Plant Glycoproteins

  • R. R. Selvendran
  • M. A. O’Neill
Part of the Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology book series (PLANT, volume 13 / A)

Abstract

Proteins can be conveniently divided into two groups on the basis of their composition: simple proteins, which only contain amino acids and conjugated proteins which have in addition nonamino acid components as prosthetic groups. In plants, a wide range of conjugated proteins are present, which contain covalently linked carbohydrates either as glycoproteins, in which the protein component is substituted by one or more heterosaccharides with a relatively low number (2–15) of sugar residues, or as proteoglycans, in which the protein component carries polysaccharide substituents (Marshall and Neuberger 1970, Gottschalk 1972a, Kornfeld and Kornfeld 1976, Clarke et al. 1979). As more examples are being discovered, it appears that these two classes represent the ends of a continuous range of macromolecules containing both protein and carbohydrate. The main emphasis of this chapter will be on the biochemistry of intracellular glycoproteins of higher plants. Some comparisons with intra- and extra-cellular proteoglycans and cell wall glycoproteins of higher plants and glycoproteins of animals and micro-organisms will be made to highlight certain common structural features, associations, localization, and functions. Such a comparative study, besides indicating the significance of these macromolecules in living organisms, may also stimulate areas for future research.

Keywords

Disulfide Polyphenol Glucan Trichoderma Sulfhydryl 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. R. Selvendran
  • M. A. O’Neill

There are no affiliations available

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