From the Point of View of an Immunologist: Enemies from Within or Friends from Long Ago?

  • Antonio Coutinho
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 98)


This paper sums up the impact of 3 most stimulating days at the Institute for Virology and Immunobiology in Würzburg upon my immunological convictions and my ignorance of retroviruses. I will first be concerned with some general aspects of lymphocyte activation and growth that I consider fundamental for framing questions in the correct perspective. I will then consider, on a purely speculative basis, possible implications of some experimental findings presented at the workshop and reviewed in this volume that define peculiarities of viral-induced lymphocyte growth. To do so, I will have to interpret other’s results without attempting to engage in any critical appreciation of them. The value of such speculations is, therefore, determined by the validity of the original results.


Germ Line Helper Cell Cell Repertoire Normal Lymphocyte Normal Immune System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Coutinho
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ImmunologyUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden

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