Standing Crop and Calorific Content in Invertebrates from Hardangervidda

  • S. J. Næss
  • A. L. Steigen
  • T. Solhøy
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 17)

Abstract

During investigations of Norwegian IBP at the Hardangervidda alpine plateau, measurements of abundance, standing crop and calorific content of invertebrates were carried out at the dry meadow, wet meadow and lichen heath at Stigstuv (site description in Sonesson et al., 1975). The aim was to reveal any patterns in fluctuations in individuals and community standing crop. It was also of great interest to compare values from Hardangervidda to results obtained in more temperate areas.

Keywords

Biomass Migration Assimilation Calorimeter Lism 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Edwards, C.A., Reichle, D.E., Crossley, D. A., Jr.: The role of soil inverbetrates in turnover of organic matter and nutrients. In: Reichle, D.E. (Ed.): Analysis of temperate forest ecosystems. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1970.Google Scholar
  2. Grimm, R.: Zum Energieumsatz phytophager Insekten im Buchenwald. I. Oecologia 11, 187–262(1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Gyllenberg, G.: The energy flow through a Chorthippus parallelus (Zett.) (Orthoptera) population on a meadow in Tvärminne, Finland. Acta Zool. Fennica 123, 1–74 (1969).Google Scholar
  4. Hågvar, S., Østbyë, E.: Oxygen consumption, caloric values, water and ash content of some dominant terrestrial arthropods from alpine habitats at Finse, South Norway. Norsk Ent. Tidsskr. 21, 117–126(1974).Google Scholar
  5. Hinton, J.M.: Energy flow in a natural population of Neophilaenus lineatus (Homoptera). Oikos 22, 155–171 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hofsvang, T.: Energy flow in Tipula excisa Schum. (Diptera, Tipulidae) in a high mountain area, Finse, South Norway. Norwegian J. Zool. 21, 7–16 (1973).Google Scholar
  7. Kauri, H., Moldung, T., Solhøy, T.: Turnbull and Nicholl’s “Quick Trap” for aquiring standing crop of evertebrates in high mountain grassland communities. Norsk Ent. Tidsskr. 16, 133–136(1969).Google Scholar
  8. Phillipson, J.: A miniature bomb calorimeter for small biological samples. Oikos 15, 130–139(1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Riegert, P.W., Varley, J.L., Dunn, B.C.: Above-ground invertebrates: IV. Populations and energetics of spiders. Technical Report 57, Matador Project. Saskatoon: Can. Commun. IBP 1974.Google Scholar
  10. Skartveit, A., Rydén, B.E., Kärenlampi, L.: Climate and hydrology of some Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems. In: Wielgolaski, F.E. (Ed.): Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems. Part 1: Plants and microorganisms, pp.41–53. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1975.Google Scholar
  11. Solhøy, T., Østbye, E., Kauri, H., Hagen, A., Lien, L., Skar, H.J.: Faunal structure of Har-dangervidda, Norway. In: Wielgolaski, F.E. (Ed.): Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems. Part 2: Animals and systems analysis, pp. 29–45. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1975.Google Scholar
  12. Sonesson, M., Wielgolaski, F.E., Kallio, P.: Description of Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems. In: Wielgolaski, F.E. (Ed.): Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems. Part 1: Plants and microorganisms, pp. 3–28. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1975.Google Scholar
  13. Steigen, A.L.: Energetics in a population of Par dosa palustris (L.) (Araneae, Lycosidae) on Hardangervidda. In: Wielgolaski, F.E. (Ed.): Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems. Part 2: Animals and systems analysis, pp. 129–144. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1975.Google Scholar
  14. Van Hook, R. I., Jr.: Energy and nutrient dynamics of spider and orthopteran populations in a grassland ecosystem. Ecol. Monogr. 41, 1–26 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Webber, P.J.: Tundra primary productivity. In: Ives, J.B., Barry, R.G. (Eds.): Arctic and alpine environments. London: Methuen 1974.Google Scholar
  16. Wiegert, R.G.: Population energetics of meadow spittlebugs (Philaeunus spumarius L.) as affected by migration and habitat. Ecol. Monogr. 34, 217–241 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Wiegert, R.G.: Energy dynamics of the grasshopper populations in old field and alfalfa field ecosystems. Oikos 16, 161–176 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Wielgolaski, F.E., Kjelvik, S.: Energy content and use of solar radiation of Fennoscandian tundra plants. In: Wielgolaski, F.E. (Ed.): Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems. Part 1: Plants and microorganisms, pp.201–207. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1975.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. J. Næss
  • A. L. Steigen
  • T. Solhøy

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations