Volume Regulation of Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion

Conference paper
Part of the Current Topics in Neuroendocrinology book series (CT NEUROENDOCRI, volume 4)


In simplest terms, the volume of fluid in the body of the mammalian organism depends on the balance between the amount of water ingested or metabolically produced and the amount lost from the body by respiratory, excretory, or cooling processes. With regard to loss of body water, there is little doubt that the major homeostatic regulation is effected by the action of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH) on the kidneys. This neurohypophysial hormone, which in most mammals is arginine vasopressin (AVP), reduces urinary water loss by causing renal reabsorption of free water from the glomerular filtrate. If one needs convincing of the importance of ADH for maintaining body fluid volume, one need go no further than observing the spectacular output of urine by an individual or animal afflicted with hypothalamic diabetes insipidus and the subsequent decline of urine flow when ADH is administered. Indeed, the fascination with which earlier physicians and investigators viewed this disorder was almost certainly the major impetus leading to the genesis of this field of physiology in the early years of this century (Frank 1910; Farini 1913; von den Velden 1913).


Lower Body Negative Pressure Vasopressin Release Plasma Vasopressin Intracarotid Infusion Antidiuretic Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abrahams VC, Koelle GB, Smart P (1957) Histochemical demonstration of Cholinesterase in the hypothalamus of the dog. J Physiol (Lond) 139: 137–144Google Scholar
  2. Adachi A, Niijima A, Jacobs HL (1976) An hepatic osmoreceptor mechanism in the rat: electrophysiological and behavioral studies. Am J Physiol 231: 1043–1049PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Anderson RG, Cadnapaphornchai P, Harbottle JA, McDonald KM, Schrier KW (1974) Mechanism of effect of thoracic inferior vena cava constriction on renal water excretion. J Clin Invest 54: 1473–1479PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Andersson B (1977) Regulation of body fluids. Ann Rev Physiol 39: 185–200Google Scholar
  5. Andersson B (1978) Regulation of water intake. Physiol Rev 58: 582–603PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Andersson B, Olsson K, Warner RG (1967) Dissimilarities between the central control of thirst and the release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). Acta Physiol Scand 64: 407–417Google Scholar
  7. Andersson B, Leksell L, Lishajko F (1975) Perturbations in fluid balance induced by medially placed forebrain lesions. Brain Res 99: 262–275Google Scholar
  8. Andersson B, Leksell LG, Lishajko F, Rundgren M (1975) Cerebral sodium-noradrenaline interaction: dipsogenic, antidiuretic and natriuretic effects. Acta Physiol Scand 102: 254–256Google Scholar
  9. Arieff AI, Guisado R (1976) Effects on the central nervous system of hypernatremic and hyponatremic states. Kidney Int 10: 104–116PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Arnauld EP, Czernichow F, Fumoux F, Vincent JD (1977) The effects of hypotension and hypovolaemia on the liberation of vasopressin during haemorrhage in the unanesthetized monkey (Macaca mulatta). Pfluegers Arch 371: 193–200Google Scholar
  11. Baertschi AJ, Vallet PG (1981) Osmosensitivity of the hepatic portal vein area and vasopressin release in rats. J Physiol (Lond) 315: 217–230Google Scholar
  12. Baldwin BA, Bell FR (1963) The anatomy of the central circulation of the sheep and the ox. The dynamic distribution of the blood supplied by the carotid and vertebral arteries to cranial regions. J Anat (Lond) 97: 203–215Google Scholar
  13. Bayliss PH, DeBeer FC (1981) Human plasma vasopressin response to potent loop-diuretic drugs. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 20: 343–346Google Scholar
  14. Bayliss PH, Heath DA (1977) Influence of presyncope and postural change upon plasma arginine vasopressin concentration in hydrated and dehydrated man. Clin Endocrinol 7: 79–83Google Scholar
  15. Bayliss PH, Robertson GL (1980) Plasma vasopressin response to hypertonic saline infusion to assess posterior pituitary function. J R Soc Med 73: 255–260Google Scholar
  16. Bayliss PH, Stockley RA, Heath DA (1978) Influence of lower body negative pressure upon arginine vasopressin release. Clin Endocrinol 9: 89–95Google Scholar
  17. Beal AM, Bligh J (1980) Diuretic effect of intraventricular and intravenous infusion of noradrenaline in conscious sheep. Q J Exp Physiol 65: 321–333Google Scholar
  18. Beardwell CG (1971) Radioimmunoassay of arginine vasopressin in human plasma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 33: 254–260PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Bell RJ, Congiu M, Hardy KJ, Wintour EM (1984) Gestation-dependent aspects of the response of the ovine fetus to the osmotic stress induced by maternal water deprivation. Q J Exp Physiol 69: 108–112Google Scholar
