Climatic Resistance and Damage of Trees at Timberline

  • Walter Tranquillini
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 31)


In the ecotone (kampfzone) above the fully stocked forest the occurrence of damage to buds, leaves, and shoots increases rapidly. Towards the upper part of the transition zone injuries become so severe that “cripple” life-forms predominate in trees, ranging from bushes with “flagged” leaders to cushions of krummholz pressed close to the ground (Fig. 50, 51). Tree form is largely dependent on the winter snow-cover, since shoots projecting above the snow are severely damaged with regularity or are completely destroyed. One can confidently state that damage which critically influences the upper limit for trees occurs predominantly during winter.


Picea Abies Frost Resistance Frost Tolerance Snow Surface Frost Damage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Tranquillini
    • 1
  1. 1.Außenstelle für subalpine WaldforschungForstliche BundesversuchsanstaltHofburg, InnsbruckAustria

Personalised recommendations