Effect of Antibiotics on the Lysis of Staphylococci and Streptococci by Leukocyte Factors, on the Production of Cellular and Extracellular Factors by Streptococci, and on the Solubilization of Cell-Sensitizing Agents from Gram-negative Rods

  • I. Ginsburg
  • M. Lahav
  • S. Bergner-Rabinowitz
  • M. Ferne

Abstract

Although much is known today about the mode of action of antibiotics on microorganisms, relatively little has been done to evaluate the possible collaboration between antibiotics and the host defenses in the containment and elimination of pathogens from host tissues. Since certain antibiotics are known to interfere with the biosynthesis of bacterial cellular and extracellular components, it is conceivable that such modified bacterial cells may be more readily intercepted, killed, and eventually digested by professional phagocytes. On the other hand, certain antibiotics may have adverse effects on mammalian cells by interfering with their normal metabolism and subsequently with their antimicrobial functions. Although the role of bacteriolysis in host and parasite interrelationships has been recognized for over a decade, this field of research has surprisingly been almost totally neglected. The importance of understanding the mechanisms of biodegradation of microbial cells in vivo stems from the recognition that the inability of the enzymes of the host to degrade the rigid cell wall of microorganisms is a contributory factor to the formation of chronic granulomatous responses, and to the destruction of tissues [1, 6, 16, 17, 22, 30]. Thus, any antibiotics which will collaborate with leukocytes or with serum factors in the elimination of bacterial constitutents from infected tissues may greatly contribute to the well-being of the individual.

Keywords

Lipase Penicillin Biodegradation Ampicillin Tetracycline 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Ginsburg
    • 1
  • M. Lahav
    • 1
  • S. Bergner-Rabinowitz
    • 2
  • M. Ferne
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Oral BiologyHebrew University-Hadassah School of Dental Medicine Founded by The Alpha Omega FraternityJerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Streptococcus Reference LaboratoryGovernment Laboratories, Ministry of HealthJerusalemIsrael

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