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Soil Management in Semi-Arid Environments

  • D. W. Henderson
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 34)

Abstract

To assess the impact of soil management in a meaningful way and in terms that can be applied in a variety of situations is nearly impossible with existing information. Baeumer and Bakermans (1973) at the conclusion of their review on zero-tillage indicate their frustration as follows: “Yet, as shown by our review, only little has been gained in understanding plant production systems influenced by tillage methods. It has to be questioned whether the effort to obtain ever more pertinent data with extended and refined research will lead to substantial improvement in understanding such systems as zero-tillage. Clearly, a synthesis is required; it may eventually be obtained with a more fundamental rather than empirical approach.” Much of the older literature reports studies of the effect of a tillage procedure on crop yield; authors could not or did not provide any insight into how the tillage procedure influenced crop growth and therefore yield. Perhaps because of this many still tend to relate tillage procedure to yield rather than considering the direct effects of that procedure. A good example of the need to consider direct effects is in the use of subsoiling to improve the physical character of “tight” soils. Subsoiling can have beneficial, neutral, or harmful effects on yield. But the “tight” soil may be at least temporarily shattered by subsoilers or other implements when it is sufficiently dry.

Keywords

Crop Residue Weed Control Infiltration Rate Wind Erosion Soil Management 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. W. Henderson

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