Biophysics pp 316-371 | Cite as

Energetic and Statistical Relations

  • Friedrich Dörr
  • Peter Schuster
  • Gernot Renger


A living cell can be considered a physicochemical system. Disregarding its initial development, it exists in a dynamic “steady state” depending on conditions imposed by the environment. Life is bound to a high spatial order of molecular structures, and to a high temporal order, in the sense of a well-defined coordination of physical and chemical processes, such as transport of matter and energy, and sequences of catalyzed reactions. There is no experience suggesting other principles being active in living systems beyond the well-known basic laws of physics: the quantum mechanics of atoms and molecules, and the conservation laws.


Free Energy Respiratory Chain Entropy Production Flavin Adenine Dinucleotide Biological Organism 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Friedrich Dörr
  • Peter Schuster
  • Gernot Renger

There are no affiliations available

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