Load Bearing and Soil Loosening Processes

  • Adrianus Jozef Koolen
  • Henderikus Kuipers
Part of the Advanced Series in Agricultural Sciences book series (AGRICULTURAL, volume 13)

Abstract

Soil influenced at a certain moment by a tool or wheel may be assumed to be composed of small volume-elements as demonstrated in Fig. 3.1 for a wheel. Such a volume element should be chosen so small, that there is an even stress distribution on each face, and at the same time the element should be so large that the soil in it may be treated as a continuum. Within such an element the state of stress does not vary from place to place but, in general, the stress state will change with time. Mechanical behavior of such elements was treated in Sections 2.1 – 2.5 as compaction, deformation, breaking, soil-material friction, and adherence, successively. Knowledge of such behavior should be obtained by measurements.

Keywords

Clay Torque Cage Rubber Compaction 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adrianus Jozef Koolen
    • 1
  • Henderikus Kuipers
    • 1
  1. 1.Tillage LaboratoryWageningenThe Netherlands

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