The Effect of Soil Nutrient Availability on Community Structure in African Ecosystems

  • R. H. V. Bell
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 42)


To me, one of the most striking features of African ecology is the contrast in community structure between the savannas of East Africa, with their open, fine-leaved woodland, short- to medium-length grasslands, and high densities of generally small herbivores, and those of central Africa, with their closed canopy broad-leaved woodlands, medium to tall grasslands, and low densities of herbivores dominated by elephant and buffalo. This contrast is epitomized by the abrupt transition in north central Tanzania from the grasslands of the Serengeti region to the Brachystegia woodlands of western Tanzania. This paper has grown out of an attempt to account for this contrast.


Rift Valley Large Herbivore Soil Nutrient Availability Okavango Delta Small Herbivore 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1982

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  • R. H. V. Bell

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