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Nebenwirkungen der Muskelrelaxanzien und Komplikationen bei ihrer Anwendung

  • H. Bergmann
Chapter
Part of the Klinische Anästhesiologie und Intensivtherapie book series (KAI, volume 22)

Zusammenfassung

Nebenwirkungen sind unerwünschte Effekte von Arzneimitteln außerhalb der für die Therapie erwarteten Wirkungen. Entsprechende Effekte der Muskelrelaxanzien sollen in zwei großen Gruppen geordnet abgehandelt werden:
  1. I.

    Nebenwirkungen auf den Kreislauf, wobei zunächst Bemerkungen zu den Einflußfaktoren Histaminfreisetzung, Ganglienblockade, direkter Myokardeffekt, direkte Wirkung auf die glatte Gefäß-muskulatur und andere autonome Effekte anzubringen sein werden, gefolgt von einer zusammenfassenden und auf die klinische Praxis ausgerichteten kardiovaskulären Typisierung der einzelnen Relaxanzien.

     
  2. II.

    Nebenwirkungen durch Depolarisation, in welche Gruppe, durch Succinylcholin hervorgerufen, die Hyperkaliämie und der Muskelschmerz, die Steigerung des intraokulären und intragastrischen Druckes und die Myoglobinurie eingebunden sein werden.

     

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