Advertisement

Primary Production, Mat Formation and Lithification: Contribution of Oxygenic and Facultative Anoxygenic Cyanobacteria

  • W. E. Krumbein
  • Y. Cohen

Abstract

Recent algal stromatolites have been described by many authors (Gebelein, 1969; Golubic, 1973; Logan, 1961, 1964; Monty, 1967, 1972; Walter et al., 1973). Thermal algalmats have been described by Brock and Brock (1967), Castenholz (1973), Doemel and Brock (1974), Krumbein and Cohen (1974).

Keywords

Accretion Rate Filamentous Bacterium Scan Electron Microscopy Method Anoxygenic Photosynthesis Algal Filament 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Brock, T.D.: Evolutionary and ecological aspects of cyanophytes. In: The Biology of Blue-green Algae. Carr, N.G., Whitton, B.A. (eds.). London: Blackwell 1973, pp. 487–500.Google Scholar
  2. Brock, T.D., Brock, M.L.: The measurement of chlorophyll, primary productivity, photophosphorylation and macromolecules in benthic algal mats. Limnol. Oceanogr. 12, 600–605 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cohen, Y.: Dynamics of procaryotic photosynthetic communities of the Solar Lake. Ph. D. thesis, Jerusalem (1975), 125 p.Google Scholar
  4. Cohen, Y., Padan, E., Shilo, M.: Facultative anoxygenic photosynthesis in the cyanobacterium Oscillatoria limnetica. J. Bacteriol. 123, 855–861 (1975a).Google Scholar
  5. Cohen, Y., Jorgensen, B.B., Padan, E., Shilo, M.: Sulphide dependent anoxygenic photosynthesis in the cyanobacterium Oscillatoria limnetica. Nature 257, 489–492 (1975b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Castenholz, R.W.: Ecology of blue-green algae in hot springs. In: The Biology of Bluegreen Algae. Carr, N.G., Whittom, B.A. (eds.). Oxford: Blackwell 1973, p. 379–414.Google Scholar
  7. Doemel, W.N., Brock, T.D.: Bacterial stromatolites: Origin of laminations. Science 184, 1083–1085 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fenchel, T., Riedl, R.J.: The sulfide system: A new biotic community underneath the oxidized layer of marine sand bottoms. Mar. BioI. 7, 255–268 (1970).Google Scholar
  9. Friedman, G.M., Amiel, A.G., Brown, M., Miller, D.S.: Generation of carbonate particles and laminites in algal mats, example from sea-marginal pool gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Am. Ass. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 57, 541–557 (1973).Google Scholar
  10. Gebelein, C.D.: Distribution, morphology and accretion rate of recent algal stromatolites, Bermuda. J. Sed. Petrol. 39, 49–69 (1969).Google Scholar
  11. Golubic, S.: The relationship between blue-green algae and carbonate deposition. In: The Biology of Blue-green Algae. Carr, N.G., Whitton, B.A. (eds.). Oxford: Blackwell 1973, p. 434-472.Google Scholar
  12. Hartmann, M., MUller, P., Suess, E., Van der Weijden, C.H.: Oxidation of organic matter in recent sediments. Meteor Forsch.-Ergebnisse, Reihe C, 12, 74–86 (1973). J¢rgensen, B.B., Cohen, Y.: Solar Lake V Algal mats sulfur cycle. Limnol. Oceanogr. (in press).Google Scholar
  13. Jeprgensen, B.B., Fenchel, T.: The sulfur cycle of a marine sediment model system. Mar. BioI. 24, 189–201 (1974).Google Scholar
  14. Krumbein, W.E.: Sediment microbiology and grain size distribution as related to tidal movement, during the first mission of the German underwater laboratory "Helgoland". Marine Biol. 10, 101–102 (1971).Google Scholar
  15. Krumbein, W.E.: Mikrobiologische Untersuchungen zur Fiillung von Kalziumkarbonat aus Meerwasser. In: Bah (Ed.) Jahresberichte, Hamburg 1973, p. 50–54.Google Scholar
  16. Krumbein, W.E.: On the precipitation of aragonite on the surface of marine bacteria.Naturwissenschaften 61, 167 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Krumbein, W.E.: Biogenetic monohydrocalcite spherules in lake sediments of Lake Kivu(Africa) and the Solar Lake (Sinai). Sedimentology 22, 631–634 (1975).Google Scholar
  18. Krumbein, W.E., Cohen, Y.: Biogene, klastische und evaporitische Sedimentation in einem mesothermen, monomiktischen ufernahen See (Golf von Aqaba, Sinai). Geol. Rdsch. 63, 1035–1065 (1974).Google Scholar
  19. Krumbein, W.E., Cohen, Y., Shilo, M.: Solar Lake, Sinai: The stromatolotic algal mats. Limno!. Oceanogr. (in press).Google Scholar
  20. Logan B.W.: Cryptozoon and associated stromatolites from the recent Shark Bay, Australia. J. Geol. 69, 517–533 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Logan, B.W., Rezak, R., Ginsburg, R.N.: Classification and environmental significance of algal stromatolites. J. Geol. 72, 68–83 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Monty, C.L. V .. : Distribution and structure of recent stromatolitic algal mats, eastern Andros islands, Bahamas. Ann. Soc. Geol. Belg. 90, 55–99 (1967).Google Scholar
  23. Monty, C.V.L.: Recent algal stromatolitic deposits, Andros Islands, Bahamas. Preliminary report. Geol. Rdsch. 61, 742–783 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Schramm, W.: Kontinuierliche Messung der Assimilation und Atmung mariner Algen mittels der elektrochemischen Sauerstoffbestimmung. Helgol. Wiss. Meeresunters. 13, 275–287 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Walter, M.R.S., Golubic, S., Preiss, W.V.: Recent stromatolites from hydromagnesiteand aragonite depositing lakes, near Coorong Lagoon, South Australia. J. Sedimentol. Petrol. 43, 1021–1030(1973).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. E. Krumbein
    • 1
  • Y. Cohen
    • 2
  1. 1.OldenburgW. Germany
  2. 2.JerusalemIsrael

Personalised recommendations