Intramuscular Ketamine: An Alternative Pain Treatment for use in Disasters?
For more than 10 years, reports have been published on the analgesic effects of sub-anesthetic doses of ketamine [2– 6]. Clements et al.  recently tried to relate the analgesic effects of 0.5 mg/kg ketamine i.m. to the pharmacokinetic data. They reported that effective analgesia is present as soon as plasma levels of ketamine increase above the threshold level of 150 ng/ml.
KeywordsPain Relief Analgesic Effect Enfl Urane Deltoid Muscle Emergency Condition
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