Investigations of Nontumoral Hydrocephalus in Children
An analysis was made of 175 cases of pediatric nontumoral hydrocephalus. CT scan by itself permits a precise diagnosis in only one-third of the cases. However, when the clinical context suggests that hydrocephalus is secondary to certain conditions such as infection, bleeding, or trauma, CT scan may suffice, unless more advanced investigation permits more efficient treatment. When hydrocephalus is associated with brain malformations, however, more complete investigation is needed for a better understanding of the condition. Conventional contrast studies are quite safe, especially ventriculography which is easy to perform in this type of patient, who is usually investigated during the first 12 months of life.