Some Geologic Colloid Systems

  • Shmuel Yariv
  • Harold Cross

Abstract

The sedimentary cycle includes the hydrosphere, the atmosphere, the pedosphere, and sedimentary rocks in the lithosphere. Clay minerals, zeolites, hydrated oxides and hydroxides, mainly of Si, Fe, Mn, and Al, and some organic macromolecules are responsible for most colloid properties of geologic systems that constitute the sedimentary cycle. The clay minerals, which generally comprise the greater part of the colloid fraction, are so-called from the term used by sedimentologists and soil scientists for the fraction of particles having a very small size, the “clay fraction”. Although certain clay deposits contain well-defined crystalline particles, most clay minerals occur as particles too small to be resolved by the ordinary microscope. Furthermore, a wide distribution of particle sizes is frequently present.

Keywords

Quartz Lignin Sedimentation Diesel Compaction 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shmuel Yariv
    • 1
  • Harold Cross
    • 2
  1. 1.The Hebrew University of JerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Israel Patent OfficeJerusalemIsrael

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