The Dependence-Producing Properties of Psychomotor Stimulants

  • J. E. Villarreal
  • L. A. Salazar
Part of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology book series (HEP, volume 55 / 2)

Abstract

This review deals with a singular form of pathology induced by certain drugs, including some of the group that are currently classified as psychomotor stimulants. For historical reasons, this form of pathology is now generically called drug dependence, with subclasses defined in terms of the type of pharmacologic agent that generates or maintains the disorder. Other terms such as toxicomania, habituation, or addiction have been employed for the disease. It is possible that its name will change again in the future as the new, growing knowledge about its nature develops more fully. The main objective of this chapter is to review the disease of dependence to psychomotor stimulants as well as the results of experimental work aimed at understanding and measuring the dependence-producing properties that these drugs possess. Simultaneous attention to these two levels of study — analysis of dependence as a disease and experimental analysis of drug actions related to dependence production — has been deemed necessary to maintain the complete perspective that the subject requires.

Keywords

Morphine Caffeine Imipramine Chlorpromazine Apomorphine 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. E. Villarreal
  • L. A. Salazar

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