Applications and Suggestions

  • Renata Reisfeld
  • Christian Klixbüll Jørgensen
Part of the Inorganic Chemistry Concepts book series (INORGANIC, volume 1)


The two subjects of this book are on the one hand the (trivalent) lanthanides containing a partly filled 4f shell and emitting narrow spectral lines (to a certain extent imitating the behaviour of monatomic entities in a dilute gas) and on the other hand the stimulated emission of coherent laser light. Obviously, we can refer only very superficially to laser technology (giving a few references), but we want to devote a few pages to the discussion of future possibilities, especially those related to very high energy densities and to communications at very long distances. Finally, we shall make a few remarks about the distinct characteristics of spectroscopy of condensed matter (as compared with isolated atoms).


Atomic Unit Antiferromagnetic Coupling Thermonuclear Reaction Opaque Object Narrow Spectral Line 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    McWeeny, R.: Nature 243, 196 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Suess, H. E., Jensen, J. H. D.: Landolt-Börnstein, 6. Auflage, Band III: Astronomie und Geophysik. Berlin-Göttingen-Heidelberg: Springer 1952Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Trimble, V.: Rev. Mod. Phys. 47, 877 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Unsold, A.: Naturwiss. 63, 443 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Post, R. F., Ribe, F. L.: Science 186, 397 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Metz, W. D.: Science 192, 1320 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 6a.
    Metz, W. D.: Science 193, 38 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 6b.
    Metz, W. D.: Science 193, 307 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 7.
    Milam, D., Weber, M. J.: IEEE J. Quantum Electr. QE 12, 512 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 8.
    anonymous: SHIVA- the 10 kilojoule Nd: glass laser for the high energy laser facility. Livermore: University of California Lawrence Livermore Laboratory 1975Google Scholar
  11. 9.
    Dewhurst, R. J., Jacoby, D., Pert, G. J., Ramsden, S. A.: Phys. Rev. Letters 37, 1265 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 10.
    Jørgensen, C. K.: Oxidation Numbers and Oxidation States. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1969Google Scholar
  13. 11.
    Urbain, G.: Ann. chim. phys. (Paris) 18, 222 (1909)Google Scholar
  14. 11a.
    Urbain, G.: Ann. chim. phys. (Paris) 18, 289 (1909)Google Scholar
  15. 12.
    Brecher, C., Samelson, H., Lempicki, A., Riley, R., Peters, T.: Phys. Rev. 155, 178 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 13.
    Sovers, O. J., Yoshioka, T.: J. Chem. Phys. 51, 5330 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 14.
    Powell, C. J.: Rev. Mod. Phys. 48, 33 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 15.
    Siegbahn, K., Nordling, C., Johannson, G., Hedman, J., Hedén, P. F., Hamrin, K., Gelius, U., Bergmark, T., Werme, L. O., Manne, R., Baer, Y.: ESCA Applied to Free Molecules. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Co. 1969Google Scholar
  19. 16.
    Jørgensen, C. K., Berthou, H.: Chem. Phys. Letters 25, 21 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 17.
    Wagner, C. D.: Analyt. Chem. 44, 967 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 18.
    Berthou, H., Jørgensen, C. K.: J. Electron Spectr. 5, 935 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 19.
    Wagner, C. D.: Discuss. Faraday Soc. 60, 291 (1976)Google Scholar
  23. 20.
    Reisfeld, R., Jørgensen, C. K., Bornstein, A., Berthou, H.: Chimia (Zürich) 30, 451 (1976)Google Scholar
  24. 21.
    Blasse, G.: Structure and Bonding 26, 43 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 22.
    Gmelin’s Handbuch der Anorganischen Chemie, Ergänz. 8, Teil A2: Transurane, die Elemente. Weinheim: Verlag Chemie 1973Google Scholar
  26. 23.
    McArthur, D. A., Tollefsrud, P. B.: Appl. Phys. Letters 26, 187 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 24.
