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Volume Regulation of Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion

Conference paper
Part of the Current Topics in Neuroendocrinology book series (CT NEUROENDOCRI, volume 4)

Abstract

In simplest terms, the volume of fluid in the body of the mammalian organism depends on the balance between the amount of water ingested or metabolically produced and the amount lost from the body by respiratory, excretory, or cooling processes. With regard to loss of body water, there is little doubt that the major homeostatic regulation is effected by the action of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH) on the kidneys. This neurohypophysial hormone, which in most mammals is arginine vasopressin (AVP), reduces urinary water loss by causing renal reabsorption of free water from the glomerular filtrate. If one needs convincing of the importance of ADH for maintaining body fluid volume, one need go no further than observing the spectacular output of urine by an individual or animal afflicted with hypothalamic diabetes insipidus and the subsequent decline of urine flow when ADH is administered. Indeed, the fascination with which earlier physicians and investigators viewed this disorder was almost certainly the major impetus leading to the genesis of this field of physiology in the early years of this century (Frank 1910; Farini 1913; von den Velden 1913).

Keywords

Lower Body Negative Pressure Vasopressin Release Plasma Vasopressin Intracarotid Infusion Antidiuretic Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Howard Florey Institute of Experimental Physiology and MedicineUniversity of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

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