Advertisement

Differentiation and Viral Involvement in Differentiation of Transformed Mouse and Rat Erythroid Cells

  • Wolfram Ostertag
  • Ian B. Pragnell
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 94/95)

Abstract

An ever-increasing amount of work is being published on the influence of specific RNA tumour viruses on erythroid differentiation in the mouse [1–10]. This review will be restricted to discussion of the action of those C-type viruses which influence erythropoiesis in the adult mouse [1–3, 9, 10] and moreover to viruses which have been used to establish transplantable tumours or permanent cell lines [1–3, 9, 10]. The review will also discuss a possible viral involvement in the chemically induced rat erythroleukaemia [11, 12]. This leukaemia can be induced in adult animals with 100% efficiency. The cells are transplantable and grow in tissue culture [13] and are similar to cells obtained from Friend virus (FV) or Rauscher virus (RV) induced adult mouse erythroleukaemia. More recently, a human erythroleukaemia cell line of a patient with myeloid leukaemia was described [14]. This cell line can be induced to differentiate when butyrate or haem is added and mainly synthesises embryonic human globin chains [14, 15].

Keywords

Erythroid Cell Erythroid Differentiation Virus Release Helper Virus Friend Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

BFA

burst forming activity

BFU-E

burst forming unit of erythroid cells

BPA

burst promoting activity

BrdU

bromo-de-oxy-uridine

CFU-E

colony forming unit of erythroid cells

CSF

colony stimulating factor

DMBA

di-methyl-benz-anthracene

env

envelope

Epo

Erythropoietin

FLC

Friend leukaemia cells

Fv

mouse resistance gene against FV infection

FV

Friend virus

FV-A

Friend virus, anemia inducing variant

FV-P

Friend virus, polycythemia inducing variant

gp

glycoprotein

HMBA

hexa-methylene-bis-acetamide

Me2SO

dimethyl sulphoxide

MCF

mink cytopathic focus forming virus

MCF-R

MCF-Rauscher

MPSV

myeloproliferative sarcoma virus

MSV

murine sarcoma virus

MSV-Mol

MSV-Moloney

MuLV

murine leukaemia virus

MuLV-F

MuLV-Friend

MuLV-Mol

MuLV-Moloney

MuLV-R

MuLV-Rauscher

p

protein

pr

precursor protein

REL

rat eiythroleukemia cells

RV

Rauscher virus

SFFV

Spleen focus forming virus

TCFU-E

tumor colony forming units (of erythroid cells)

TE-CFU

transient endogenous spleen colonies

Tk

thymidine kinase gene locus

TMBA

tri-methyl-benz-anthracene

ts

temperature sensitive

vmos

MSV-Mol fibroblast transforming gene

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Friend C (1957) J Exp Med 105:307–318PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Stansly PG, Soule HD (1962) J Natl Cancer Inst 29:1083–1106PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rauscher FJ (1962) J Natl Cancer Inst 29:515–543PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kirsten WH, Mayer LA (1967) J Natl Cancer Inst 39:311–335PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kirsten WH, Mayer LA, Wollmann RL, Pierce (1967) J Natl Cancer Inst 38:117–139Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Harvey JJ (1964) Nature 204:1104–1105PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chesterman FC, Harvey JJ, Dourmashkin RR, Salaman MH (1966) Cancer Res 26:1759–1768PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Scher CD, Scolnick EM, Siegler R (1975) Nature 256:225–226PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Le Bousse-Kerdiles MC, Smadja-Joffe F, Klein B, Caillou B, Jasmin C (1980) Eur J Cancer 16:43–51PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ostertag W, Vehmeyer K, Fagg B, Pragnell IB, Paetz W, Le Bousse MC, Smadja-Joffe F, Klein B, Jasmin C, Eisen H (1980) J Virol 33:573–582PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Huggins C, Sugiyama T (1966) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 55:74–81PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Huggins C, Grand L, Oka H (1970) J Exp Med 131:321–330PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kluge N, Ostertag W, Sugiyama T, Amdt-Jovin D, Steinheider G, Fumsawa M, Dube SK (1976) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 73:1237–1240PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Andersson LC, Jokinen M, Gahmberg CG (1979) Nature 278:364–365PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rutherford TR, Clegg JB, Weatherall DJ (1979) Nature 280:164–165PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tambourin PE (1979) Haemopoietic stem cells and murine viral leukaemogenesis. Br Soc Cell Biol Symp 2:254–316Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Friend C, Patuleia MC, de Harven E (1966) Natl Cancer Inst Monogr 22:505–522PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Friend C, Scher W, Holland JG, Sato T (1971) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 68:378–382PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Furusawa M, Ikawa Y, Sugano H (1971) Proc Jpn Acad 47:220–224Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Steinheider G, Melderis H, Ostertag W (1971) In: Martin H, Novicki L (eds) Synthesis, structure and function of haemoglobin. Lehmann, Munich, pp 225–245Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ostertag W, Melderis H, Steinheider G, Kluge N, Dube S (1972) Nature (London) New Biol 239:231–234Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Freedman HA, Lilly F (1975) J Exp Med 142:212–223PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Freedman HA, Lilly F, Steeves RA (1975) J Exp Med 142:1365–1375PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Axelrad AA, Steeves RA (1964) Virology 24:513–518PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ikawa Y, Sugano H, Oota K (1967) Gann 58:61–67PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Pluznick DH, Sachs L (1964) J Natt Cancer Inst 33:535–546Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Steeves RA (1975) J Natl Cancer Inst 54:284–297Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Mirand EA (1967) Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 125:562–565PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Golde DW, Bersch N, Friend C, Tsuei D, Marovitz W (1979) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 76:962–966PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Abelson HT, Rabstein LS (1970) Cancer Res 30:2213–2219PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Siegler RS, Zajdel S, Lane I (1972) J Natl Cancer Inst 48:189–218PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Risser R, Potter M, Rowe WP (1978) J Exp Med 146:714–726Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Mirand EA, Prentice TC, Hoffmann JG (1961) Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 106:413–426Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Tambourin P, Gallien-Lartigue O, Wendling F, Huaulme D (1973) Br J Haematol 24:511–524PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Smadja-Joffe F, Jasmin C, Malaise EP, Bournoutian C (1973) Int J Cancer 11:300–313PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Smadja-Joffe F, Klein B, Kerdiles C, Feinendegen L, Jasmin C (1976) Cell Tissue Kinet 9:131–145PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Wollmann RL, Pang EJ, Evans AE, Kirsten WH (1970) Cancer Res 30:1003–1010PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Thomson S, Axelrad AA (1968) Cancer Res 28:2105–2114Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Thomson S (1969) Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 130:227–231PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Friend C, Haddad JR (1960) J N Cancer Inst 25:1279–1289Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Buffett RT, Furth JA (1959) Cancer Res 19:1063–1069PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Dawson PJ, Fieldsteel AH (1974) J Nati Cancer Inst 52:1805–1808Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Dawson PJ, Fieldsteel AH, Bostick WL (1963) Cancer Res 33:349–354Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Ikawa Y, Sugano H (1966) Gann 57:641–643PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Steinheider G, Steeves R (1978) Leuk Res 2:197–200Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Bentvelzen P (1972) Eur J Cancer 8:584–585Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Dube SK, Gaedicke G, Kluge N, Weimann BJ, Melderis H, Steinheider G, Crozier T, Beckmann H, Ostertag W (1973) In: Nakahara W (ed) Symposium on “Differentiation and control of malignancy of tumour cells”. University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, pp 99–135Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Majumdar SK, Bilenker JD (1975) J Nati Cancer Inst 54:503–505Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Sachs L (1978) Nature 274:535–539PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Azumi JI, Sachs L (1977) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 74:253–257PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Dofuku R, Biedler JL, Spingier BA (1975) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 72:1515–1517PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Chan FPH, Ball JK, Sergovich FR (1979) J Natl Cancer Inst 62:605–610PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Joneja MG, Stich HF (1965) Exp Cell Res 40:148–151PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Stich HF, Wakonig R, Axelrad AA (1959) Nature 184:998–999PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Klein G (1979) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 76:2442–2446PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Harrison PR (1977) MTP Int Rev Sci Ser II 15:227–266Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Stephenson JR, Axelrad AA, Meod DL, Shreeve M (1971) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 68: 1542–1546PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Iscove NN, Sieber I (1975) Exp Hematol 4:32–43Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Heath DS, Axelrad AA, Meod DL, Shreeve NN (1976) Blood 47:777–792PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Iscove NN, Sieber F, Winterhalter KH (1974) J Cell Physiol 83:309–320PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    McLeod DL, Shreeve MM, Axelrad AA (1976) Nature 261:492–494PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Gregory CJ (1976) J Cell Physiol 89:289–302PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Johnson GR, Metealf D (1977) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 74:3879–3882PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Johnson GR, Metealf D (1978) J Cell Physiol 94:243–252PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Metcalf D, Johnson GR (1978) J Cell Physiol 96:31–42PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Arndt-Jovin DJ, Ostertag W, Eisen H, Klimek F, Jovin TM (1976) J Histochem Cytochem 24:332–347PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Arndt-Jovin DJ, Ostertag W, Eisen H, Jovin TM (1976) In: Neth R (ed) Modern trends in human leukemia, vol. 2. Grune & Stratton, New York, pp 137–149Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Eisen H, Bach R, Emery R (1977) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 74:3898–3902PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Eisen H, Keppel-Ballivet F, Georgopoulos CP, Sassa S, Granick J, Pragnell I, Ostertag W (1978) Cold Spring Harbor Conf Cell Proliferation 5:277–294Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Clarke BJ, Axelrad AA, Shreeve MM, McLeod DL (1975) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 72:3566–3560Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Hankins WD, Kost TA, Koury MJ, Krantz SB (1978) Nature 276:506–508PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Kost TA, Koury MJ, Hankins WD, Krantz SB (1979) Cell 18:145–152PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Hasthorpe S (1978) In: Murphy MJ (ed) In vitro aspects of erythropoiesis. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 172–180Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Opitz U, Scidel HJ, Rich IS (1977) Blut 35:35–44PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Scidel H, Opitz U (1978) In: Murphy MJ (ed) In vitro aspects of erythropoiesis. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 143–148Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Horoszewicz JS, Leong SS, Carter WA (1975) J Natl Cancer Inst 54:265–267PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Liao SK, Axelrad AA (1975) Int J Cancer 15:467–482PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Opitz U, Scidel HJ, Bertoncello I (1978) J Cell Physiol 96:95–104PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Fieldsteel AH, Kurahara C, Dawson PJ (1969) Nature 223:1274PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Troxler DH, Parks WP, Vass WC, Scolnick EM (1977) Virology 76:602–615PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Bernstein A, Mak T, Stephenson J (1977) Cell 12:287–294PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Pragnell IB, McNab A, Harrison PR, Ostertag W (1978) Nature 272:456–458PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Scher CD, Siegler R (1975) Nature 253:729–731PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Scher CD (1978) J Exp Med 147:1044–1053PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Rosenberg N, Baltimore D (1978) J Exp Med 147:1126–1141PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Tambourin P, Wendling F, Barat N, Zajdela F (1969) Nouv Rev Fr Hemato 9:461–484Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Scidel HJ (1972) Z Krebsforsch 77:155–165Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Friend C, Preisler HD, Scher W (1974) Curr Top Dev Biol 8:81–101PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    De Harven E, Friend C (1966) Nati Cancer Inst Monogr 22:79–105Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Friend C, Rossi GB (1968) Int J Cancer 3:523–529PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Sato T, Friend C, de Harven E (1971) Cancer Res 31:1402–1417PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Troxler DH, Yuan E, Linemeyer D, Ruscetti S, Scolnick EM (1978) J Exp Med 148:639–653PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Revoltella R, Bertolini L, Friend C (1979) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 76:1464–1468PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Rosenberg N, Baltimore D (1976) J Exp Med 143:1453–1463PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Siden EJ, Baltimore D, Clark D, Rosenberg N (1979) Cell 16:389–396PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Graf G, Ade N, Beug H (1978) Nature 275:496–501PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Gazzolo L, Moscovici C, Moscovici MG, Somarut J (1979) Cell 16:627–638PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Fredrickson T, Tambourin PE, Wendling F, Jasmin C, Smadja F (1975) J Natl Cancer Inst 55:443–446PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Nasrallah AG, McGarry MP (1976) J Natl Cancer Inst 57:443–445PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Tambourin PE, Wendling F (1975) Nature 256:320–322PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Golde DW, Faille A, Sullivan A, Friend C (1976) Cancer Res 36:115–119PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Ceglowski WS, Friedman H (1968) J Natl Cancer Inst 40:983–995PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Eckner RJ (1975) J Exp Med 142:936–948PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Brown WM, Axelrad AA (1976) Int J Cancer 18:764–773PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Dexter TM, Scott D, Teich NM (1977) Cell 12:355–364PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Teich NM, Dexter TM (1978) Cold Spring Harbor Conf Cell Proliferation 5:657–670Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Greenberger JS (1979) J Natl Cancer Inst 62:337–348PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Greenberger JS, Newburger PE, Karpas A, Moloney WC (1978) Cancer Res 38:3340–3348PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Dexter TM, Allen TD, Scott D, Teich NM (1979) Nature 227:471–474Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    Greenberger JS, Davisson PB, Gans PJ, Godfrey ME, Moloney WC (1979)Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Dexter TM, Allen TD, Lajtha LG, Krisza F, Testa NG (1978) Cold Spring Harbor Conf Cell Proliferation 5:63–80Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    McGarry MP, Steeves RA, Eckner RJ, Mirand EA, Tmdel PJ (1974) Int J Cancer 13:867–878PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    LoBue J, Gordon AS, Weitz-Hamburger A, Fredrickson TN, Hardy WD (1974) Cold Spring Harbor Conf Cell Proliferation 1:863–885Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    Weitz-Hamburger A, Fredrickson TN, LoBue J, Hardy WO, Camiscoli JF, Ferdinand PF, Callicchio V, Gordon AS (1975) J Natl Cancer Inst 55:1171–1175PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Fredrickson TN, LoBue J, Alexander PA, Schultz EF, Gordon AS (1972) J Natl Cancer Inst 48: 1597–1605PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Broxmeyer HE, Koltun L, LoBue J, Fredrickson TN, Gordon AS (1975) J Natl Cancer Inst 55:1123–1127PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Moore MAS, Sheridan AP (to be published) Symp. on stem cells and blood cells.Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    Moore MAS (1978) ICN-UCLA Symp Mol Cell Biol 10:445–459Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    Wilke IG, Ostertag W, Goldfarb P, Lang A, Fumsawa M, Conscience JF (1981) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 78:2995–2999Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Lilly F, Pincus T (1973) Adv Cancer Res 17:231–277Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    Odaka T, Yamamoto T (1962) Jpn J Exp Med 32:405–413PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Odaka T (1970) Int J Cancer 6:18–23PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Odaka T (1973) Int J Cancer 11:567–574PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Steeves RA, Lilly F, Steinheider G, Blank KJ (1978) Cold Spring Harbor Conf Cell Proliferation 5:591–600Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    Steeves RA, Bennett M, Mirand EA, Cudkowicz G (1968) Nature 218:327–373Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    Bennett M, Steeves RA, Cudkowicz G, Mirand EA, Russell LB (1968) Science 162:564–565PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Russell ES (1970) In: Gordon AS (ed) vol 1. Regulation of hematopoiesis Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, pp 649–675Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Eckner RJ, Hettrick K (1977) J Virol 24:383–396PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Risser R (1979) J Exp Med 149:1152–1167PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Risser R, Stockert E, Old LJ (1978) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 75:3918–3922PubMedGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Chirigos MA, Scott W, Turner W, Perk U (1968) Int J Cancer 3:223–237PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Van Zaane D, Bloemers HPJ (1978) Biochim Biophys Acta 516:249–268PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Stehelin D, Graf T (1978) Cell 13:745–750PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Racevskis J, Koch G (1977) J Virol 21:328–337PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Racevskis J, Koch G (1978) Virology 87:354–365PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Sherton CC, Dresler SL, Polonoff E, Webb MC, Kabat D (1978) Cancer Res 38:1426–1433PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Pragnell IB, Ostertag W, Paul J (1977) Exp Cell Res 108:269–278PubMedGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Bilello JA, Colletta G, Warnecke G, Koch G, Frisby D, Pragnell IB, Ostertag W (1980) Virology 107:331–344PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Barbacid M, Troxler DH, Scolnick EM, Aaronson SA (1978) J Virol 27:826–830PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. 140.
    Ruscetti S, Linemeyer D, Field J, Troxler DH, Scolnick E (1978) J Exp Med 148:654–663PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Gillis S, Gillis AE, Smith K (1978) J Exp Med 148:18–31PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Rothenberg E, Donoghue DJ, Baltimore D (1978) Cell 13:435–451PubMedGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Murphy EC, Campos D, Arlinghaus RB (1979) Adv Cancer Res 27:1–53Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Von Zanne D, Gielkens ALJ, Bloemers HPJ (1977) Proc Nati Acad Sci USA 74:1855–1859Google Scholar
  145. 145.
    Donoghue DJ, Sharp PA, Weinberg RA (1979) Cell 17:53–63PubMedGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    Alwine JC, Kemp DJ, Stark GR (1977) Proc Nati Acad Sci USA 74:5350–5354Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    Ostertag W, Pragnell IB (1978) Proc Nati Acad Sci USA 75:3278–3282Google Scholar
  148. 148.
    Weimann BJ, Schmitt J, Wolfrum KI (1974) FEBS Lett 43:37–44PubMedGoogle Scholar
  149. 149.
    Dube SK, Kung HJ, Bender W, Davidson N, Ostertag W (1976) J Virol 20:264–272PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    MaiSel J, Klement U, Lai MMC, Ostertag W, Duesberg P (1973) Proc Nati Acad Sci USA 70:3536–3540Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    Ostertag W, Cole T, Crozier T, Gaedicke G, Kluge N, Kind J, Krieg C, Roesler G, Steinheider G, Weimann B, Dube SU (1977) In: Nakahara W (ed) Symposium on differentiation and control of malignancy of tumour cells, Tokyo 1973. Tokyo University, Tokyo, pp 103–136Google Scholar
  152. 152.
    Scolnick EM, Shih TY, Troxler DH, Howk RS, Young HA (1978) Cold Spring Harbor Conf Cell Proliferation 5:535–552Google Scholar
  153. 153.
    Troxler DH, Boyars JK, Parks WP, Scolnick EM (1977) J Virol 22:361–372PubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. 154.
    Troxler DH, Lowy D, Howk R, Young H, Scolnick EM (1977) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 74:4671–4675PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. 155.
    Pragnell IB, Harrison PR, Ostertag W (1979) In: Ikawa Y (ed) Oncogenic viruses and host cell genes, Symp. 1977. Academic Press, New York, pp 173–182Google Scholar
  156. 156.
    Pragnell IB, Ostertag W, Paul J, Williamson R (1979) J Gen Virol 43:1–14PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    Mak TW, Penrose D, Gamble C, Bernstein A (1978) Virology 87:73–80PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. 158.
    Evans LH, Duesberg PH, Troxler DH, Scolnick EM (1979) J Virol 31:133–146PubMedGoogle Scholar
  159. 159.
    Freedman HA, Lilly F, Strand M, August JT (1978) Cell 13:33–40PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    De Both NJ, Vermey M, von’t Hull E, Kloot-wijk-van-Dijke E, van Griensven LJ, Mol JNM, Stoof TJ (1978) Nature 272:626–628PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Dawson PJ, Dresler SL, Fieldsteel HA (1979) Cancer Res 39:1611–1615PubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. 162.
    Kumar V, Bennett M, Eckner RJ (1974) J Exp Med 139:1093–1109PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. 163.
    Mareelletti J, Furmaski P (1978) J Immunol 120:1–8Google Scholar
  164. 164.
    Levy MH, Wheelock EF (1976) J Reticuloendothel Soc 20:243–254PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Kiessling R, Hochmann PS, Haller D, Shearer GM, Wigzell H, Cudkowitz G (1977) Eur J Immunol 7:655–663PubMedGoogle Scholar
  166. 166.
    (Deleted in production)Google Scholar
  167. 167.
    Axelrad AA, Suzuki S, van der Gaag H, Clarke BJ, McLeod DL (1978) ICN-UCLA Symp Mol Cell Biol 10:69–90Google Scholar
  168. 168.
    Dresler S, Ruta M, Murray MJ, Kabat D (1979) J Virol 30:564–575PubMedGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    Ruscetti SK, Linemeyer D, Feild J, Troxler D, Scolnick EM (1979) J Virol 30:787–798PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Krieg CJ, Ostertag W, Pragnell I, Swetly P, Roesler G, Cole T, Weimann BJ (1978) Exp Cell Res 116:21–29PubMedGoogle Scholar
  171. 171.
    Ostertag W, Krieg CJ, Cole T, Pragnell IB, Swetly P, Weimann BJ, Dube SK (1978) Exp Cell Res 116:31–37PubMedGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    Luftig RB, Conscience JF, Skoultchi A, Millan P, Revel M, Ruddle F (1977) J Virol 23:799–810PubMedGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    Sato T, de Harven E, Friend C (1975) In: Ito Y, Dutcher RM (eds) Comparative leukemia research, 1973 Leukemogenesis. University of Tokyo, Tokyo, pp 143–151Google Scholar
  174. 174.
    Ostertag W, Roesler G, Krieg C J, Kind J, Cole T, Crozier T, Gaedicke G, Steinheider G, Kluge N, Dube S (1974) Proc Nati Acad Sci USA 71:4980–4985Google Scholar
  175. 175.
    Lieber MM, Livingston DM, Todaro GJ (1973) Science 181:434–444Google Scholar
  176. 176.
    Klement V, Nicolson MO, Huebner RJ (1971) Nature (London) New Biology 234:12–14Google Scholar
  177. 177.
    Silagi S, Beja D, Wrathall J, de Harven E (1972) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 69:3443–3447PubMedGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Colletta G, Fragomele F, Sandomenico ML, Vecchio G (1979) Exp Cell Res 119:253–264PubMedGoogle Scholar
  179. 179.
    Tsuei D, Conscience JF, Friend C, Ruddle FH (1979) Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 160:164–167PubMedGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    Teich NM, Weiss RA, Martin GR, Lowy DR (1977) Cell 12:973–982PubMedGoogle Scholar
  181. 181.
    Dube SK, Pragnell DB, Kluge N, Gaedicke G, Steinheider G, Ostertag W (1975) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 72:1863–1867PubMedGoogle Scholar
  182. 182.
    Ostertag W, Pragnell IB, Jovin-Arndt D, Eisen H (1979) In: Ikawa Y (ed) Oncogenic viruses and host cell genes, Symp 1977. Academic Press, New York, pp 195–208Google Scholar
  183. 183.
    Sassa S, Granick JL, Eisen H, Ostertag W (1978) In: Murphy MJ (ed) In vitro aspects of erythropoiesis, Symposium 1977. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 135–142Google Scholar
  184. 184.
    Liebermann D, Sachs L (1977) Nature 269:173–175PubMedGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    Liebermann D, Sachs L (1978) Cell 15:823–835PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    Moroni C, Schumann G, Robert-Guroff M, Suter ER, Martin D (1975) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 72:535–538PubMedGoogle Scholar
  187. 187.
    Tsuei D, Haubenstock H, Revoltella R, Friend C (1979) J Virol 31:178–183PubMedGoogle Scholar
  188. 188.
    Sherton CC, Evans LH, Polonoff E, Kabat D (1976) J Virol 19:118–125PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. 189.
    Ikawa Y, Inoue Y, Aida M, Kameji R, Shibata C, Sugano H (1976) Bibl Haematol (Basel) 43:37–47Google Scholar
  190. 190.
    Ebert PS, Buell DV (1977) J Natl Cancer Inst 58:635–640PubMedGoogle Scholar
  191. 191.
    De Larco J, Todaro GJ (1978) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 75:4001–4005PubMedGoogle Scholar
  192. 192.
    Ikawa Y, Ross J, Leder P, Gielen J, Packman S, Ebert P, Hayashi K, Sugano H (1974) In: Nakahara W (ed) Differentiation and control of malignancy of tumor cells, Symp. 1973. University of Tokyo, Tokyo, pp 515–547Google Scholar
  193. 193.
    Dalton AJ, Potter M, Merwein RM (1961) J Natl Cancer Inst 26:1221–1268PubMedGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Lueders KK, Kuff EL (1977) Cell 12:963–972PubMedGoogle Scholar
  195. 195.
    Kuff EL, Lueders KK, Ozer HL, Wivel NA (1972) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 69:218–222PubMedGoogle Scholar
  196. 196.
    Schubert D, Humphreys S, Baroni S, Cohn M (1969) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 64:316–323PubMedGoogle Scholar
  197. 197.
    Collins S J, Ruscetti FW, Gallagher RE, Gallo RC (1978) Proati Acad Sci USA 75:2458–2462Google Scholar
  198. 198.
    Kimh, Palfrey C, Spector I, Barak Y, Littauer UZ (1976) Proati Acad Sci USA 73:462–466Google Scholar
  199. 199.
    Krystosek A, Sachs L (1976) Cell 9:675–684PubMedGoogle Scholar
  200. 200.
    Sieber F (1976) In: Muller-Bera (ed) Progress in differentiation research, Symposium 1977. North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp 521–528Google Scholar
  201. 201.
    Pragnell IB, Arndt-Jovin D, Jovin T, Fagg B, Ostertag W (1980) Exp Cell Res 125:459–470PubMedGoogle Scholar
  202. 202.
    Yamamoto KR, Stallcup MR, Ring J, Ringold GM (1978) Cold Spring Harbor Symp Quant Biol 42:625–638PubMedGoogle Scholar
  203. 203.
    Ringold GM, Yamamoto KR, Tomkins GM, Bishop JM, Varmus H (1975) Cell 6:299–305PubMedGoogle Scholar
  204. 204.
    McClintock B (1967) Dev Biol [Suppl] 1:84–112Google Scholar
  205. 205.
    Starlinger P (1976) In: Neth R, Gallo RC, Mannweiler K, Moloney WC (eds) Modem trends in human leukemia 2. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 481–483Google Scholar
  206. 206.
    Ikawa Y, Yoshida M (1979) In: Ikawa Y (ed) Oncogenic viruses and host cell genes, Symp. 1977. Academic Press, New York, pp 163–172Google Scholar
  207. 207.
    Nathan DG, Chess L, Hillman DG, Clarke B, Breard J, Merler E, Housman DE (1978) J Exp Med 147:324–339PubMedGoogle Scholar
  208. 208.
    Axelrad AA, Ware M, van der Gaag HC (1972) In: RNA viruses and host genome in oncogenesis. North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp 239–254Google Scholar
  209. 209.
    Fagg B, Vehmeyer K, Ostertag W, Jasmin C, Klein B (1980) In: Rossi GB (ed) In vivo and in vitro erythropoiesis: the friend system. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 163–172Google Scholar
  210. 210.
    Fagg B, Ostertag W (1981) J Natl Cancer Inst (in press)Google Scholar
  211. 211..
    Sherwin SA, Rapp UR, Benveniste RE, Sen A, Todaro GF (1978) J Virol 26:257–264PubMedGoogle Scholar
  212. 212..
    Moennig V, Frank H, Hunsmann G, Schneider I, Schäfer W (1974) Virology 61:100–111PubMedGoogle Scholar
  213. 213.
    Wagemaker G, Peters MF, Bol SJL (1979) Cell Tissue Kinet 12:521–537PubMedGoogle Scholar
  214. 214.
    Troxler DH, Ruscetti SK, Linemeyer DL, Scolnick EM (1980) Virology 102:28–45PubMedGoogle Scholar
  215. 215.
    McDonald ME, Reynolds FH, van de Ven W, Stephenson JR, Mak TW, Bernstein A (1980) J Exp Med 151:1477–1492Google Scholar
  216. 216.
    Evans L, Nunn M, Duesberg P, Troxler D, Scolnick E (1980) Cold Spring Harbor Symp Quant Biol 44:823–835PubMedGoogle Scholar
  217. 217.
    Duesberg P, Evans L, Nunn M, Linemeyer D, Troxler D, Scolnick E (1980) In: Rossi GB (ed) In vivo and in vitro erythropoiesis: the Friend system. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 353–371Google Scholar
  218. 218.
    Williams N, Jackson H, Sheridan APC, Murphy MJ Jr, Eiste A, Moore RPM (1978) Blood 51:245–255PubMedGoogle Scholar
  219. 219.
    Ralph P, Moore MAS, Nilsson K (1976) J Exp Med 143:1528–1533PubMedGoogle Scholar
  220. 220.
    Lusis AJ, Golde D (1980) In: Rossi GB (ed) In vivo and in vitro erythropoiesis: the Friend system. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 97–106Google Scholar
  221. 221.
    Aye MT (1976) J Cell Physiol 91:69–78Google Scholar
  222. 222.
    Troxler DH, Ruscetti SK, Scolnick EM (1980) Biochim Biophys Acta 605:305–324PubMedGoogle Scholar
  223. 223.
    Kluge N, Gaedicke G, Steinheider G, Dube S, Ostertag W (1974) Exp Cell Res 88:257–262PubMedGoogle Scholar
  224. 224.
    Hankins DW, Troxler D (1980) In: Rossi GB (ed) In vivo and in vitro erythropoiesis: the Friend system. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 151–161Google Scholar
  225. 225.
    Hankins WD, Kost TA, Pragnell IB (1981) Mol Cell Biology 1 (in press)Google Scholar
  226. 226.
    Hankins WD, Scolnick EM (1981) Cell (in press)Google Scholar
  227. 227..
    MacDonald ME, Mak TW, Bernstein A (1980) J Exp Med 151:1493–1503PubMedGoogle Scholar
  228. 228.
    Oliff AI, Hager GL, Chang EH, Scolnick EM, Chan HW, Lowy DR (1980) J Virol 33:475–486PubMedGoogle Scholar
  229. 229.
    Hartley JW, Wolford NK, Old LJ, Rowe WP (1977) Proc Nati Acad Sci USA 74:789–792Google Scholar
  230. 230.
    Greenberger JS, Eckner RJ, Ostertag W, Colletta G, Boschetti S, Nagasawa H, Karpas A, Weichselbaum RR, Moloney WC (1980) Virology 105:425–435PubMedGoogle Scholar
  231. 231.
    Suzuki S, Axelrad AA (1980) Cell 19:225–236PubMedGoogle Scholar
  232. 232.
    Mak TW, Gamble CL, MacDonald ME, Bernstein A (1980) Cold Spring Harbor Symp Quant Biol 44:893–899PubMedGoogle Scholar
  233. 233.
    Mak TW, Axelrad A, Bernstein A (1979) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 76:5809–5812PubMedGoogle Scholar
  234. 234.
    Klein B, Le Bousse MC, Fagg B, Smadja-Joffe F, Vehmeyer K, Mori J, Jasmin C, Ostertag W (1981) J Natl Cancer Inst 66:935–944PubMedGoogle Scholar
  235. 235.
    Beug H, Graf T (1980) Virology 100:348–356PubMedGoogle Scholar
  236. 236.
    Ruscetti S, Troxler D, Linemeyer D, Scolnick E (1980) J Virol 33:140–151PubMedGoogle Scholar
