Surgeons have striven for over 100 years to achieve curative or palliative results with surgical treatment of carcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia. The first recorded survival after resection of cancer of the esophagus was reported by Czerny in 1887 , the patient being a 51-year-old woman who lived for a year following resection of a tumor in the cervical segment. In 1909 Evans  combined resection of a cervical esophageal carcinoma with pharyngolaryngectomy and the patient lived for 24 years after operation. In 1911 Lane [quoted in 3] related his experience of esophagoplasty with a cervical skin flap following resection of cancer of the cervical esophagus. In 1913 Torek  reported the first successful resection of a carcinoma of the thoracic esophagus and Zaaiger  announced the first successful esophagogastrectomy for carcinoma of the gastric cardia. Ohsawa, in 1932 , reported his experience in resection of cancer of the lower end of the esophagus or gastric cardia via an abdominal approach. In 1938, Marshall  and Adams and Phemister  independently related their successes in resection of carcinoma of the esophagus and intrathoracic esophagogastrostomy in one intervention. Sweet , Garlock , and others further developed this type of operation during the next decade. In 1949, Brewer  employed a combined thoracocervical approach for resection of a carcinoma of the upper esophagus and performed an esophagogastrostomy at the cervical level.
KeywordsCatheter Adenocarcinoma Rubber Noma
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Czerny J (1877) Neue Operationen - Resektion des Oesophagus. Zentralbl Chir 4:433–434Google Scholar
- 4.Torek F (1913) The first successful case of resection of the thoracic portion of the esophagus for carcinoma. Surg Gynecol Obstet 16: 614Google Scholar
- 5.Zaaiger TH (1913) Erfolgreiche transpleurale Resektion eines Kardiakarzinoms. Beitr Klin Chir 83: 419Google Scholar
- 6.Ohsawa T (1933) Esophageal surgery. J Jpn Surg Soc 34:1318Google Scholar
- 7.Marshall SR (1938) Carcinoma of the esophagus. Surg Clinic North Am 18: 643Google Scholar
- 8.Adams WE, Phemister DB (1938) Carcinoma of the lower thoracic esophagus: report of a successful resection and esophagogastrostomy. J Thorac Surg 7 :621–632Google Scholar
- 10.Garlock JH (1944) Re-establishment of esophagogastric continuity following resection of esophagus for carcinoma of middle third. Surg Gynecol Obstet 78:23Google Scholar
- 12.Wu YK, Loucks HH (1941) Surgical treatment of carcinoma of the esophagus. Chin Med J 60:1–33Google Scholar
- 19.Collaborating Group for Research on Esophageal Cancer, Linxian, Henan (1976) Early diagnosis and surgical treatment of esophageal cancer under rural conditions. Chin Med J 2:113–116Google Scholar
- 20.Shao LF, Huang GJ, Zhang DW et al. (1981) Detection and surgical treatment of early esophageal carcinoma. In: Proceedings of Beijing Symposium on Cardiothoracic Surgery, China Academic Publishers, Beijing, pp 168–171Google Scholar
- 21.Pei YH, Zhang YD, Hou J, Du XQ, Fu WX (1982) Natural evolution and follow up study of early esophageal carcinoma (in Chinese) Cancer Res Prev Treat 9:75Google Scholar
- 22.Wu YK, Huang GJ, Chang W (1965) Cancer of the esophagus and gastric cardia (in Chinese) Shanghai Science and Technology Publishers, Shanghai, p 258Google Scholar