Radiation Electron-Hole Centers (Free Radicals) in Minerals

  • Arnold S. Marfunin


The contemporaneous history of research into electron-hole centers in minerals began with applications of the electron-paramagnetic resonance method (EPR, see Chap. 3). Only with its help can one identify and interpret the models of the centers, establish their presence in the crystals, discern the kind of the centers, earlier identified, as well as the whole set of the centers present in a crystal. The very theory of the center is now closely related to the EPR parameters, which are related in their turn to a description of the center within the framework of the molecular orbital theory and position of the center in the crystal structure.


Color Center Hole Center Hyperfine Structure Cation Vacancy Anion Vacancy 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arnold S. Marfunin
    • 1
  1. 1.IGEM Academy of SciencesMoscowUSSR

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