Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 31)
In mountains, the upper limit to the distribution of forests, i.e., the alpine timberline, separates as a fairly sharp discontinuity the usually closed forest from the treeless alpine heath-grassland. In principle there are three possible causes for the upper survival limit of trees on mountains with seasonally fluctuating climates, i.e., outside the tropics:
Negative carbon balance
Arrested phenological cycle
Inadequate resistance to deleterious factors
KeywordsFrost Damage Shoot Primordia Cuticular Layer Cuticular Transpiration Shoot Extension
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1979