Advertisement

Abstract

The standard methods for in vivo assessment of morphological pulmonary abnormalities are conventional non-invasive radiographic techniques. In selected cases CT can provide useful additional information and replace invasive examination procedures. Despite limited spatial resolution (1–2 mm) and relatively long scan times (1–5 s), improved detail detectability is obtained by the summation-free representation of transverse sections and increased contrast resolution (0.2–0.5%). Whereas conventional radiography enables the detection of small dense lesions down to 4–5 mm, preferably in central areas of the lung, CT permits the recognition of less dense and still smaller lesions down to 2–3 mm in any part of the lung. The bronchial tree can be evaluated down to the segmental bronchi, abnormal lung vessel distributions can be recognized and a tissue characterization of pulmonary masses (e.g. fat-free soft tissue, fat, fluid, blood, gas inclusions, calcifications), as well as quantitative regional studies of the pulmonary ventilation, can be performed.

Keywords

Pulmonary Fibrosis Pulmonary Nodule Window Width Comput Assist Pulmonar Alveolar Proteinosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Adler O, Rosenberger A (1980) Computed tomography in guiding of fine needle aspiration biopsy of the lung and mediastinum. Fortschr Röntgenstr 133:135–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aronberg DJ, Sagel SS (1981) High CT attenuation value of a benign pulmonary nodule. J Comput Assist Tomogr 5:563–564PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 2.
    Asai N (1979) Studies on the pleural space following pneumectomy (in Japanese). Nippon Kyobu Shikkan Gakkai Zasshi 17:476–482PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 3.
    Ayers WR, Huang HK (1979) The use of computerized tomography in the diagnosis of pulmonary nodules. Comput Tomogr 2:55–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 4.
    Baber CE, Hedlund LW, Oddson TA, Putman CE (1980) Differentiating empyemas and peripheral pulmonary abscesses: the value of computed tomography. Radiology 135:755–758PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 5.
    Berger PE, Kulu JP, Kuhns LR (1980) Computed tomography and the occult tracheobronchial foreign body. Radiology 134:133–135PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 6.
    Berger JL, Shaft MJ (1981) Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis. J Comput Assist Tomogr 5:565–576PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 7.
    Blane CE, Donn SM, Mori KW (1981) Congenital cystic adeno- matoic malformation of the lung. J Comput Assist Tomogr 5:418–420PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 8.
    Bledin A, Bernardino ME, Libshitz HJ (1980) Cardiophrenic angle nodes: an unusual CT finding of advanced metastatic disease. CT 4:193–196PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 9.
    Brown LR, Muhm RM, Sheedy II PF (1981) Computed tomography of the chest. In: Putman CE (ed) Pulmonary diagnosis. Imaging and other techniques. Appleton Century Crofts, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. 10.
    Chang AE, Schaner EG, Conkle DM, Flye MW, Doppman JL, Rosenberg SA (1979) Evaluation of computed tomography in the detection of pulmonary metastases : a prospective study. Cancer 43:913–916PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 11.
    Chevalier PA, Wood EH, Robb RA, Ritman EL (1980) Synchronous volumetric computed tomography for quantitative studies of structural and functional dynamics of the respiratory system. In: Matthys H (ed) Progress in respiration research. Biomedical engineering and data processing in pneumonology. Karger, BaselGoogle Scholar
  13. 12.
    Creagan ET, Frytak S, Pairolero P, Hahn RG, Muhm JR (1979) Surgically proven pulmonary metastases not demonstrated by computed chest tomography. Cancer Treat Rep 62:1404–1405Google Scholar
  14. 13.
    Döhring W (1980) Quantitative analyses of regional pulmonary ventilation using Compton densitometry and computed tomography. In: Matthys H (ed) Progress in respiration research. Biomedical engineering and data processing in pneumonology. Karger, BaselGoogle Scholar
  15. 14.
    Döhring W, Linke G (1979) Die Grundlagen der quantitativen Computer-Tomographie. Fortschr Röntgenstr 130:133–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 15.
    Döhring W, Linke G (1979) Die Anwendung der Computer-Tomographie zur quantitativen Belüftungsanalyse der Lunge. Atemwegs- und Lungenkrankheiten 5:144–152Google Scholar
  17. 16.
    Döhring W, Linke G, Stender HS (1981) CT densitometry of the lung. In: Donner MW, Heuck FHW (eds) Radiology TodayGoogle Scholar
  18. 17.
    Ekholm SE, Albrechtson U, Kugelberg J, Tylén U (1980) Computed tomography in preoperative staging of bronchogenic carcinoma. J Comput Assist Tomogr 4:763–765PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 18.
    Emami B, Melo A, Carter BL, Munzenrider JE, Piro AJ (1978) Value of computed tomography in radiotherapy of lung cancer. Am J Roentgenol 131:63–67Google Scholar
  20. 19.
    Felix R, Wegener OH (1981) Computed tomography in space- occupying lesions in the thoracic area. Eur J Radiol 1:345–347PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 20.
    Foley WD, Lawson TL, Scanlon GT, Heeschen RC, Dibianca F (1979) Digital radiograph of the chest using a computed tomography instrument. Radiology 133:231–234PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 21.
    Fullerton GD, Sewchand W, Payne JT, Levitt SH (1978) CT determination of parameters for inhomogeneity corrections in radiation therapy of the esophagus. Radiology 126:167–171PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 22.
    Galluzzi S, Covielli G, Forzini L, Ferrari F, Stuart C (1980) Farmer’s lung: comparison of the teleradiographic images and computerized tomographic (CT) images (in Italian). Radiol Med (Torino) 65:207–212Google Scholar
  24. 23.
    Godwin JD, Webb WR, Gamsu G, Ovenfors CO (1980) Computed tomography of pulmonary embolism. Am J Roentgenol 135:691–695Google Scholar
  25. 24.
    Grossman ZD, Thomas FD, Gagne G, Mauceri R, Cohen WN, Heitzman ER, Singh A (1979) Transmission computed tomographic diagnosis of experimentally produced acute pulmonary vascular occlusion in the dog. Radiology 131:767–769PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 25.
    Grossman ZD, Gagne G, Zens A, Thomas FD, Chamberlain CC, Singh A, Cohen WN, Heitzman ER (1980) Transmission computed tomography, Tc–99m MAA scintigraphy, and plain chest radiography after experimentally produced acute pulmonary arterial occlusion in the dog. J Nucl Med 20:1251–1256Google Scholar
  27. 26.
    Gur D, Drayer BP, Borovetz HS, Griffith BP, Hardesty RL, Wolfson SK (1979) Dynamic computed tomography of the lung: regional ventilation measurements. J Comput Assist Tomogr 3:749–753PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 27.
    Gur D, Shabason L, Borovitz HS, Hertert DL, Reece GJ, Kennedy WH, Serago C (1981) Regional pulmonary ventilation measurements by xenon enhanced dynamic computed tomography: an update. J Comput Assist Tomogr 5:678–683PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 28.
    Haage JR, Reich NE, Havrilla TR, Alfidi RJ (1978) Computed tomography-guided biopsy. CT 1:25–30Google Scholar
  30. 29.
    Haertel M, Fretz C, Fuchs WA (1980) Zur computertomographischen Diagnostik der Echinokokkose. Fortschr Roentgenstr 133:164–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 30.
    Haertel M, Tillmann U, Fuchs WA (1980) Thorakale Computer-Tomographie. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 104:1610–1612CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 31.
    Hedlund L, Friedman M, Effman E, Outman CE (1981) Lung density measurement by computed tomography. Am Rev Respir Dis 123:245Google Scholar
  33. 32.
    Hedlund LW, Putman CE (1981) Analysis of lung density by computed tomography. In: Putman CE (ed) Pulmonary diagnosis. Imaging and other techniques. Appleton Century Crofts, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  34. 33.
