subsurface drains for reuse or disposal or it can seep naturally into streams or other surface water (Fig. 1). The latter systems are used to minimize pollution of streams or other receiving waters by giving the wastewater soil-aquifer treatment rather than discharging it directly into the surface water.


Total Organic Carbon Fecal Coliform Infiltration Rate Unsaturated Zone Vadose Zone 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

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  • H. Bouwer

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