Microclimate — the climate of a smaller region within a territory — is caused by the effect of terrain relief, the subjacent surface, and other factors which determine the disparity between air and soil temperature conditions, humidification, and wind intensity. The microclimate of slopes, valleys, hillcrests, etc., are singled out as a function of these relief features. The microclimate of meadows, fields, forest fringes, glades, shore regions lakes, etc., is produced by a disparity in the radiative heating of the subjacent surface. The microclimate of a city is formed as a result of development. A special type of microclimate, called a phytoclimate, is produced amongst the plants.
KeywordsWind Erosion Southern Slope Soil Surface Temperature Leaf Surface Area Wind Intensity
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