    Heitzman ER (1981) CT of the thorax. Am J Radiol 136:2–12Google Scholar
  35. 34.
    Heitzman ER, Proto AV, Goldwin RL (1979) The role of computerized tomography in the diagnosis of diseases of the thorax. JAMA 241:933–936PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 35.
    Husband JE, Peckham MJ, MacDonald JS, Hendry WF (1979) The role of computed tomography in the management of testicular teratoma. Clin Radiol 30:243–252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 36.
    Isherwood J, Best JJK (1980) The use of computed tomography in lung disease. In: Flenley (ed) Recent advances in respiratory medicine. Churchill Livingstone, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  38. 37.
    Ishida I, Fukuma S, Sawada K, Seki Y, Tanaka F, Tanaka K (1980) Whole lung computed tomography for detection of pulmonary metastasis of osteosarcoma confirmed at thoracotomy (in Japanese). Nippon Kyobo Geka Gakkai Zasshi 28:60–67Google Scholar
  39. 38.
    Jost RG, Sagel SS, Stanley RJ, Levitt RG (1978) Computed tomography of the thorax. Radiology 126:125–136PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 39.
    Kagan AR, Steckel RJ, Bein ME, Holmes EC (1981) Pulmonary mass in a smoker : preoperative imaging for staging of lung cancer. Am J Radiol 136:739–745Google Scholar
  41. 40.
    Katz D, Kreel L (1979) Computed tomography in pulmonary asbestosis. Clin Radiol 30:207–213PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 41.
    Kawakami M, Abe S, Yamaguchi M, Konno K, Takizawa T (1979) Computer tomography of cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis (in Japanese). Nippon Kyobu Shikkan Gakkai Zasshi 17:348–354PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 42.
    Keller MJ, Edwards FM, Rundle R (1981) Automatic outlining of regions on CT scans. J Comput Assist Tomogr 5:240–245PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 43.
    Kirks DR, Korobkin M (1980) Computed tomography for chest examinations in children. Pediatr Ann 9:192–199PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 44.
    Kollins SA (1978) Computed tomography of the pulmonary parenchyma and chest wall. Radiol Clin North Am 15:297–308Google Scholar
  46. 45.
    Kreel L (1976) Computer tomography in the evaluation of pulmonary asbestosis. Preliminary experiences with the EMI general purpose scanner. Acta Radiol [Diagn] (Stockh) 17:405–412Google Scholar
  47. 46.
    Kreel L (1977) The EMI body scanner. An interim clinical evaluation. J Neuroradiol 3:159–182Google Scholar
  48. 47.
    Kreel L (1978) Computed tomography of the lung and pleura. Semin Roentgenol 13:213–225PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 48.
    Kreel L (1979) Computer tomography of the thorax. Radiol Clin North Am 16:575–584Google Scholar
  50. 49.
    Kruglik GD, Wayne KS (1980) Occult lung cavity causing hemoptysis: recognition by computed tomography. J Comput Assist Tomogr 4:407–408PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 50.
    Kuckein D, Dobbelstein D (1980) Bochdaleksche Zwerchfellhernie -ein computertomographischer Beitrag zur roentgenologi- schen Differentialdiagnose eines intrapulmonalen Rundherdes dorsobasal. Fortschr Roentgenstr 131:327–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 51.
    Kuhns LR, Borlaza GS, Seigel RS (1979) Rapid sequence display of computed tomographic images : an aid in the diagnosis of pulmonary metastases. Radiology 132:747–748PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 52.
    Kuhns LR, Borlaza G (1980) The “twinkling star” sign: an aid in differentiating pulmonary vessels from pulmonary nodules on computed tomograms. Radiology 135:763–764PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 53.
    Kutzen B (1980) Computed tomography of the chest. J Maine Med Assoc 71:72–74PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 54.