    Heimick, H. H Fuller, J. L. Schneider, R. T.: Appl. Phys. Letters 26, 327 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 25.
    Harry, J. E.: Industrial Lasers and their Applications. London: McGraw Hill 1974Google Scholar
  29. 26.
    Rosenberger, D.: Technische Anwendungen des Lasers. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1975Google Scholar
  30. 27.
    Shapiro, I. I., Counselman, C. C., King, R. W.: Phys. Rev. Letters 36, 555 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 28.
    Haugan, M. P., Will, C. M.: Phys. Rev. Letters 37, 1 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 29.
    Moesta, H.: Naturwiss. 63, 491 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 30.
    Jørgensen, C. K.: Revue chim. min. (Paris) 14, 127 (1977)Google Scholar
  34. 31.
    Strömgren, B.: Handbuch der Experimentalphysik 26, p. 361. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft 1937Google Scholar
  35. 32.
    Jørgensen, C. K.: Chem. Phys. Letters 11, 387 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 33.
    Harrison, E. R.: Nature 204, 271 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 34.
    Manning, P. G.: Chem. Soc. Rev. (London) 5, 233 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 35.
    Carlin, R. L., Van Duyneveldt, A. J.: Magnetic Properties of Transition Metal Compounds. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1977Google Scholar
  39. 36.
    Jørgensen, C. K.: Modern Aspects of Ligand Field Theory. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Co. 1971Google Scholar
  40. 37.
    Griffith, J. S.: Structure and Bonding 10, 87 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 38.
    Ammeter, J. H.: Chimia (Aarau) 29, 504 (1975)Google Scholar
  42. 39.
    Glerup, J.: Acta Chem. Scand. 26, 3775 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 40.
    Jørgensen, C. K.: Structure and Bonding 22, 49 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 41.
    Charlot-Koenig, M. F., Kahn, O.: Chem. Phys. Letters 41, 177 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 42.
    Linz, A., Newnham, R. E.: Phys. Rev. 123, 500 (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 43.
    Giidel, H. U.: Chem. Phys. Letters 36, 328 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 44.
    Ferguson, J., Güdel, H. U., Krausz, E. R.: Mol. Phys. 30, 1139 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 45.
    Varsanyi, F., Dieke, G. H.: Phys. Rev. Letters 7, 442 (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 46.
    Dieke, G. H., Dorman, E.: Phys. Rev. Letters 11, 17 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 47.
    Murphy, J., Ohlmann, R. C: Optical Properties of Ions in Crystals (eds. H. M. Crosswhite and H. W. Moss) p. 239. New York: Interscience (John Wiley) 1968Google Scholar
  51. 48.
    Faulhaber, R., Hiifner, S., Orlich, E., Schmidt, H., Schuchert, H.: Optical Properties of Ions in Crystals (eds. H. M. Crosswhite and H. W. Moss). New York: Interscience (John Wiley) 1968ibid., p. 329Google Scholar
  52. 49.
    Hasson, A., Hornreich, R. M., Komet, Y., Wanklyn, B. M., Yaeger, I.: Phys. Rev. B12, 5051 (1975)Google Scholar
  53. 50.
    Schugar, H. J., Solomon, E. I., Cleveland, W. L., Goodman, L.: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97, 6442 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 51.
    Sargent, M., Scully, M. O., Lamb, W. E.: Laser Physics. Reading (Mass.): Addison-Wesley 1974Google Scholar
  55. 52.
    Ewald, P. P.: Trans. Faraday Soc. 36, 313 (1930)Google Scholar
  56. 53.
    Macomber, J. D.: The Dynamics of Spectroscopic Transitions. New York: John Wiley 1976Google Scholar
  57. 54.
    Jørgensen, C. K.: Adv. Quantum Chem. 11, in pressGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renata Reisfeld
    • 1
  • Christian Klixbüll Jørgensen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Inorganic and Analytical ChemistryHebrew UniversityJerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Départment de Chimie minérale, analytique et appliquéeUniversité de GenèveSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations