What is the meaning of “parallism” and “parallel” when applied to processes ? The origin of these terms lies outside the field of computer science. Parallel processes are found in the world for which the computer analysts build application systems or simulation models. The mastery of system complexity is closely related to the concept of parallelism. The scope of a process within a system depends on the level of abstraction from which the system is considered, and the more the processes are independent of one another the more decomposition of a system into parallel processes is useful.
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