Hormonal Control of Wound-Induced Responses

  • H. Imaseki
Part of the Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology book series (PLANT, volume 11)


Wounding is a frequent, but irregular event imposed on plant life by the natural environment. Since higher plants are unable to move to better environments to escape from animal browsing or severe winds, mechanisms that overcome the wound effect are essential to survival of the individual, and the species as well. Wounding is defined herein as a mechanical process which destroys cells in a specific area of tissue. It thus breaks cell to cell continuity in a multicellular plant so that cells, or at least one side of cells which were previously in contact with other cells, are now exposed. In most cases, this will include loss of part of a tissue or organ. The reactions which occur in response to wounding are so diverse that we presently cannot integrate all of these reactions into a cogent series of physiological processes. However, the fundamental physiological outcome of the wound response is regeneration of part or all of the functions which were previously shared by the damaged or lost cells, tissues or organs (Lipetz 1970). This does not necessarily mean regeneration of the complete lost structure, however (Lipetz 1970). Thus, formation of protective materials in cells near the cut surface, initiation of cell proliferation, regeneration of vascular elements, or rooting at the base of shoot cuttings are common physiological responses to wounding. In a broad sense, one may also include in the wound response the lateral bud growth which occurs when the apical portion of the central axis is removed or damaged, a phenomenon well-known as the breaking of apical dominance.


Potato Tuber Adventitious Root Ethylene Production Ethylene Biosynthesis Adventitious Root Formation 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1985

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  • H. Imaseki

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