    Lackner K, Bücheler E, Buurmann R, Felix R, Heuser L, Mödder U, Oeser H, Wegener OH (1979) Diagnostische Möglichkeiten der Computer-Tomographie im Thoraxbereich. Roentgenpraxis 31:229–232Google Scholar
  56. 55.
    Lackner K, Felix R, Oeser H, Wegener OH, Bücheler E, Buurmann R, Heuser L, Mödder U, Thurn P (1978) Erweiterung der Roentgendiagnostik im Thoraxbereich durch die Computer-Tomographie. Radiologe 19:79–89Google Scholar
  57. 56.
    Machida K, Itai Y, Yashiro N, Hurui S, Machida T, Yoshikawa H, Tasaka H (1979) Evaluation of radiographic CT diagnosis of the mediastinum and the lung (in Japanese). Nippon Rinsho 37:43–46PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 57.
    McCook TA, Kirks DR, Merten DE, Osborne DR, Spock A, Pratt PC (1981) Pulmonar alveolar proteinosis in children. Am J Radiol 137:1023–1027Google Scholar
  59. 58.
    McLoud TC, Wittenberg J, Ferrucci JT Jr (1979) Computed tomography of the thorax and standard radiographic evaluation of the chest: a comparative study. J Comput Assist Tomogr 3:170–180PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 59.
    Mintzer RA (1981) Chest imaging-an integrated approach. Williams & Wilkins, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  61. 60.
    Mintzer RA, Malave SR, Neiman HL, Michaelis LL, Vanecko RM, Sanders JH (1979) Computed vs. conventional tomography in evaluation of primary and secondary pulmonary neoplasm. Radiology 132:653–659PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 61.
    Muhm JR (1980) Role of computed tomography in evaluation of intrathoracic lesions. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 79:469–470PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. 62.
    Muhm JR, Brown LR, Crowe JK (1977) Detection of pulmonary nodules by computed tomography. Am J Roentgenol 128:267–270Google Scholar
  64. 63.
    Muhm JR, Brown LR, Crowe JK (1977) Use of computed tomography in the detection of pulmonary nodules. Mayo Clin Proc 52:345–348PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. 64.
    Muhm JR, Brown LR, Crowe JK, Sheedy PF, Hattery RR, Stephens DH (1979) Comparison of whole lung tomography and computed tomography for detecting pulmonary nodules. Am J Roentgenol 131:981–984Google Scholar
  66. 65.
    Müller HA, Van Kaick G, Schaaf J, Lülling H, Vogt-Moykopf J, Delphendahl A (1981) Proäoperatives Staging des Bronchial–carcinoms: Wertigkeit der Computer-Tomographie im Vergleich zur konventionellen Radiologie. Fortschr Röntgenstr 134:601–607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 66.
    Nabawi P, Mantrawadi R, Breyer D, Capetz V (1981) Computed tomography of radiation-induced lung injuries. J Comput Assist Tomogr 5:568–570PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 67.
    Nachman JB, Baum ES, White H, Cruissi FG (1981) Bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis mimicking recurrent metastatic disease in a patient with testicular carcinoma: case report of CT scan appearance. Cancer 47:236–239PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 68.
    Naidich DP, Khouri NF, Scott WW Jr, Wang KP, Siegelman SS (1981) Computed tomography of the pulmonary hila: 1. normal anatomy. J Comput Assist Tomogr 5:459–467PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 69.
    Naidich DP, Khouri NF, Stitik FP, McCauley DJ, Siegelman SS (1981) Computed tomography of the pulmonary hila: 2. abnormal anatomy. J Comput Assist Tomogr 5:468–475PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 70.
    Naidich DP, Stitik FP, Khouri NF, Terry PB, Siegelman SS (1980) Computed tomography of the bronchi. 2. Pathology. J Comput Assist Tomogr 4:754–762PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 71.
    Naidich DP, Terry PB, Stitik FP, Siegelman SS (1980) Computed tomography of the bronchi. 1. Normal anatomy. J Comput Assist Tomogr 4:746–753PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 72.
