Etiology of Carcinoma of the Esophagus

  • Ming Xin Li
  • Shu Jun Cheng


In recent years considerable progress has been made in research into the etiologic factors of esophageal cancer. The most striking feature of the distribution of this cancer is the existence of high-risk areas. These areas are usually rather limited in size with mortality highest at the center and gradually decreasing toward the periphery. During the past decade, some clinicians and researchers have visited or stayed in the high-incidence areas, e.g., along the eastern part of the shore of the Caspian Sea in Iran and in Linxian county and surrounding districts in China, to study the problem at first hand and work collaboratively [1–3]. Through intensive investigation, several environmental and endogenous factors have been incriminated as causative or contributory in the genesis of esophageal carcinoma. We review and discuss some of the results in this chapter.


Esophageal Cancer Natl Cancer Inst Esophageal Cancer Patient Fusarium Moniliforme Human Esophagus 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

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  • Ming Xin Li
  • Shu Jun Cheng

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