Evaluation of Motor Deficits in Patients Suffering from Multiple Sclerosis

  • R. Benecke
  • B. Conrad

Abstract

It is generally accepted that motor deficits in the lower extremities are among the most important symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). An objective analysis of these deficits would seem to be essential for the following reasons: (1) Pathophysiological research has yet to clarify the nature and localization of lesions in different types of muscular hypertonia (i.e., spinal and supraspinal spasticity) or in other motor disturbances like spinal and supraspinal ataxia; (2) Detection of discrete motor deficits (e.g., weak monoparesis, obscure gait disturbances) and specification of abnormalities using qualitative and quantitative methods can be helpful in establishing the diagnosis; and (3) quantitative measurements in motor disturbances are necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of the drugs used in the treatment of motor disturbances.

Keywords

Torque 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Desmedt JE (ed) (1973) New developments in electromyography and clinical neurophysiology, vol 3: Human reflexes, pathophysiology of motor systems, methodology of human reflexes. Karger, BaselGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dimitrijevic MR, Nathan PW (1967) Studies of spasticity in man. Brain 90:1–30PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Esslen E (1968) Objective kinesiologic and electro-tono-myographic observations on spasticity and rigidity, Biomechanics I. 1st. Int. Seminar, Zürich 1967. Karger, Basel New York, pp 339–343Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Forssberg H, Grillner S, Rossignol S (1977) Phasic gain control of reflexes from the dorsum of the paw during spinal locomotion. Brain Res 132:121PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wiesendanger M (1972) Pathophysiology of muscle tone. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York (Neurology series)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Benecke
  • B. Conrad
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical NeurophysiologyUniversity of GöttingenGöttingenGermany

Personalised recommendations