Afterthoughts on Animal Minds

  • T. H. Bullock
Conference paper
Part of the Life Sciences Research Reports book series (DAHLEM, volume 21)


“The evolutionary continuity of mental experience” is the subtitle of Donald Griffin’s little classic of 1976 on “The question of animal awareness.” The thrust of that subtitle and a major theme of the book is the proposition that the human species is not unique except in degree. That proposition is so consonant with our general biological understanding that there must be overwhelming agreement with Griffin, at least among biologists. However, there is still ample room for biologists to disagree on the matter of degree, on the matter of emphasis, and on the definition of mental experience. I, for one, regard the difference in degree to be so enormous that it is equivalent to a qualitative difference. That feeling was reinforced here by visiting the great Dahlem museum of art and the Berlin opera — and by our gathering here to address the issue.


Nonhuman Animal Affective Experience Mental Life Mental Experience Ample Room 
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Copyright information

© Dr. S. Bernhard, Dahlem Konferenzen, Berlin 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. H. Bullock
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurobiology Unit, Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Dept. of NeurosciencesUniversity of California, San Diego, School of MedicineLa JollaUSA

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