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Experience with Bioceramic Endoprostheses of the Hip Joint

  • M. Salzer
  • H. Locke
  • H. PlenkJr
  • G. Punzet
  • N. Stärk
  • K. Zweymüller

Abstract

As far as we know, the earliest mention of alumina as a material for endoprostheses was made in 1933 in a German patent (1) by Rock. In 1971 to 1972 Hulbert and his coworkers reported positive results of animal tests on porous alumina implants (2,3,4). The reaction of bone tissue to porous ceramics was also tested by Rhinelander and coworkers (5). In 1972 Predecki published results on experimental work on the kinetics of bone growth into cylindrical channels of titanium and alumina (6). In Germany, Heide and Hofmann reported the application of ceramics in medicine in 1972 (7). In 1973 Heimke et al. published results on testing implants of high-purity dense alumina (8). All this scientific work was concerned with “in vitro testing” of materials and with animal tests. In 1972 a publication was produced by Boutin reporting on human implantations of total hip joint endoprostheses (9). He described implants consisting of a metal stem on one side and of alumina ceramic ball and socket on the other. The ball of this implant is fixed to the stem. In a first stage, socket and stem were implanted in a conventional manner using bone cement. In 1975 he published a report on his further work doing implantation of the socket without bone cement (10).

Keywords

Bone Cement Durable Fixation Animal Test Porous Ceramic Biomedical Material Research 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Salzer
  • H. Locke
  • H. PlenkJr
  • G. Punzet
  • N. Stärk
  • K. Zweymüller

There are no affiliations available

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