Advertisement

New Concepts in Pathogenesis and Treatment of Varicocele

  • A. Shafik
Conference paper

Abstract

Varicocele is an established cause of male infertility. Its controversial etiology initiated several investigations into its anatomical, physiological and pathological aspects. A new concept of varicocele pathogenesis and treatment is described here.

Keywords

Spermatic Cord Venous Plexus Venous Hypertension Venous Reflux Ductus Deferens 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Kohler FP (1967) On the etiology of varicocele. J Urol 97:741PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rivington W (1873) Valves in the renal veins. J Anat Physiol Norm Pathol Homme Anim 7:163Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shafik A (1972) Plication operation. A new technique for the radical cure of varicocele. Br J Urol 44:152PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shafik A (1973) Venous plexuses of the spermatic cord. Anatomy and role in varicocele. Urologia 40:419Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shafik A (1973) The cremasteric muscle. Role in varicocelogenesis and in thermoregulatory function of the testicle. Invest Urol 11:92PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shafik A (1973) The dartos muscle. A study of its surgical anatomy and role in varicocelogenesis. A new concept of its thermoregulatory function. Invest Urol 11: 98PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shafik A (1973) Fascial grafting of the spermatic cord. A new operative procedure for the treatment of varicocele. Urologia 40: 530Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Shafik A (1974) Thermoregulatory apparatus of the testicle. A review. Urologia 41:473Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Shafik A (1976) Cremasteric internus muscle. Further study. Urologia 43:25Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shafik A (1977) Anatomy and function of scrotal ligament. Urology 9:651PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shafik A (1977) The cremasteric muscle. In: Johnson AD, Gomes WR (eds) The testis. Academic Press, New York, p 487Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shafik A (1983) Venous tension patterns in cord veins. II. After varicocele correction. J Urol 129:749PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shafik A, Bedeir GAM (1980) Venous tension patterns in cord veins. I. In normal and varicocele individuals. J Urol 123:383PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shafik A, Olfat S (1977) Venous plexuses of the spermatic cord in varicocele. A histopathological study. Urologia 44: 56Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shafik A, Olfat S (1977) Concealed varicocele. A clinicopathological entity. Urologia 44:465Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shafik A, Olfat S (1979) Aligamentous testicle. New clinicopathologic entity in genesis of male infertility and its treatment by orchiopexy. Urology 13:54PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shafik A, Olfat S (1981) Scrotal lipomatosis. Br J Urol 53:50PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Shafik A, Olfat S (1981) Lipectomy in the treatment of scrotal lipomatosis. Br J Urol 53:55PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shafik A, Khalil AM, Saleh M (1972) The fasciomuscular tube of the spermatic cord. A study of its surgical anatomy and relation to varicocele. A new concept for the pathogenesis of varicocele. Br J Urol 44:147PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sisson S, Grossman JD (1968) The anatomy of the domestic animals, 4th edn. Saunders, Philadelphia, p 584Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Shafik

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations