Rhesus Macaques: Pertinence for Studies on the Toxicity of Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Environmental Pollutants

  • W. P. McNulty
Conference paper
Part of the Proceedings in Life Sciences book series (LIFE SCIENCES)

Abstract

Polyhalogenated polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PHPAHs) — polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated biphenyls, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans, and polychlorinated naphthalenes — have been disseminated, knowlingly and by accident, into the environment for the past 40 years. In particular, PCBs have been extensively used as dielectrics in transformers and capacitors and as heat exchanger fluids; they have also been incorporated into paints, inks, sealers, and plastics. Although increasingly strict controls have been imposed on the uses of PHPAHs and on the uses of industrial products in which they are contaminants, they persist in the environment because they are chemically stable and poorly biodegradable. Accidental discharges of PCBs still occur, primarily from electrical equipment, and polychlorinated dibenzofurans and dibenzo-p-dioxins continue to be released in industrial accidents and as low-level contaminants in fungicides and herbicides.

Keywords

Toxicity Hydrocarbon Chlorinate Naphthalene Biphenyl 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. P. McNulty
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of PathologyOregon Regional Primate Research CenterUSA

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