  20. Berl T, Cadnapaphornchai P, Harbottle J A, Schrier RW (1974) Mechanism of suppression of vasopressin during alpha-adrenergic stimulation with norepinephrine. J Clin Invest 53: 219–227PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Bhargava KP, Kulshrestha VK, Skrivastava YP (1972) Central cholinergic and adrenergic mechanisms in the release of antidiuretic hormone. Br J Pharmacol 44: 617–627PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Bhargava KP, Kulshrestha VK, Santhakumari G, Srivastava YP (1973) Mechanism of his-tamine-induced antidiuretic response. Br J Pharmacol 47: 700–706PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Bie P (1976) Studies of cerebral osmoreceptors in anesthetized dogs: the effect of intravenous and intracarotid infusion of hyper-osmolar sodium chloride solutions during sustained water diuresis. Acta Physiol Scand 96: 306–318PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Bie P (1980) Osmoreceptors, vasopressin and control of renal water excretion. Physiol Rev 60: 961–1048PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Bie P, Peterson TV, Share L, Gilmore JP (1982) Osmotic control of plasma vasopressin in anesthetized dogs. Acta Physiol Scand 114: 37–43PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Billman GE, Keyl MJ, Dickey DT, Kem DC, Keil LC, Stone HL (1983) Hormonal and renal response to plasma volume expansion in the primate Macaca mulatta. Am J Physiol 244: H201 - H205PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Blaine EH, Denton DA, McKinley MJ, Weller S (1975) A central osmosensitive receptor for renal sodium excretion. J Physiol (Lond) 244: 497–509Google Scholar
  28. Blair-West JR, Bobik A, Brook AH, Esler MD, Gibson A, Morris M, McKinley MJ, Pullan PT (1980) Renin ADH and the kidney: a congeries of conundrums. Prog Biochem Pharmacol 17: 20–28PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Blessing WW, Sved AF, Reis DJ (1982) Destruction of noradrenergic neurons in rabbit brain stem elevates plasma vasopressin, causing hypertension. Science 217: 661–663PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Bonjour JP, Malvin RL (1970) Stimulation of ADH release by the renin-angiotensin system. Am J Physiol 218: 1555–1559PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Brennan LA Jr, Malvin RL, Jochim KE, Roberts DE (1971) Influence of right and left atrial receptors on plasma concentrations of ADH and renin. Am J Physiol 221:273–278PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Bridges TE, Thorn NA (1970) The effect of autonomic blocking agents on vasopressin release in vivo induced by osmoreceptor stimulation. J Endocrinol 48: 265–276PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Bridges TE, Hillhouse EM, Jones MT (1976) The effect of dopamine on neurohypophysial hormone release in vivo and from the rat neural lobe and hypothalamus in vitro. J Physiol (Lond) 260: 647–666Google Scholar
  34. Brooks VL, Malvin RL (1979) An intracerebral, physiological role for angiotensin: effects of central blockade. Fed Proc 38: 2272–2275PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Brooks C, Koizumi K, Zeballos GA (1966) A study of factors controlling activity of neurons within the paraventricular, supraoptic and ventromedian nuclei of the hypothalamus. Acta Physiol Lat Am 16: 83–96PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Brownstein MS, Russell JT, Gainer H (1980) Synthesis, transport and release of posterior pituitary hormones. Science 207: 373–378PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Buggy J, Johnson AK (1977) Preoptic-hypothalamic periventricular lesions: thirst deficits and hypernatremia. Am J Physiol 233: R44–R52PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Buggy J, Hoffman WE, Phillips MI, Fisher AE, Johnson AK (1979) Osmosensitivity of rat third ventricle and interactions with angiotensin. Am J Physiol 236: R75–R82PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Caillens H, Pruszcynski W, Meyrier A, Ang K, Rousselet F, Ardaillou R (1980) Relationship between change in volemia at constant osmolality and plasma antidiuretic hormone. Miner Electrolyte Metab 4: 161–171Google Scholar
  40. Claybaugh JR, Share L, Shimizu K (1972) The inability of infusions of angiotensin to elevate the plasma vasopressin concentration in the anesthetized dog. Endocrinology 90: 1647–1652PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Cornish KG, Gilmore JP (1982) Increased left atrial pressure does not alter renal function in the conscious primate. Am J Physiol 243: R119–R124PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Davies R, Slater JDH, Forsling ML, Payne N (1976) The response of arginine vasopressin and plasma renin to postural change in normal man with observations on syncope. Clin Sci Mol Med 51: 267–274PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Dennhardt R, Ohm WW, Haberich FJ (1971) Die Ausschaltung der Leberäste des N. vagus an der wachen Ratte und ihr Einfluß auf die hepatogene Diurese - indirekter Beweis für die afferente Leitung der Leber-Osmoreceptoren über den N. vagus. Pfluegers Arch 328: 561–56Google Scholar
  44. De Torrente A, Robertson GL, McDonald KM, Schrier RW (1975) Mechanism of diuretic response to increased left atrial pressure in the anesthetized dog. Kidney Int 8:355– 361PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Dietz JR, Bie P, Gilmore JP, Share L, Zucker IH (1982) The relation between carotid solute concentration and renal water excretion in conscious dogs. Acta Physiol Scand 114:45– 51PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Dunn FL, Brennan IJ, Nelson AE, Robertson GL (1973) The role of blood osmolality and volume in regulating vasopressin secretion in the rat. J Clin Invest 52: 3212–3219PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Eggena P, Thorn NA (1970) Vasopressin release from the rat supraoptico-neurohypo- physial system in vitro in response to hypertonicity and acetylcholine. Acta Endocrinol 65: 442–452PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Epstein M, Preston S, Weitzman RE (1981) Isoosmotic central blood volume expansion suppresses plasma arginine vasopressin in normal man. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 52: 256–262PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Eriksson L (1974) Effect of lowered CSF sodium concentration on the central control of fluid balance. Acta Physiol Scand 91: 61–68PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Eriksson L, Fernandez O, Olsson K (1971) Differences in the antidiuretic response to intracarotid infusions of various hypertonic solutions in the conscious goat. Acta Physiol Scand 83: 554–562PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Farini A (1913) Hypophyseal apotherapy in diabetes insipidus. Br Med J Nov 29: 76 [Abstr]Google Scholar
  52. Fater DC, Schultz HD, Sundet WD, Mapes JS, Goetz KL (1982) Effects of left atrial stretch in cardiac-denervated and intact conscious dogs. Am J Physiol 242:H1056–H1064Google Scholar
  53. Feldberg W, Rocha e Silva M (1978 a) GAB A and glycine inhibit vasopressin release to carotid occlusion. J Physiol (Lond) 289: 43P–44PGoogle Scholar
  54. Feldberg W, Rocha e Silva M (1978 b) Vasopressin release produced in anaesthetized cats by antagonists of gamma-aminobutyric acid and glycine. Br J Pharmacol 62: 99–106PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Feldberg W, Rocha e Silva M (1981) Inhibition of vasopressin release to carotid occlusion by gamma-aminobutyric acid and glycine. Br J Pharmacol 72: 17–24PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Fitzsimons JT (1980) Angiotensin stimulation of the central nervous system. Rev Physiol Biochem Pharmacol 87: 117–167PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Forsling ML (1977) Antidiuretic hormone. Annual research reviews vol 2. Churchill Livingstone, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  58. Forsling ML, Ingram DL, Stanier MW (1976) Effects of various ambient temperatures and of heating and cooling the hypothalamus and cervical spinal cord on antidiuretic hormone secretion and urinary osmolality in pigs. J Physiol (Lond) 257: 673–686Google Scholar
  59. Frank E (1910) Über Diabetes Insipidus als Zeichen gesteigerter Funktion des Hinterlappens der Hypophysis. Berlin Klin Wochenschr 47: 1257Google Scholar
  60. Fumoux F, Czernichow P, Arnauld E, DuPont J, Vincent JD (1978) Effect of hypertension induced by sodium nitrocyanoferrate (111) on the release of arginine-vasopressin in the unanaesthetized monkey. J Endocrinol 78: 449–450PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Fyhrquist F, Eriksson L, Wallenius M (1979) Plasma vasopressin in conscious goats after cerebroventricular infusions of angiotensin, sodium chloride and fructose. Endocrinology 104: 1091–1095PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Ganten D, Marquez-Julio A, Granger P, Hayduk K, Karsunsky KP, Boucher R, Genest J (1971) Renin in dog brain. Am J Physiol 221: 1733–1737PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Ganten D, Hutchinson JS, Schelling P, Ganten U, Fischer M (1976) The iso-renin-angio-tensin systems in extrarenal tissue. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 3: 103–126PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Gauer OH (1968) Osmocontrol versus volume control. Fed Proc 27: 1132–1136PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Gauer OH (1980) Control neuro-endocrinien du volume plasmatique. J Physiol (Paris) 76: 373–379Google Scholar
  66. Gauer OH (1963) Circulatory basis of fluid volume control. Physiol Rev 43: 423–481PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Gauer OH, Henry JP (1976) Neurohormonal control of plasma volume. In: Guyton AC, Cowley AW (eds) Cardiovascular Physiology II. University Park, Baltimore, pp 145– 190 (International review of physiology, vol 9 )Google Scholar
  68. Gauer OH, Henry JP, Sieker HO, Wendt WE (1954) The effect of negative pressure breathing on urine flow. J Clin Inv 33: 287–296Google Scholar
  69. Gilmore JP, Zucker IH (1978 a) Failure of left atrial distension to alter renal function in the nonhuman primate. Circ Res 42: 267–270PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Gilmore JP, Zucker IH (1978 b) Contribution of vagal pathways to the renal responses of head-out immersion in the nonhuman primate. Circ Res 42: 263–267PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Gilmore JP, Zucker IH, Ellington MJ, Richards MA, Share L (1980) Failure of acute intravascular volume expansion to alter plasma vasopressin in the nonhuman primate Macaca fascicularis. Endocrinology 106: 979–982PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Glasby MA, Ramsay DJ (1974) Hepatic osmoreceptors? J Physiol (Lond) 243: 765–776Google Scholar
  73. Goetz KL, Bond GC, Smith WE (1974) Effect of moderate hemorrhage in humans on plasma ADH and renin. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 145: 277–280PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Goetz KL, Bond GC, Bloxham DD (1975) Atrial receptors and renal function. Physiol Rev 55: 157–205PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. Goldsmith SR, Francis GS, Cowley AW, Cohn JN (1982) Response of vasopressin and norepinephrine to lower body negative pressure in humans. Am J Physiol 243:H970–H973Google Scholar
  76. Gottschalk CW (1964) Osmotic concentration and dilution of the urine. Am J Med 36:670–685PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Grossman A, Besser GM, Milles JJ, Baylis PH (1980) Inhibition of vasopressin release in man by an opiate peptide. Lancet 2: 1108–1110PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Haberich FJ (1968) Osmoreception in the portal circulation. Fed Proc 27: 1137–1141PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. Haberich FJ (1971) Osmoreceptors in the portal circulation and their significance for the regulation of water balance. Triangle 10: 123–130PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Haller EW, Wakerley JB (1980) Electrophysiological studies of paraventricular and supraoptic neurons recorded in vitro from slices of rat hypothalamus. J Physiol (Lond) 302: 347–362Google Scholar
  81. Hammer M, Engell HC (1982) Episodal secretion of vasopressin in man. Acta Endocrinol 101: 517–523PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. Hammer M, Olgaard K, Madsen S (1980) The inability of All infusions to raise plasma vasopressin levels in haemodialysis patients. Acta Endocrinol 95: 422–426PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Harris MC (1979) Responses of supraoptic neurones to chemoreceptor and baroreceptor stimulation in rats. J Physiol (Lond) 287: 25P–26PGoogle Scholar
  84. Hatzikostas S, Denton DA, McKinley MJ, Weisinger RS (1980) Central cholinergic receptors and antidiuresis due to hypertonicity in sheep. Neuroendocrinology 30: 275–279PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. Hayward JN, Baker MA (1968) Diuretic and thermoregulatory responses to preoptic cooling in the monkey. Am J Physiol 214: 843–850PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Hayward JN, Jennings DP (1973) Osmosensitivity of hypothalamic magnocellular neuroendocrine cells to intracarotid hypertonic D-glucose in the waking monkey. Brain Res 57: 467–472PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Henry JP, Gauer OH (1951) Certain haemodynamic factors concerned with control of blood volume. Fed Proc 10: 62Google Scholar
  88. Henry JP, Gauer OH, Reeves JL (1956) Evidence of the atrial location of receptors influencing urine flow. Circ Res 4: 85–90PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. Hisada S, Fusimoto S, Kamiya T, Endo Y, Tsushima H (1977) Antidiuresis of centrally administered amines and peptides and release of antidiuretic hormone from isolated rat neurohypophysis. Japan J Pharmacol 27: 153–161Google Scholar
  90. Hökfelt T, Elde T, Fuxe K, Johansson O, Ljundahl A, Goldstein M, Luft R, Efendic S, Nilsson G, Terenius L, Ganten D, Jeffcoate SL, Rehfeld J, Said S, Perez de la Mora M, Possani L, Tapia R, Teran L, Palacios R (1978) Aminergic and peptidergic pathways in the nervous system with special reference to the hypothalamus. In: Reichlin S, Baldessavini RJ, Martin JB (eds) The hypothalamus. Raven, New York, pp 69–135Google Scholar
  91. Hoffman WE, Schmid PG (1978 a) Cardiovascular and antidiuretic effects of central histamine. Life Sci 22: 1709–1714PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. Hoffman WE, Schmid PG (1978 b) Separation of pressor and antidiuretic effects of intraventricular bradykinin. Neuropharmacology 17: 999–1002PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Hoffman WE, Schmid PG (1979) Cardiovascular and antidiuretic effects of central prostaglandin E2. J Physiol (Lond) 288: 159–169Google Scholar
  94. Ishikawa S, Saito T, Yoshida S (1980) Effects of glucose and sodium chloride on the release of vasopressin in response to angiotensin II from the guinea pig hypothalamo-neuro- hypophysial complex in organ culture. Neuroendocrinology 31: 365–368PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Ishikawa S, Saito T, Yoshida S (1981) The effect of prostaglandins on the release of arginine vasopressin from the guinea pig hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal complex in organ culture. Endocrinology 108: 193–198PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Jewell PA, Verney EB (1957) An experimental attempt to determine the site of the neuro-hypophysial osmoreceptors in the dog. Philos Trans R Soc London Ser B 240:197– 324Google Scholar
  97. Johnson AK, Buggy J (1978) Periventricular preoptic hypothalamus is vital for thirst and normal water economy. Am J Physiol 234: R122–R129Google Scholar
  98. Johnson J A, Moore WW, Segar WE (1969) Small changes in left atrial pressure and plasma antidiuretic hormone titers in dogs. Am J Physiol 217: 210–214PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Johnson J A, Zehr JE, Moore WW (1970) Effects of separate and concurrent osmotic and volume stimuli on plasma ADH in sheep. Am J Physiol 218: 1273–1280PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. Kannan H, Yagi K (1978) Supraoptic neurosecretory neurons: evidence for the existence of converging inputs both from carotid baroreceptors and osmoreceptors. Brain Res 145: 385–390PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. Kappagoda CT, Linden RJ, Snow HM, Whitaker EM (1975) Effect of destruction of the posterior pituitary on the diuresis from left atrial receptors. J Physiol (Lond) 244:757– 770Google Scholar
  102. Kappagoda CT, Linden RJ, Sreehan N (1979) The role of renal nerves in the diuresis and natriuresis caused by stimulation of atrial receptors. J Physiol 287: 17P - 18DPubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. Kasting NW, Veale WL, Cooper KE (1982) Vasopressin: a homeostatic effector in the febrile process. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 6: 215–222PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Keil LC, Summy-Long J, Severs WB (1975) Release of vasopressin by angiotensin II. Endocrinology 96: 1063–1065PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. Kilcoyne MM, Hoffman DL, Zimmerman EA (1980) Immunocytochemical localization of angiotensin II and vasopressin in rat hypothalamus: evidence for production in the same neuron. Clin Sci 59: 575–605Google Scholar
  106. Kimura T, Minai K, Matsui K, Mouri T, Sato T, Yoshinaga K, Hoshi T (1976) Effect of various states of hydration on plasma ADH and renin in man. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 42: 79–87PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Kimura T, Share L, Wang BC, Crofton JT (1981) The role of central adrenoreceptors in the control of vasopressin release and blood pressure. Circ Res 42: 263–267Google Scholar
  108. Kinney MJ, DiScala VA (1972) Renal clearance studies of effect of left atrial distension in the dog. Am J Physiol 22: 1000–1003Google Scholar
  109. Klisiecki A, Pickford M, Rothschild P, Verney EB (1933) The absorption and excretion of water by the mammal. Proc R Soc Lond Ser B 112: 496–521Google Scholar
  110. Koizumi K, Yamashita H (1978) Influence of atrial stretch receptors on hypothalamic neurosecretory neurones. J Physiol (Lond) 285: 341–358Google Scholar
  111. Koizuma K, Ishikawa T, Brooks CMcC (1964) Control of activity of neurons in the supraoptic nucleus. J Neurophysiol 27: 878–892Google Scholar
  112. Kuhn ER (1974) Cholinergic and adrenergic release mechanisms for vasopressin in the male rat: a study with injections of neurotransmitters and blocking agents into the third ventricle. Neuroendocrinology 16: 255–264PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. Land H, Schütz G, Schmale H, Richter D (1982) Nucleotide sequence of cloned cDNA encoding bovine arginine vasopressin neurophysin II precursor. Nature 295: 299–303PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. Larsson B, Olsson K, Fyhrquist F (1978) Vasopressin release induced by haemorrhage in the goat. Acta Physiol Scand 104: 309–317PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. Laycock JF, Penn W, Shirley DG, Walter SJ (1979) The role of vasopressin in blood pressure regulation immediately following acute haemorrhage in the rat. J Physiol (Lond) 296: 267–275Google Scholar
  116. Leake RD, Weitzman RE, Effros RM, Siegal SR, Fisher DA (1979) Maternal fetal osmolar homeostasis: fetal posterior pituitary autonomy. Pediatr Res 13: 841–844PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. Ledsome JR, Mason JM (1972) The effect of vasopressin on the diuretic response to left atrial distension. J Physiol (Lond) 221: 427–440Google Scholar
  118. Leksell LG (1978) Effects on fluid balance induced by non-febrile intracerebroventricular infusions of PGE2, PGF, and arachidonic acid in the goat. Acta Physiol Scand 104: 225–231PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Leksell LG, Lishajko F, Rundgren M (1976) Negative water balance induced by intracerebro ventricular infusion of deuterium. Acta Physiol Scand 97: 142–144PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Leksell LG, Congiu M, Denton DA, Fei DTW, McKinley MJ, Tarjan E, Weisinger RS (1981) Influence of mannitol-induced reduction in CSF Na on nervous and endocrine mechanisms involved in the control of fluid balance. Acta Physiol Scand 112: 33–40PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Leng G (1980) Rat supraoptic neurons: the effects of locally applied hypertonic saline. J Physiol (Lond) 304: 405–414Google Scholar
  122. Leng G, Mason WT, Dyer RG (1982) The supraoptic nucleus as an osmoreceptor. Neuroendocrinology 34: 75–82PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Leusen I, Lacroix E (1961) Changes in osmolarity in the cerebral ventricles and diuresis. Endocrinology 68: 719–721PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. Lightman SL, Forsling ML (1980) The effect of the methionine enkephalin analogue DAMME on the vasopressin response to tilt in man. Clin Sci 59: 501–503PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Loewy AD (1981) Descending pathways to sympathetic and parasympathetic preganglionic neurons. J Auton Nerv Syst 3: 265–276PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. Lydtin H, Hamilton W (1964) Effect of acute changes in left atrial pressure on urine flow in unanaesthetized dogs. Am J Physiol 207: 530–536PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Macfarlane WV, Howard B (1972) Comparative water and energy economy of wild and domestic mammals. In: Maloiy GMO (ed) Comparative physiology of desert animals. Academic, London, pp 261–296Google Scholar
  128. Malayan SA, Reid IA (1976) Antidiuresis produced by injection of renin into the third cerebral ventricle of the dog. Endocrinology 92: 329 — 335Google Scholar
  129. Malmo RB, Malmo HP (1979) Responses of lateral preoptic neurons in the rat to hypertonic sucrose and NaCl. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 46: 401–408PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. Malvin RL (1979) Carnivores. In: Maloiy GMO (ed) Comparative physiology and osmoregulation in animals. Academic, London, pp 145–184Google Scholar
  131. McKinley MJ, Denton DA, Weisinger RS (1978) Sensors for antidiuresis and thirst - osmoreceptors or CSF sodium detectors? Brain Res 141: 89–103PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. McKinley MJ, Olsson K, Fyhrquist F, Liljekvist E (1980) Transient vasopressin release and thirst in response to prolonged intracerebroventricular infusions of hypertonic mannitol in saline. Acta Physiol Scand 109: 427–431PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. McKinley MJ, Congiu M, Denton DA, Park RG, Smith MH, Weisinger RS, Wright RD (1982) Ablation of the Organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis (OVLT) of sheep disrupts osmoregulatory but not haemorrhage-induced vasopressin secretion. Proc Austral Physiol Pharmacol Soc 13: 185 PGoogle Scholar
  134. McKinley MJ, Denton DA, Nelson JF, Weisinger RS (1983 a) Dehydration induces sodium depletion in rats, rabbits and sheep. Am J Physiol 245: R287–R292Google Scholar
  135. McKinley MJ, Denton DA, Park RG, Weisinger RS (1983 b) Cerebral involvement in dehydration-induced natriuresis. Brain Res 263: 340–343PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. Menninger RP (1979) Effects of carotid occlusion and left atrial stretch on supraoptic neurosecretory cells. Am J Physiol 237: R63 - R67PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. Milton AS, Paterson AT (1974) A microinjection study of the control of antidiuretic hormone release by the supraoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus in the cat. J Physiol (Lond) 241: 607–628Google Scholar
  138. Miselis R (1981) The efferent projections of the subfornical organ of the rat: a circumventricular organ within a neural network subserving water balance. Brain Res 230: 1–23PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. Morgan ML, Anderson RJ, Ellis MA, Berl T (1983) Mechanisms of cold diuresis in the rat. Am J Physiol 244: F210–F216Google Scholar
  140. Morton JJ, Padfield PL, Forsling ML (1975) A radioimmunoassay for plasma argininevasopressin in man and dog; application to physiological and pathophysiological states. J Endocrinol 65: 411–424PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. Morton JJ, Semple PF, Ledingham IMcA, Stuart B, Tehrani MA, Garcia AR, McGarrity (1977) Effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor on the plasma concentrations of angiotensin I, angiotensin II, and arginine vasopressin in the dog during hemorrhagic shock. Circ Res 41: 301–308PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. Mouw D, Bonjour JP, Malvin RL, Vander A (1971) Central action of angiotensin in stimulating ADH release. Am J Physiol 220: 239–242PubMedGoogle Scholar
  143. Nicolaidis S (1978) Role des reflexes anticipateurs oro-vegetatifs dans la regulation hydrominerale et energetique. J Physiol (Paris) 74: 1–19Google Scholar
  144. Nicoll RA, Barker JL (1971) Excitation of supraoptic neurosecretory cells by Angiotensin II. Nature 233: 172–173Google Scholar
  145. Noble R, Wakerley JB (1982) Behaviour of physically active supraoptic neurones in vitro during osmotic challenge with sodium chloride or mannitol. J Physiol (Lond) 327: 41 PGoogle Scholar
  146. O’Connor WJ, Verney EB (1942) The effect of removal of the posterior lobe of the pituitary on the inhibition of water diuresis by emotional stress. J Exp Physiol 31: 393–408Google Scholar
  147. Oldendorf WH (1971) Brain uptake of radiolabeled amino acids, amines and hexoses after arterial injection. Am J Physiol 221: 1629–1639PubMedGoogle Scholar
  148. Olsson K (1969) Studies on central regulation of secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) in the goat. Acta Physiol Scand 77: 465–474PubMedGoogle Scholar
  149. Olsson K (1970) Effects on water diuresis of infusions of transmitter substances into the third ventricle. Acta Physiol Scand 79: 133–135PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. Olsson K (1972) On the importance of CSF Na+ concentration in central control of fluid balance. Life Sci 11: 397–402Google Scholar
  151. Olsson K (1973) Further evidence for the importance of CSF Na+ concentration in central control of fluid balance. Acta Physiol Scand 88: 183–188PubMedGoogle Scholar
  152. Olsson K, Kolmodin R (1974) Inhibition of antidiuretic hormone secretion by intracarotid infusions of slightly hypertonic non-electrolyte solutions. Acta Endocrinol 76: 53–58PubMedGoogle Scholar
  153. Olsson K, Larsson B, Liljekvist E (1976) Intracerebroventricular glycerol: A potent inhibitor of ADH-release and thirst. Acta Physiol Scand 98: 470–477PubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. Orloff J, Wagner HN, Davidson DG (1958) The effect of variations in solute secretion and vasopressin dosage on the excretion of water in the dog. J Clin Invest 37: 458–464PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. Paintal AS (1973) Vagal sensory receptors and their reflex effects. Physiol Rev 53:159–227PubMedGoogle Scholar
  156. Peck JW, Blass EM (1975) Localization of thirst and antidiuretic osmoreceptors by intracranial injection in rats. Am J Physiol 228: 1501–1509PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. Phillips MI (1978) Angiotensin in the brain. Neuroendocrinology 25: 354–377PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. Pickford M (1947) The action of acetylcholine in the supraoptic nucleus of the chloralosed dog. J Physiol (Lond) 106: 264–270Google Scholar
  159. Quillen EW, Cowley AW (1983) Influence of volume changes on osmolality-vasopressin relationships in conscious dogs. Am J Physiol 244: H73–H79Google Scholar
  160. Ramsay DJ, Keil LC, Sharpe MC, Shinsako J (1978) Angiotensin infusion increases vasopressin, ACTH and II-hydroxycorticosteroid secretion. Am J Physiol 234: R66–R71Google Scholar
  161. Reid IA, Brooks VL, Rudolph CD, Keil LC (1982) Analysis of the actions of angiotensin on the central nervous system of conscious dogs. Am J Physiol 243: R82 - R91PubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. Robertson GL (1977) The regulation of vasopressin function in health and disease. Rec Prog Horm Res 33: 333–386Google Scholar
  163. Robertson GL, Athar S (1976) The interaction of blood osmolality and blood volume in regulating plasma vasopressin in man. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 42: 613–620PubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. Robertson GL, Mahr EA, Athar S, Sinha T (1973) The development and clinical application of a new method for the radioimmunoassay of arginine vasopressin in human plasma. J Clin Invest 52: 2340–2352PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. Robertson GL, Aycinena P, Zerbe RL (1982) Neurogenic disorders of osmoregulation. Am J Med 72: 339–353PubMedGoogle Scholar
  166. Robillard JE, Weitzman RE (1980) Developmental aspects of the fetal renal response to exogenous arginine vasopressin. Am J Physiol 238: F407 - F414Google Scholar
  167. Robillard JE, Weitzman RE, Fisher DA, Smith Jr FG (1979) The dynamics of vasopressin release and blood volume regulation during fetal hemorrhage in the lamb fetus. Pediatr Res 13: 606–610PubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. Rose JC, Meis PS, Morris M (1981) Ontogeny of endocrine (ACTH vasopressin Cortisol) response to hypotension in lamb fetuses. Am J Physiol 240: E656 - E661PubMedGoogle Scholar
  169. Rundgren M, Fyhrquist F (1978) A study of permanent adipsia induced by medial forebrain lesions. Acta Physiol Scand 103: 463–471PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. Rundgren M, McKinley MJ, Leksell LG, Andersson B (1979) Inhibition of thirst and apparent ADH release by intracerebroventricular ethacrynic acid. Acta Physiol Scand 105: 123–125PubMedGoogle Scholar
  171. Saavedra JM, Chevillard C (1982) Vasopressin-reversible increase in angiotensin-converting enzyme in specific hypothalamus nuclei of Brattleboro rats. Brain Res 246:157– 160PubMedGoogle Scholar
  172. Saito T, Yoshida S, Nakao K (1969) Release of antidiuretic hormone from neurohypophysis in response to hemorrhage and infusion of hypertonic saline in dogs. Endocrinology 85: 72–78PubMedGoogle Scholar
  173. Sawchenko PE, Friedman MI (1979) Sensory functions of the liver - a review. Am J Physiol 236. R5 - R20Google Scholar
  174. Schneider EG, Davis JO, Robb CA, Baumber JS, Johnson JA, Wright FS (1970) Lack of evidence for a hepatic osmoreceptor mechanism in conscious dogs. Am J Physiol 218: 42–45PubMedGoogle Scholar
  175. Schrier RW, Bichet DG (1981) Osmotic and nonosmotic control of vasopressin release and the pathogenesis of impaired water excretion in adrenal, thyroid and edematous disorders. J Lab Clin Med 98: 1–15PubMedGoogle Scholar
  176. Schrier RW, Goldberg JP (1980) The physiology of vasopressin release and the pathogenesis of impaired water excretion in adrenal, thyroid and edematous disorders. Yale J Biol Med 53: 525–541PubMedGoogle Scholar
  177. Schrier RW, Berl T, Herbottie JA (1973) Mechanism of effect of alpha adrenergic stimulation with norepinephrine on renal water excretion. J Clin Invest 53: 502–511Google Scholar
  178. Schrier RW, Berl T, Anderson RJ (1979) Osmotic and nonosmotic control of vasopressin release. Am J Physiol 236: F321–32PubMedGoogle Scholar
  179. Schultz HD, Fater DC, Sundet WD, Geer PG, Goetz KL (1982) Reflexes elicited by acute stretch of atrial vs. pulmonary receptors in conscious dogs. Am J Physiol 242:H1065–H1076Google Scholar
  180. Schwartz J, Reid IA (1981) Effect of vasopressin blockade on blood pressure regulation during hemorrhage in conscious dogs. Endocrinology 109: 1778–1780PubMedGoogle Scholar
  181. Segar WE, Moore WW (1968) The regulation of antidiuretic hormone release in man. I: Effects of change in position and ambient temperature on blood ADH levels. J Clin Invest 47: 2143–2151PubMedGoogle Scholar
  182. Share L (1965) Effects of carotid occlusion and left atrial distention on plasma vasopressin titer. Am J Physiol 208: 219–223PubMedGoogle Scholar
  183. Share L (1967) Role of peripheral receptors in the increased release of vasopressin in response to hemorrhage. Endocrinology 81: 1140–1167PubMedGoogle Scholar
  184. Share L (1968) Control of plasma ADH titer in hemorrhage: role of atrial and arterial receptors. Am J Physiol 215: 1384–1389PubMedGoogle Scholar
  185. Share L (1979) Interrelations between vasopressin and the renin-angiotensin system. Fed Proc 38: 2267–2271PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. Share L, Levy MN (1962) Cardiovascular receptors and blood titer of antidiuretic hormone. Am J Physiol 203: 425–428PubMedGoogle Scholar
  187. Share L, Levy MN (1966) Carotid sinus pulse pressure, a determinant of plasma antidiuretic hormone concentration. Am J Physiol 211: 721–724PubMedGoogle Scholar
  188. Skowsky WR, Rosenbloom A A, Fisher DA (1974) Radioimmunoassay measurement of arginine vasopressin in serum: development and application. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 38: 278–287PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. Sladek CD (1980) Osmotic control of vasopressin release: role of acetylcholine and angiotensin. In: Yoshida S, Share L, Yaki K (eds) Antidiuretic hormone. Japan Scientific Societies Press, Tokyo, pp 117–132Google Scholar
  190. Sladek CD, Joynt RJ (1979) Cholinergic involvement in osmotic control of vasopressin release by the organ-cultured rat hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal system. Endocrinology 105: 367–371PubMedGoogle Scholar
  191. Sladek CD, Joynt RJ (1980) Role of angiotensin in the osmotic control of vasopressin release by the organ-cultured rat hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal system. Endocrinology 106: 173–178PubMedGoogle Scholar
  192. Sladek JR, McNeill TH, Khachaturian H, Zimmerman EA (1980) Chemical neuroanatomy of mono-amine interactions in the hypothalamic magnocellular system. In: Yoshida S, Share L, Yaki K (eds) Antidiuretic hormone. Japan Scientific Societies Press, Tokyo, pp 3–17Google Scholar
  193. Sladek CD, Blair ML, Ramsay DJ (1982) Further studies on the role of angiotensin in the osmotic control of vasopressin release by the organ cultured rat hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal system. Endocrinology 111: 599–607PubMedGoogle Scholar
  194. Swaminathan S (1980) Osmoreceptors or sodium receptors: an investigation into ADH release in the rhesus monkey. J Physiol (Lond) 307: 71–83Google Scholar
  195. Szczepanska-Sadowska E (1974) Plasma ADH increase and thirst suppression elicited by preoptic heating in the dog. Am J Physiol 226: 155–161PubMedGoogle Scholar
  196. Thames MD, Schmid PG (1979) Cardiopulmonary receptors with vagal afferents tonically inhibit ADH release in the dog. Am J Physiol 237: H299–H304Google Scholar
  197. Thrasher TN, Jones RG, Keil LC, Brown CJ, Ramsay DJ (1980 a) Drinking and vasopressin release during ventricular infusions of hypertonic solutions. Am J Physiol 238:340–345Google Scholar
  198. Thrasher TN, Brown CJ, Keil LC, Ramsay DJ (1980 b) Thirst and vasopressin release in the dog: an osmoreceptor or sodium receptor mechanism. Am J Physiol 238: R333–R339Google Scholar
  199. Thrasher TN, Nistal-Herrera JF, Keil LC, Ramsay DJ (1981) Satiety and inhibition of vasopressin secretion after drinking in dehydrated dogs. Am J Physiol 240: E394–401Google Scholar
  200. Thrasher TN, Keil LC, Ramsay DJ (1982a) Lesions of the organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis (OVLT) attenuate osmotically induced drinking and vasopressin secretion in the dog. Endocrinology 110: 1837–1839PubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. Thraser TN, Keil LC, Ramsay DJ (1982 b) Hemodynamic, hormonal and drinking response to reduced venous return in the dog. Am J Physiol 243: 354–362Google Scholar
  202. Tuomisto L, Eriksson L, Fyhrquist F (1980) Vasopressin release by histamine in the conscious goat. Eur J Pharmacol 107: 334–341Google Scholar
  203. Vandeputte-Van Messom G, Peeters G (1975) Effect of intraventricular administration of noradrenaline on water diuresis in goats. J Endocrinol 66: 375–383Google Scholar
  204. Vandeputte-Van Messom G, Peeters G (1976) Effect of intraventricular administration of isoprenaline on urinary function in the goat. Arch Int Pharmacodyn Ther 222:259– 266PubMedGoogle Scholar
  205. Vandeputte-Van Messom G, Peeters G (1979) Effect of intracerebroventricular administration of dopamine on urinary function in goats. Arch Int Pharmacodyn Ther 241: 108–120PubMedGoogle Scholar
  206. Van Wimersma Greidanus TB, Thody TJ, Verspaget H, deRotte GA, Goedemans HJH, Croiset G, Van Ree J (1979) Effects of morphine and ß-endorphin on basal and elevated plasma levels of α-MSH and vasopressin. Life Sci 24: 579–586PubMedGoogle Scholar
  207. Verney EB (1947) The antidiuretic hormone and the factors which determine its release. Proc R Soc London Ser B 135: 25–106Google Scholar
  208. Vincent JD, Hayward JN (1970) Activity of single cells in the osmoreceptor-supraoptic nuclear complex in the hypothalamus of the waking rhesus monkey. Brain Res 23: 105–108PubMedGoogle Scholar
  209. Vincent JD, Arnauld E, Nicolescu-Catargi A (1972a) Osmoreceptors and neurosecretory cells in the supraoptic complex of the unanaesthetized monkey. Brain Res 45: 278–281PubMedGoogle Scholar
  210. Vincent JD, Arnauld E, Bioulac B (1972 b) Activity of osmosensitive single cells in the hypothalamus of the behaving monkey during drinking. Brain Res 44: 371–384PubMedGoogle Scholar
  211. von den Velden R (1913) Die Nierenwirkung von Hypophysenextracten beim Menschen. Berlin Klin Wochenschr 50: 2083–2086Google Scholar
  212. Wade CE, Bie P, Keil LC, Ramsay DJ (1982 a) Osmotic control of plasma vasopressin in the dog. Am J Physiol 243: E287–E292Google Scholar
  213. Wade CE, Bie P, Keil LC, Ramsay DJ (1982 b) Effect of hypertonic intracarotid infusions on plasma vasopressin concentration. Am J Physiol 243: E522–E526Google Scholar
  214. Weiss CS, Almi CR (1975) Lateral preoptic and lateral hypothalamic units: in search of the osmoreceptors for thirst. Physiol Behav 15: 713–722PubMedGoogle Scholar
  215. Weitzman RE, Glatz TH, Fisher DA (1978 a) The effect of hemorrhage and hypertonic saline upon plasma oxytocin and arginine vasopressin in conscious dogs. Endocrinology 103: 2154–2160PubMedGoogle Scholar
  216. Weitzman RE, Farnsworth L, Macphee R, Wang C, Bennett C (1978 b) Effect of opposing osmolar and volume factors on plasma arginine vasopressin in man. Miner Electrolyte Metab 1: 43–47Google Scholar
  217. Weitzman RE, Fisher DA, Robillard J, Erenberg A, Kennedy R, Smith F (1978 c) Arginine vasopressin response to an osmotic stimulus in the fetal sheep. Pediatr Res 12: 35–38PubMedGoogle Scholar
  218. Weitzman RE, Reviczky A, Oddie TH, Fisher DA (1980) Effect of osmolality on arginine vasopressin and renin release after hemorrhage. Am J Physiol 238: E62 - E69PubMedGoogle Scholar
  219. Wintour EM, Congiu M, Hardy KJ, Hennessy DP (1982) Regulation of urine osmolality in fetal sheep. Q J Exp Physiol 67: 427–435PubMedGoogle Scholar
  220. Wood CE, Keil LC, Rudolph AM (1982) Hormonal and hemodynamic responses to vena caval obstruction in fetal sheep. Am J Physiol 243: E278–E286Google Scholar
  221. Woods JW, Bard P, Bleier R (1966) Functional capacity of the deafferented hypothalamus: water balance and responses to osmotic stimuli in the decerebrate cat and rat. J Neurophysiol 29: 751–767PubMedGoogle Scholar
  222. Yagi K, Kannan H, Sawaki Y (1980) Electrophysiology of antidiuretic hormone-secreting neurons: afferent neural pathways from cardiovascular receptors. In: Yoshida S, Share L, Yagi K (eds) Antidiuretic hormone. Japan Scientific Societies Press, Tokyo, pp 81–96Google Scholar
  223. Yamaguchi K, Hama M, Sakaguchi T, Negoro H, Kamoi K (1980) Effects of intraventricular injection of Sar-Ala-angiotensin II on plasma vasopressin level increased by angiotensin II and by water deprivation in conscious rats. Acta Endocrinol 93: 407–412PubMedGoogle Scholar
  224. Yaron M, Bennett CM (1978) Mechanisms of impaired water excretion in acute right ventricular failure in conscious dogs. Circ Res 42: 801–805PubMedGoogle Scholar
  225. Zehr JE, Johnson JA, Moore WW (1969) Left atrial pressure, plasma osmolality and ADH levels in the unanaesthetized ewe. Am J Physiol 217: 1672–1680PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Howard Florey Institute of Experimental Physiology and MedicineUniversity of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

Personalised recommendations