  237. 237.
    Kabat D, Ruta M, Murray MJ, Polonoff E (1980) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 77:57–61PubMedGoogle Scholar
  238. 238.
    Yoosook C, Steeves RA, Ruscetti S (1979) J Virol 31:408–414PubMedGoogle Scholar
  239. 239.
    Mol JNM, Vonk WP, Pragnell IB and Stoof TJ (1981) J Gen Virology 54:367–377Google Scholar
  240. 240.
    Bosselman RA, van Griensven LJLD, Vogt M, Verma IM (1980) Virology 102:234–239PubMedGoogle Scholar
  241. 241.
    Berkower AS, Lilly F, Soeiro R (1980) Cell 19:637–642PubMedGoogle Scholar
  242. 242.
    Van Griensven LJLD, Vogt M (1980) Virology 101:376–388PubMedGoogle Scholar
  243. 243.
    Levy SB, Blankenstein LA, Vinton EC, Chambers TJ (1979) In: Ikaw, Odak (eds) Oncogenic viruses and host cell genes. Academic Press, New York, pp 409–428Google Scholar
  244. 244.
    Melief CJM, Datta SK, Louie S, Johnson S, Melief, Schwartz RC (1975) Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 149:1015–1017PubMedGoogle Scholar
  245. 245.
    Sugiyama T (1971) J Natl Cancer Inst 47:1267–1273PubMedGoogle Scholar
  246. 246.
    Sugiyama T (1971) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 68:2761–2764PubMedGoogle Scholar
  247. 247.
    Wagemaker G (1980) In: Rossi GB (ed) In vivo and in vitro erythropoiesis: the Friend system. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 87–95Google Scholar
  248. 248.
    Linemeyer DL, Ruscetti SK, Menke JG, Scolnick EM (1980) J Virology 35:710–721PubMedGoogle Scholar
  249. 249.
    Russell ES (1979) Adv Genet 20:357–459PubMedGoogle Scholar
  250. 250.
    Ostertag W, Odaka T, Smadja-Joffe F, Jasmin C (1981) J Virol 37:541–548PubMedGoogle Scholar
  251. 251.
    Odaka T (1969) J Virol 3:543–548PubMedGoogle Scholar
  252. 252.
    Pragnell IB, Fusco A, Arbuthnott C, Smadja-Joffe F, Klein B, Jasmin C, Ostertag W (1981) J Virology 38:952–957PubMedGoogle Scholar
  253. 253.
    Peschle C, Migliaccio G, Lettieri F, Migliaccio AR, Ceccarelli R, Barba P, Titti F, Rossi GB (1980) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 77:2054–2058PubMedGoogle Scholar
  254. 254.
    Goldfarb P, Ostertag W, Conkie D, Eskdale J, Colletta G, Frisby D, Harrison P (1980) In: Rossi GB (ed) In vivo and in vitro erythropoiesis: the friend system, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 383–390Google Scholar
  255. 255.
    Yoshida M, Yoshikura H (1980) J Virol 33:587–596PubMedGoogle Scholar
  256. 256.
    Yamaguchi Y, Kluge N, Ostertag W, Fumsawa M (1981) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 78:2325–2329PubMedGoogle Scholar
  257. 257.
    Evans LH, Duesberg PH, Scolnick EM (1980) Virology 101:534–539PubMedGoogle Scholar
  258. 258.
    Mager D, Mak TW, Bernstein A (1980) Nature 288:592–594PubMedGoogle Scholar
  259. 259.
    Anand R, Ruscetti S, Steeves RA, Lilly F (1981) J Virology 37:55–60PubMedGoogle Scholar
  260. 260.
    Steinheider G, Bertoneello J, Scidel HJ (1980) Exp Hematol 8:779–787PubMedGoogle Scholar
  261. 261.
    Wiktor-Jedrzejcak W, Szczyklik C, Gomas SP, Sharkis SJ, Ahmed A (1981) Cell Tissue Kinet 14:211–217Google Scholar
  262. 262.
    Gregory CJ, Eaves AC (1978) Blood 51:527–536PubMedGoogle Scholar
  263. 263.
    Chui DHK, Kiao SK, Walker K (1978) Blood 51:537–547Google Scholar
  264. 264.
    Gregory CJ, McCulloch EA, Till JE (1975) J Cell Physiol 86:1–8PubMedGoogle Scholar
  265. 265.
    Wiktor-Jedrzejcak W, Ahmed A, Sharkis S J, Mee A, Sell KW (1979) J Cell Physiol 99:31–36Google Scholar
  266. 266.
    Ostertag W, Pragnell IB, Fusco A, Hughes D, Freshney M, Klein B, Jasmin C, Bilello J, Warnecke G, Vehmeyer K (1981) In: Revoltella R (ed) Expression of Differentiated Functions in Cancer Cells. Raven Press, New York (in press)Google Scholar
  267. 267.
    Ruta M, Kabat D (1980) J Virol 35:844–853PubMedGoogle Scholar
  268. 268.
    Linemeyer DL, Ruscetti SK, Scolnick EM, Evans LH, Duesberg PH (1981) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 78:1401–1405PubMedGoogle Scholar
  269. 269.
    Housman D, Levenson R, Volloch V, Tsiftsoglou A, Gusella J, Parker D, Kemen J, Mitrani A, Weeks V, Witte O, Besmer P (1980) Cold Spring Harbor Symp Quant Biology 44:1177–1185Google Scholar
  270. 270.
    Schultz AM, Ruscetti SK, Scolnick EM, Oroszlan S (1980) Virology 107:537–542PubMedGoogle Scholar
  271. 271.
    Hankins WD, Krantz SB (1980) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 77:5287–5291PubMedGoogle Scholar
  272. 272.
    Johnson GR, Metcalf D (1979) Cell lineage, stem cells and cell determination. Inserm Symp 10:199–213Google Scholar
  273. 273.
    Dexter TM, Allen TD, Testa NG, Scolnick E (1981) J Exp Med (in press)Google Scholar
  274. 274.
    Dexter TM, Testa NG, Allen TD, Rutherford T, Scolnick E (1981) Blood (in press)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfram Ostertag
    • 1
  • Ian B. Pragnell
    • 2
  1. 1.Heinrich-Pette-Institut für Experimentelle Virologie und Immunologie an der Universität HamburgHamburg 20Federal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.The Beatson Institute for Cancer ResearchBearsden, GlasgowGreat Britain

Personalised recommendations