    Paling MR, Dwyer A (1980) The first rib as the cause of a “pulmonary nodule” on the chest computed tomography. J Comput Assist Tomogr 4:847–848PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 73.
    Pugatch RD, Faling LJ, Robbins AH, Snider GL (1978) Differentiation of pleural and pulmonary lesions using computed tomography. J Comput Assist Tomogr 2:601–606PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 74.
    Raptopoulos V, Schellinger D, Katz S (1978) Computed tomography of solitary pulmonary nodules: experience with scanning times longer than breath-holding. J Comput Assist Tomogr 2:55–60PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 75.
    Raval B, Ahmad D, Mathur P (1979) Alveolar cell carcinoma on CT scanning. The value of the air bronchogram sign. J Can Assoc Radiol 30:64–65PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. 76.
    Ritman EL, Robb RA, Johnson SA, Chevalier PA, Gilbert BK, Greenleaf JF, Sturm RE, Wood EH (1978) Quantitative imaging of the structure and function of the heart, lungs, and circulation. Mayo Clin Proc 53:3–11PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. 77.
    Robbins AH, Pugatch RD, Gerzof SG, Faling LJ, Johnson WC, Sewell DH (1978) Observations on the medical efficiency of computed tomography of the chest and abdomen. Am J Roentgenol 131:15–19Google Scholar
  79. 78.
    Robinson PJ, Kreel L (1979) Pulmonary tissue attenuation with computed tomography : comparison of inspiration and expiration scans. J Comput Assist Tomogr 3:740–748PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. 79.
    Rosenblum LJ, Mauceri RA, Wellenstein DE, Bassano DA, Cohen WN, Heitzman ER (1979) Computed tomography of the lung. Radiology 129:521–524Google Scholar
  81. 80.
    Rosenblum LJ, Mauceri RA, Wellenstein DE, Thomas FD, Bassano DA, Raasch BN, Chamberlain CC, Heitzman ER (1980) Density patterns in the normal lung as determined by computed tomography. Radiology 137:409–416PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. 81.
    Rothman SL, Jaffe CC, Simeone JF (1980) Computerized tomography in the assessment of diseases of the thorax : a critical review. CRC Crit Rev Diagn Imaging 11:57–74Google Scholar
  83. 82.
    Sagel S, Stanley RJ, Evens RG (1976) Early clinical experience with motionless whole-body computed tomography. Radiology 119:321–330PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. 83.
    Schaner EG, Chang AE, Doppman JL, Conkle DM, Flye MW, Rosenberg SA (1978) Comparison of computed and conventional whole lung tomography in detecting pulmonary nodules: a prospective radiologic-pathologic study. Am J Roentgenol 131:51–54Google Scholar
  85. 84.
    Schaner EG, Chang AE, Doppman JL, Conkle DM, Rosenberg SA (1977) Comparison of computed and conventional whole lung tomography in the detection of pulmonary metastases. J Comput Assist Tomogr 1:363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 85.
    Schaner EG, Head GL, Kalman MA, Dunnick NR, Doppman JL (1978) Whole body computed tomography in the diagnosis of abdominal and thoracic malignancy: review of 600 cases. Cancer Treat Rep 61:1537–1560Google Scholar
  87. 86.
    Scheid KF, Lissner J, Blaha H, Gebauer A (1981) Densitometrische Analyse pulmonaler Rundherde im Computer-Tomogramm. Fortschr Röntgenstr 134:357–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 87.
    Scherer U (1977) Möglichkeiten der Computer-Tomographie in der Pneumonologie. Prax Klin Pneumol 31:381–383PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. 88.
    Scholten ET, Kreel L (1977) Distribution of lung metastases in the axial plane. A combined radiological-pathological study. Radiol Clin (Basel) 46:248–265Google Scholar
  90. 89.
    Shevland JE, Chiu LC, Schapiro RL, Young JA, Rossi NP (1979) The role of conventional tomography and computed tomography in assessing the respectability of primary lung cancer: a preliminary report. CT 2:1–19Google Scholar
  91. 90.
    Siegelman SS (1979) Computed tomography. In: Siegelman SS, Stitik FP, Summer WR (eds) Pulmonary system: practical approaches to pulmonary diagnosis. Grune & Stratton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  92. 91.
    Siegelman SS, Zerhouni EA, Leo FP, Khouri NF, Stitik FP (1980) CT of the pulmonary nodule. Am J Roentgenol 135:1–13Google Scholar
  93. 92.
    Sinner WN (1978) Computed tomographic patterns of pulmonary thromboembolism and infarction. J Comput Assist Tomogr 2:395–399PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 93.
    Sinner WN (1981) Computed tomography of “pleuroma”-a cancer-mimicking atelectatic pseudotumor of the lung. Eur J Radiol 1:266–269PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. 94.
    Soila P (1978) Computed tomography (CT) in chest examinations. Scand J Respir Dis [Suppl] 102:181–183Google Scholar
  96. 95.
    Solomon A, Kreel L, McNicol M, Johnson N (1979) Computed tomography in pulmonary sarcoidosis. J Comput Assist Tomogr 3:754–758PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. 96.
    Stiris MG, Brothwik R (1981) Computed tomography (CT) evaluation in pulmonary sarcoidosis. Eur J Radiol 1:16–19PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. 97.
    Takayama M, Katsuyama N, Kawakami K, Tada S (1980) Comparison of computed tomography with radionuclide tomography in chest diagnosis (in Japanese). Kaku Igaku 16:695–705Google Scholar
  99. 98.
    Tsubota N, Ohyama T, Kubota H, Shirakawa M, Yoshie T, Okamoto M, Arao M (1980) Computed tomography of the chest in surgical case (in Japanese). Kyobu Geka 32:736–742Google Scholar
  100. 99.
    Underwood GH Jr, Hooper RG, Axelbaum SP, Goodwin DW (1979) Computed tomographic scanning of the thorax in the staging of bronchogenic carcinoma. N Engl Med J 300:777–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 100.
    Utell MJ, Wandtke JC, Fahey PJ, Baker A, Fischer HW, Hyde RW (1979) Lung weight in normal and edematous dogs by computerized tomography (abstr). Fed Proc 38:1326Google Scholar
  102. 101.
    Vock P, Haertel M (1981) Die Computer-Tomographie zur Stadieneinteilung des Bronchuscarcinoms. Fortschr Röntgenstr 134:131–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 102.
    Webb WR, Gamsu G, Glazer G (1981) Computed tomography of the abnormal pulmonary hilum. J Comput Assist Tomogr 5:485–490PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 103.
    Webb WR, Glazer G, Gamsu G (1981) Computed tomography of the normal pulmonary hilum. J Comput Assist Tomogr 5:476–484PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 104.
    Wegener OH (1979) Die Dichtebestimmung des Lungengewebes mittels Computer-Tomographie. Habilitationsschrift, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  106. 105.
    Wegener OH, Koeppe P, Oeser H (1978) Measurement of lung density by computed tomography. J Comput Assist Tomogr 2:263–273PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 106.
    Wegener OH, Koeppe P, Oeser H (1979) Lung density measurements by computed tomography. In: Gerhardt P, Van Kaick G (eds) Total body computerized tomography. Thieme, Stuttgart, pp 32–39Google Scholar
  108. 107.
    Williams TJ, Raval B, Ahmad D (1980) Progressive massive fibrosis developing after brief coal dust exposure: evaluation with CT scanning and radionuclide angiocardiography. JOM 22:21–24PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 108.
    Wright PH, Hanson A, Kreel L, Capel LH (1980) Respiratory function changes after asbestosis pleurisy. Thorax 35:31–36PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 109.
    Zaunbauer W, Robotti GC, Probst P, Haertel M, Schöpf R (1981) Zur Computer-Tomographie der Lungenaplasie. Fortschr Röntgenstr 135:682–685CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Döhring

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations