Ore Genesis pp 742-752 | Cite as

Fluid Inclusions and Trace Element Content of Quartz and Pyrite Pebbles from Witwatersrand Conglomerates: Their Significance with Respect to the Genesis of Primary Deposits

  • D. K. Hallbauer
  • E. J. D. Kable
Part of the Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits book series (MINERAL DEPOS., volume 2)


Geological and mineralogical studies of quartz pebbles and detrital pyrite demonstrate the existence of differences in the provenance areas of the various Witwatersrand goldfields and provide information about the type of primary deposits.

The trace element content determined by INAA and AAS can be used to determine groupings and hence differences in provenance areas while fluid inclusion studies provide information on the type of primary deposits.


Fluid Inclusion Gold Mine Quartz Vein Trace Element Content Fluid Inclusion Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Hirdes W (1979) The Proterozoic gold-uranium Kimberley Reef placers in the Evander and East Rand goldfields, Witwatersrand, South Africa: Different fades and their source area aspects. Unpubl PhD Thesis, Univ Heidelberg, 199 SGoogle Scholar
  2. Liebenberg WR (1955) The occurrence and origin of gold and radioactive minerals in the Witwatersrand System. The Dominion Reef, the Ventersdorp Contact Reef and the Black Reef. Trans Geol Soc S Afr 58:101–254Google Scholar
  3. Metzger FW, Kelly WC, Nesbitt BE, Essene EJ (1977) Scanning electron microscopy of daughter minerals in fluid inclusions. Econ Geol 72:141–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ramdohr P (1955) Neue Beobachtungen an Erzen des Witwatersrands in Südafrika und ihre genetische Bedeutung. Abh Dtsch Akad Wiss Berlin Kl Math Naturwiss 5:43Google Scholar
  5. Roedder E (1967) Fluid inclusions as samples of ore fluids. In: Barnes HL (ed) Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, pp 514–574Google Scholar
  6. Saager R (1973) Geologische und geochemische Untersuchungen an primären und sekundären Goldvorkommen im frühen Präkambrium Süd-Afrikas: Ein Beitrag zur Deutung der primären Herkunft des Goldes in der Witwatersrand Lagerstätte. Unpubl Habil Univ Heidelberg, 150 SGoogle Scholar
  7. Shepherd TJ (1977) Fluid inclusion study of the Witwatersrand gold-uranium ores. Philos Trans R Soc London Ser A 286:549–565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Utter T (1978) Morphology and geochemistry of different pyrite types from the Upper Witwatersrand System of the Klerksdorp goldfield, South Africa. Geol Rundsch 67(2):744–804CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Viljoen RP, Saager R, Viljoen MJ (1970) Some thoughts on the origin and processes responsible for the concentration of gold in the early Precambrian of Southern Africa. Mineral Deposita 5:164–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. von Rahden HVR (1970) Mineralogical and geochemical studies of some Witwatersrand gold ores with special references to the nature of the phyllosilicates. Unpubl PhD Thesis, Univ Witwatersrand, p 89Google Scholar
  11. Wedepohl KH (ed) (1978) Handbook of geochemistry, vol II/5 39, 57-E12. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. K. Hallbauer
  • E. J. D. Kable
    • 1
  1. 1.Mining Technology LaboratoryChamber of Mines of South Africa Research OrganizationJohannesburgSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations