Advertisement

The History of Flora and Vegetation During the Quaternary

  • Burkhard Frenzel
Part of the Progress in Botany / Fortschritte der Botanik book series (BOTANY, volume 39)

Abstract

It is a well-known fact that during late-glacial times dune sands accumulated in vast regions of Western, Central, and Eastern Europe. This eolian sedimentation was correlated with the latest occurrence of a steppe-like vegetation during the so-called Dryas Times, the real vegetation character of which is still a matter of debate. In general it was hitherto held that the postglacial period should be looked upon as a period of geomorphologically quiet conditions, if processes connected with the eustatic rise of sea level or with the isostatic emergence of formerly ice-covered regions are not taken into consideration. Yet repeatedly during the last years very interesting observations could be made, favoring the view of relatively active holocene processes of river erosion or aggradation, and of slope denudation as well, even in Central Europe. STARKEL gave an excellent review of the problems involved, like those of deglaciation, eustasy, isostasy, history of permafrost, history of lake levels, pedogenesis, history of climate, of river activity, of wind action, and of vegetation all over the world. If these processes should prove to have been active in Europe, too, they should be duely taken into consideration by botanists, because they might give indications as to stability or instability of ecosystems.

Keywords

Vegetation History River Activity Pollen Flora Slope Denudation Boreal Period 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. ADAM, K.D.: Abh. Karst- u. Höhlenkde., Reihe D, H. 1, 247 S. (1975).Google Scholar
  2. ÅHMAN, E., KÖNIGSSON, L.K.: Geol. Fören. Stockh. Förhandl. 98, 85–86 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. AMBROSETTI, P., AZZAROLI, A., BONADONNA, F.P., FOLLIERI, M.: Bull. Soc. Geol. Ital. 91, 169–184 (1972).Google Scholar
  4. AMMANN, K.: Mitt. Natur-forsch. Ges. Bern, N.F. 32, 122–128 (1975).Google Scholar
  5. ANDREWS, J.T., MAHAFFY, M.A.W.: Quatern. Res. 6, 167–183 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. APRAHAMIAN, J., BELLAIR, P., BILLARD, A., MONTJUVENT, G., USELLE, J.P.: C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 276, sér. D, 1257–1260 (1973).Google Scholar
  7. ATHANASIADIS, N.: Flora 164, 99–132 (1975).Google Scholar
  8. AVERDIECK, F.R.: Mitt. Geol.-Paläont. Inst. Hamburg 44, 285–290 (1975);Google Scholar
  9. AVERDIECK, F.R., FRIEDRICHSEN, O., ULLRICH, W., VOGEL, H.: Meyniana 28, 1–18 (1976).Google Scholar
  10. BASTIN, B.: Bull. Soc. Roy. Belge Antrop. Préhist. 87, 15–27 (1976).Google Scholar
  11. BEAULIEU, J.L. DE: (1) Etudes franç, sur le Quatern., VIIIe Congr. INQUA Paris, 5 pp. (1969);Google Scholar
  12. BEAULIEU, J.L. DE: (2) Bull. Assoc, franç. étude quatern. 9, 195–205 (1972);CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. BEAULIEU, J.L. DE: (3) Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., fasc. 11, 31–32 (1973);Google Scholar
  14. BEAULIEU, J.L. DE: (4) Rev. biol. et écol. médit. 1, 97–104 (1974);Google Scholar
  15. BEAULIEU, J.L. DE: (5) Bull. Soc. Languedocienne de Géogr. 8, 347–358 (1974);Google Scholar
  16. BEAULIEU, J.L. DE: (6) Contribution pollenanalytique à l’histoire tardiglaciaire et holocène de la végétation des Alpes Méridionales Françaises. Thèse Univ. Aix-Marseille III, 358 pp. (1977).Google Scholar
  17. BEAULIEU, J.L. DE, GILOT, E.: C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, sér. D, 273, 2489–2492 (1971).Google Scholar
  18. BEAULIEU, J.L. DE, REILLE, M.: Bull. Assoc, franç, étude du quaternaire, Suppl. Bull. Nr. 36, 198–199 (1973).Google Scholar
  19. BECKER, B.: Biul. Geologiczny 19, 127–136 (1975).Google Scholar
  20. BERNARD, J.: (1) C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, sér. D, 274, 46–49 (1972);Google Scholar
  21. BERNARD, J.: (2) C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, sér. D, 274, 1151–1154 (1972).Google Scholar
  22. BEUG, H.J.: (1) Biul. Geologiczny 19, 101–110 (1975);Google Scholar
  23. BEUG, H.J.: (2) Bot. Jb. Syst. 95, 373–400 (1976).Google Scholar
  24. BIERNACKI, Z.: Biul. Geologiczny 19, 199–217 (1975).Google Scholar
  25. BOBEK, M., SCHMIDT, R.: Linzer biol. Beitr. 8/1, 95–133 (1976).Google Scholar
  26. BONIFAY, E., PONS, A.: C.R. Somm. Séances Soc. géol. France 1972, fasc. 2, 60–61 (1972).Google Scholar
  27. BORTENSCHLAGER, I.: Ber. nat. med. Ver. Innsbruck 63, 105–137 (1976).Google Scholar
  28. BOTTEMA, S.: (1) Late Quaternary Vegetation History of Northwestern Greece. Thesis Rijksuniv. Groningen, 190 p. (1974);Google Scholar
  29. BOTTEMA, S.: (2) Geol. Mijnb. 53, 401–405 (1974);Google Scholar
  30. BOTTEMA, S.: (3) Problems Balkan Flora Vegetation 58–63, Sofia (1975);Google Scholar
  31. BOTTEMA, S.: (4) Palaeohistoria 17, 17–35 (1975).Google Scholar
  32. BOUILLET-ROY, G., CAILLEUX, A.: Abh. Braunschw. Wiss. Ges. 24, 25–29 (1973/74).Google Scholar
  33. BOŽILOVA, E.: (1) Godišsnik sofijsk. univ. biol.-geogr. fak. 64, nr. 2, 19–36 (1972);Google Scholar
  34. BOŽILOVA, E.: (2) Biul. Geologiczny 19, 93–99 (1975);Google Scholar
  35. BOŽILOVA, E.: (3) Bulg. Acad. Sci., Phytology 4, 25–33, Sofia (1976).Google Scholar
  36. BRANDE, A.: Quartär 26, 73–106 (1975).Google Scholar
  37. BRUNNACKER, K.: Biul. Geolgiczny 19, 149–156 (1975).Google Scholar
  38. BURRICHTER, E.: Abh. Landesmus. Naturkde. Münster/Westf. 38, 3–14 (1976).Google Scholar
  39. COUTEAUX, M.: C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, sér. D, 282, 161–163 (1976).Google Scholar
  40. COUTEAUX, M., BEAULIEU, J.L. DE: C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, sér. D, 282, 277–280 (1976).Google Scholar
  41. DAMBLON, F.: Trav. Lab. Palynol. Phytosoc. Univ. Cathol. Louvain, 17 pp. (1976).Google Scholar
  42. FALKOWSKI, E.: Biul. Geologiczny 19, 45–78 (1975).Google Scholar
  43. FLIRI, F.: Z. Gletscherkde. Glazialgeol. 12, 79–84 (1976).Google Scholar
  44. FOLLIERI, M.: (1) Quaternaria 10, 125–135 (1969);Google Scholar
  45. FOLLIERI, M.: (2) Bull. Paletnol. Ital., n.s. 21, vol. 79, fasc. II, 245–270 (1970);Google Scholar
  46. FOLLIERI, M.: (3) Annali Botan. 30, 85–96 (1970/71);Google Scholar
  47. FOLLIERI, M.: (4) Annali Botan. 30, 177–182 (1970/71).Google Scholar
  48. GROOTES, P.M.: Thermal Diffusion Isotopic Enrichment and Radiocarbon Dating Beyond 50,000 Years BP. Thesis Rijksuniv., Groningen. 221 pp. (1977).Google Scholar
  49. GROOTES, P.M., MOOK, W.G., VOGEL, J.C.: Z. Naturforsch. 30a, 1–14 (1975).Google Scholar
  50. GROSSE-BRAUCKMANN, G.: (1) Moor u. Torf in Wiss. u. Wirtschft., 145–155 (1975);Google Scholar
  51. GROSSE-BRAUCKMANN, G.: (2) Telma 5, 39–42 (1975);Google Scholar
  52. GROSSE-BRAUCKMANN, G.: (3) In: Moor- und Torfkunde, 91–133. ed. K.H. GÖTTLICH. Stuttgart: Schweizerbart 1976.Google Scholar
  53. GRÜGER, E.: Geol. Jb. A 29, 3–32 (1975).Google Scholar
  54. HAESAERTS, P., BASTIN, B.: Géobios, 10, fasc. 1, 123–127 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. HANNSS, C.H.: Eiszeitalter Gegenwart 23/24, 100–106 (1973).Google Scholar
  56. HANNSS, C.H., BOTTEMA, S., GROOTES, P.M., KOSTER, Y.M., MÜNNICH, M.: Rév. géogr. Alp. 64, 495–513 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. HEINE, K., OHNGEMACH, D.: Münster. Forsch. Geol. Paläont. 38/39, 229–251 (1976).Google Scholar
  58. HEITZ, C.H.: Beitr. Geobot. Landesaufn. Schweiz, H. 55, 63 p. (1975).Google Scholar
  59. HEITZ-WENIGER, A.: Bauhinia 5, 215–229 (1976).Google Scholar
  60. HEUBERGER, H.: Z. Gletscherkde. Glazialgeol. 8, 237–251 (1972).Google Scholar
  61. HOFMANN, B.: Geol. Karte v. Bayern 1:25000, Erläuter. Blatt Nr. 7439, Landshut Ost, 113 S. München: Bayer. Geol. Landesamt 1973.Google Scholar
  62. JALUT, G.: Evolution de la végétation et variations climatiques durant les quinze derniers millénaires dans l’extrémité orientale des Pyrénées. Thèse Univ. Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, 181 pp. (1974).Google Scholar
  63. JUNG, W.: Mitt. Bayer. Staatssamml. Hist. Geol. 16, 99–104 (1976).Google Scholar
  64. KAISER, K.F.: Mitt. Naturwiss. Ges. Winterthur 34, 25–42 (1970–1972).Google Scholar
  65. KLAUS, W.: (1) Jhb. Oberösterr. Musealver. 120, I, 315–344 (1975);Google Scholar
  66. KLAUS, W.: (2) Linzer biol. Beitr. 7/3, 329–369 (1975).Google Scholar
  67. KLIEWE, H.: Biul. Geologiczny 19, 119–126 (1975).Google Scholar
  68. KOENIGSWALD, W.v., MÜLLERBECK, H.J.: Quartär 26, 107–118 (1975).Google Scholar
  69. KOENIGSWALD, W.v., RÄHLE, W.: Eiszeitalter Gegenwart 26, 155–180 (1975).Google Scholar
  70. KOHL, H.: Jahrb. Oberösterr. Musealver. 121, I, 251–286 (1976).Google Scholar
  71. KOWALSKI, W.C.: Biul. Geologi-czny 19, 7–20 (1975).Google Scholar
  72. KÜTTEL, M.: Z. Gletscherkde. Glazialgeol. 10, 207–216 (1974).Google Scholar
  73. LOŽEK, V.: Newsl. Stratigr. 5, 44–54 (1976).Google Scholar
  74. LUMLEY, H. DE, MISKOVSKY, J.C.L., RENAULT-MISKOVSKY, J., GERBER, J.P.: 9e Congr. Intern. INQUA, Christchurch, Déc. 1973, 79–89 (1973).Google Scholar
  75. MAMAKOWA, K., MOOK, W.G., ŚRODOŃ, A.: Acta Palaeobot. 16, 147–172 (1975).Google Scholar
  76. MANGERUD, J.: Norges geol. Undersøkelse nr. 297, skrifter 7, 23 p. (1973).Google Scholar
  77. MARY, G., BEAULIEU, J.L. DE, MÉDUS, J.: (1) B.S.D.F. (7), 15, Nr. 1 (1973).Google Scholar
  78. MARY, G., MÉDUS, J., DÉLIBRIAS, G.: (2) Bull. Assoc, franç, étude Quatern. 11, 13–23 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. MESSERLI, B., ZUMBÜHL, H.J., AMMANN, K., KIENHOLZ, H., OESCHGER, H., PFISTER, C.H., ZURBUCHEN, M.: Z. Gletscherkde. Glazialgeol. 11, 3–110 (1975).Google Scholar
