Endocrine Responses to Malnutrition in Man

  • K. S. Jaya Rao
Conference paper
Part of the Proceedings in Life Sciences book series (LIFE SCIENCES)


Protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM) continues to be one of the major nutritional and public health problems that confront the developing countries today. In view of the high nutrient demands of growth, children between 1 and 4 years of age, generally referred to as pre-school children, are most vulnerable to the ravages of malnutrition. The primary and the characteristic response to PCM is retardation of growth, the degree of which in any child depends on the extent of calorie and protein deficiency, its duration, the age of weaning, weaning practices, exposures to infections and their severity, etc. Hence PCM does not manifest itself as a single syndrome, but comprises a wide spectrum with varying degrees of retardation of growth. At the extreme end of this spectrum, the two clinically characteristic pictures of marasmus and kwashiorkor stand out as striking testimonies to a continuing human tragedy. Nearly 80%-90% of the pre-school children in India suffer from mild and moderate forms of malnutrition, whereas 2%-3% suffer from kwashiorkor and marasmus.


Growth Hormone Plasma Cortisol Adrenal Cortex Growth Hormone Secretion Growth Hormone Level 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1978

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  • K. S. Jaya Rao

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