The Use of Staphylococcal Protein A in Diagnostic Virology

  • Douglas D. Richman
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 104)


Staphylococcal protein A (SPA), a protein component of the cell wall of Staphylococcus aureus, binds the Fc portion of many immunoglobulins of most mammalian species. Verwey first described SPA in 1940 as a protein antigen present in type A staphylococci (coagulase-positive, a-toxin-positive, mannitol-fermenting, and pathogenic; i.e., S. aureus), but not in type B staphylococci (those lacking these characteristics). The systematic study of antigen A did not begin in earnest until two decades later (Jensen et al. 1961; Lofkvist and Sjoquist 1963; Grov et al. 1964). Grov and associates proposed the designation “protein A” to avoid confusion with the antigenic polysaccharide A (Grov et al. 1964).


Rubella Virus Immunol Method Staphylococcal Protein Immunoglobulin Molecule Diagnostic Virology 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas D. Richman
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Pathology and MedicineVeterans Administration Medical Center and University of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA

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