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The Epidemiology of Bipolar and Nonbipolar Depression: Rates and Risks

  • M. M. Weissman
  • J. H. Boyd
Part of the Dahlem Workshop Reports Life Sciences Research Report book series (DAHLEM, volume 26)

Abstract

The available English language data on the epidemiology of affective disorders are reviewed. Data on bipolar disorder and nonbipolar major depression are separated. While the nonbipolar group is heterogeneous, this distinction yields some international consistency in rates and risk factors.

Keywords

Bipolar Disorder Affective Disorder Bipolar Depression Manic Episode Bipolar Affective Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. (1).
    Boyd, J. H., and Weissman, M. M. 1981. The epidemiology of affective disorders: A reexamination and future directions. Arch. Gen. Psyhiat.38:1039–1046.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. (2).
    Hirschfeld, R.M., and Cross, C.K. 1982. The epidemiology of affective disorders: Psychosocial risk factors. Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 39:35–46.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. (3).
    Weissman, M. M., and Klerman, G. L. 1978. Epidemiology of mental disorders: Emerging trends in the U.S. Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 35: 705–712.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Tokyo: Springer-Verlag. 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. M. Weissman
    • 1
  • J. H. Boyd
    • 2
  1. 1.Depts. of Psychiatry and EpidemiologyYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Center for Epidemiologic Studies, Division of Biometry and EpidemiologyNational Institute of Mental HealthRockvilleUSA

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