Plastoquinone

  • J. Amesz
Part of the Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology book series (PLANT, volume 5)

Abstract

Plastoquinone was isolated nearly 30 years ago by Kofler from dried lucerne, but interest in its physiological function arose only in the late fifties, when it became known that a related substance, ubiquinone, is involved in mitochondrial electron transport. Plastoquinone was found to occur almost exclusively in photosynthetic material: algae (including blue-green algae) and the green parts of higher plants (Lester and Crane, 1959; Fuller et al., 1961; Barr and Crane, 1967; Sun et al., 1968). It does not occur in photosynthetic bacteria. It soon became apparent that plastoquinone is not a single substance, but that a variety of related substances can be isolated from green plant material. The most abundant (and probably most important) of these is plastoquinone A. Plastoquinone A, like ubiquinone, is a substituted benzoquinone; attached to the quinone ring are two methyl groups and a chain usually consisting of nine isoprenic groups (PQ-9, Fig. 1). Its structure was elucidated by Trenner et al. (1959) and Kofler et al. (1959). Plastoquinones with shorter side chains have also been isolated, from spinach chloroplasts by Misiti et al. (1965) (PQ-3) and by Eck and Trebst (1963) from chestnut leaves (PQ-4)

Keywords

Chlorophyll Photosynthesis Quinone NADP Chlorella 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1977

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  • J. Amesz

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