Advertisement

GWAI-83 pp 11-20 | Cite as

Overview on Med1: A Heuristic Diagnostics System with an Efficient Control-Structure

  • Frank Puppe
  • Bernhard Puppe
Part of the Informatik-Fachberichte book series (INFORMATIK, volume 76)

Abstract

MED1 is a fully implemented tool for constructing diagnosis systems especially in the medical area. A model to diagnose diseases provoking chest pain has been completed. It tries to simulate the way physicians diagnose and is capable of explaining every reasoning step.

From other diagnosis systems using the techniques of Artificial Intelligence for representation of heuristic expert knowledge, MED1 differs mainly regarding more flexibility in hypothesis generation, reasoning with uncertainty and deciding the necessity of technical diagnostic procedures.

The comfortable knowledge-acquisition facility enables the expert familiar with the structure of MED1 to communicate his knowledge to the system without knowing anything about LISP.

Keywords

TechnicaL Investigation Joint Conf Diagnosis System Disease Account Forward Rule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature

  1. [Ada 76]
    J.B. Adams A Probability Model of Medical Reasoning and the MYCIN Model Math. Biosciences 32 (1976) 177 – 186MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [Bor 83]
    H.P. Borrmann MODIS - ein Expertensystem zur Erstellung von Reparaturdiag-nosen fuer den Otto-Motor und seine Aggregate Diplomarbeit, Uri Kaiserslautern (1983)Google Scholar
  3. [CGMS 79]
    B. Chandrasekan, F. Gomez, S. Mittel, J. Smith An Approach to Medical Diagnoses based on Conceptual Structures. Proc. 6th Int. Joint Conf. on AI (1979) 134–142Google Scholar
  4. [Mel 79]
    W. van Melle A Domain-independent Production-rule System for Consultation Programs Proc. 6th Int. Joint Conf. on AI (1979) 923 – 925Google Scholar
  5. [MPM 82]
    R. A. Miller, H.E. Pople, J.D. Myers INTERNIST1, an Experimental Computer-Based Diagnostic Consultant for General Internal Medicine New England Journal of Medicine 307 (1982) 468 – 476Google Scholar
  6. [PGKS 76]
    S.G. Pauker, G.A. Gorry, J.P. Kassirer, W.B. Schwartz Towards the Simulation of Clinical Cognition: Taking the Present Illness by Computer Amer. J. Med. 60 (1976) 981 – 996Google Scholar
  7. [Pup 83a]
    F. Puppe MED1 - ein heuristisches Diagnosesystem mit effizienter Kontrollstruktur Diplomarbeit, Kaiserslautern (1983)Google Scholar
  8. [Pup 83b]
    B. Puppe Die Entwicklung des Computereinsatzes in der medinischen Diagnostik und MED1: ein Expertensystem zur Brustschmerzdiagnostik Doktorarbeit, Freiburg (forthcoming)Google Scholar
  9. [Sho 76]
    E. H. Shortliffe Computer-Based Medical Consultations: MYCIN American Elsevier (1976)Google Scholar
  10. [SP 78]
    P. Szolovits, S.G. Pauker Categorical and Probalistic Reasoning in Medical Diagnosis Artificial Intelligence 11 (1978) 115 – 144Google Scholar
  11. [Szo 82]
    P. Szolovits (Editor) Artificial Intelligence in Medicine AAAS Selected Symposium 51 (1982)Google Scholar
  12. [WK 79]
    S.M. Weiss, C.A. Kulikowski EXPERT: a System for Developing Consultation Models Proc. 6th. Int. Joint Conf. on AI (1979) 942 – 948Google Scholar
  13. [WKAS 78]
    S.M. Weiss, C.A. Kulikowski, S. Amarel, A. Safir A Model-Based Method for Computer-Aided Medical Decision Making Artificial Intelligence 11 (1978) 145–172Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank Puppe
    • 1
  • Bernhard Puppe
    • 1
  1. 1.Fachbereich InformatikUniversitaet KaiserslauternKaiserslauternWest Germany

Personalised recommendations