  80. MOLNAR, B., MURVAI, I.M.: Acta Mineral.-Petrogr. 22, 73–86 Szeged (1975).Google Scholar
  81. MOUTTE, P., TRIAT, H.: Ann. S.S.N.A.T.V., 154–161 (1968).Google Scholar
  82. MÜLLER, H.N.: Bull. Murithienne 12, 21–31 (1975).Google Scholar
  83. MULLENDERS, W.: Trav. Labor. Palynol. Phytosoc. Univ. Cathol. Louvain, 10 pp. (1975).Google Scholar
  84. NAPOLEONE, I., FOLLIERI, M.: Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 4, 143–148 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. PALUSKA, A.: (1) Mitt. Geol.-Paläontol. Inst. Univ. Hamburg, Sonderband Alster, 15–42 (1976);Google Scholar
  86. PALUSKA, A.: (2) Geol. Jahrb., Reihe A, H. 31, 3–96 (1976).Google Scholar
  87. PAQUEREAU, M.M., TEXIER, J.P.: C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, sér. D, 276, 2769–2772 (1973).Google Scholar
  88. PATZELT, G.: Colloques Internat. Centre Nat. Rech. Sci., Nr. 219, 51–59 (1973).Google Scholar
  89. PISSART, A., BASTIN, B., JUVIGNE, E., THOREZ, J.: Ann. Soc. Géol. Belgique 98, 415–439 (1975).Google Scholar
  90. PONS, A.: Ann. Fac. Sci. Marseille 41, 157–164 1968).Google Scholar
  91. RALSKA-JASIEWICZOWA, M., STARKEL, L.: Biul. Geologizny 19, 27–44 (1975).Google Scholar
  92. RAUSCH, K.A.: Flora 164, 235–282 (1975).Google Scholar
  93. REILLE, M.: Contribution pollenanalytique à l’histoire tardiglaciaire et holocene de la végétation de la Montagne Corse. Thèse Univ. Aix Marseille III, 206 pp. (1975).Google Scholar
  94. RENAULT-MISKOVSKY, J.: Etudes sur le Quatern. dans le Monde. Union Internat, étude Quatern., VIIIe Congr. INQUA, 265–269 (1969).Google Scholar
  95. RÖTHLISPERGER, F.: Die Alpen 52, 3/4, 59–152 (1976).Google Scholar
  96. SCHIRMER, W.: Biul. Geologiczny 19, 197–198 (1975).Google Scholar
  97. SCHMIDT, R.: (1) Linzer biol. Beitr. 7/2, 225–247 (1975);Google Scholar
  98. SCHMIDT, R.: (2) Der Schiern 50, 342–343 (1976);Google Scholar
  99. SCHMIDT, R.: (3) Linzer biol. Beitr. 8/2, 361–373 (1976).Google Scholar
  100. SCHNEEBELI, W.: Die Alpen 52, 3/4, 5–57 (1976).Google Scholar
  101. SOMOGYI, S.: Biul. Geologizny 19, 185–193 (1975).Google Scholar
  102. STARKEL, L.: Paleogeografia holo-cenu. 361 pp. Warszawa: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe 1977.Google Scholar
  103. TRIAT, H.: (1) Le Quaternaire, géodynamique, stratigr. et environnement. Trav. Franc, récents, 9e Congr. Intern. INQUA, Christchurch, Déc. 1973, 142–145 (1973);Google Scholar
  104. TRIAT, H.: (2) Ecologia Mediterranea Nr. 1. 109–121 (1974).Google Scholar
  105. VITA-FINZI, C.: Biul. Geologiczny 19, 137–147 (1975).Google Scholar
  106. WEGMÜLLER, H.P.: Bot. Jb. Syst. 97, 226–307 (1976).Google Scholar
  107. WEGMÜLLER, S.: Pollenanalytische Untersuchungen zur spät- und postglazialen Vegetationsgeschichte der französischen Alpen (Dauphiné). 185 S. Bern: Haupt 1977.Google Scholar
  108. WILLERDING, U.: Abh. Akad. Wiss. Göttingen, phil.-hist. Kl., 3. Folge, Nr. 101, 357–405 (1977).Google Scholar
  109. WOILLARD, G.: Acta Geogr. Lovaniensia 14, 118 p. (1975).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Burkhard Frenzel
    • 1
  1. 1.Botanisches Institut der UniversitätStuttgart 70Germany

Personalised recommendations