Wind as an Ecological Factor

  • P. S. Nobel
Part of the Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology book series (PLANT, volume 12 / A)


Wind affects plant growth, reproduction, distribution, death, and ultimately plant evolution. Some of the effects depend on the air boundary layers next to the aerial parts of a plant, across which gas and heat exchanges with the environment occur. Others relate to the mechanical deformation of the plant by the frictional drag of the moving air. Wind also disperses many types of particles (pollen, plant propagules, disease organisms) as well as moving gas molecules (CO2, pollutants). Because of the many effects of wind, ranging from obvious crop or forest destruction during gales to subtle effects on a leaf boundary layer, the literature available is vast and covers many disciplines. Here a few of the fundamental principles underlying the interaction of plant parts with air currents will be developed and various consequences for plant physiological ecology will be discussed.


Boundary Layer Wind Speed Boundary Layer Thickness High Wind Speed Bluff Body 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1981

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  • P. S. Nobel

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