Advertisement

Cell Physiology Cell Electrophysiology and Membrane Transport

  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Bentrup
Chapter
  • 55 Downloads
Part of the Progress in Botany / Fortschritte der Botanik book series (BOTANY, volume 37)

Abstract

In recent years, after the big swing from the cell center to its periphery, ideas and techniques of electrophysiology and membrane transport have invaded virtually all fields of plant physiology. This review, like its predecessor (Fortschr. Botan. 33, 51) 1, will confine itself to the cell level where most problems can be treated numerically; the involved quantities, i.e. conductances for particular ions, are clearly empirical and far from any molecular definition. However, they proved to be adequate to localize subcellularly and characterize the function of a particular signal, say, light or a hormone, within the network of the numerous membrane-bound interdependent compartments of a plant cell. This appears to be a major conclusion from symposia in 1972 and 1974 (edited by ANDERSON, 1, and ZIMMERMANN and DAINTY, resp.), devoted solely to membrane transport in plant cells. Textbooks have been written by LÜTTGE and by CLARKSON. Pertinent reviews will be cited below.

Keywords

Membrane Transport Diffusive Regime Membrane Biol Membrane Trans Carrier Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. ALLEN, R.D., JACOBSEN, L., JOAQUIN, J., JAFFE, L.F.: Dev. Biol. 27, 538–545 (.1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. (1).
    ANDERSON, W.P.: (ed.), Ion Transport in Plants. London-New York: Academic Press 1973Google Scholar
  3. (2).
    ANDERSON, W.P.: Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 23, 51–72 (1972).Google Scholar
  4. (1).
    ANDERSON, W.P., HENDRIX, D.L., HIGINBOTHAM, N.: Plant Physiol. 53, 122–124 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. (2).
    ANDERSON, W.P., HENDRIX, D.L., HIGINBOTHAM, N.: Plant Physiol. 54, 712–716 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. BALKE, N.E., HEVEN SZE, LEONARD, R.T., HODGES, T.K.: Cation Sensitivity of the Plasma Membrane ATPase of Oat Roots, pp.301–306. In: Membrane Transport in Plants (eds. U. ZIMMERMANN, J. DAINTY). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974.Google Scholar
  7. (1).
    BARBER, J., SHIEH, Y.J.: J. Exp. Botany 23, 627–636 (1972)Google Scholar
  8. (2).
    BARBER, J., SHIEH, Y.J.: Planta 111, 13–22 (1973).Google Scholar
  9. BEN-TRUP, F.W.: Ber. Deut. Botan. Ges. 87, 515–528 (1974).Google Scholar
  10. (1).
    BENTRUP, F.W., GRATZ, H.J., UNBEHAUEN, H.: The Membrane Potential of Vallisneria Leaf Cells: Evidence for Light-Dependent Proton Permeability Changes, pp. 171–182. In: Ion Transport in Plants (ed. W.P. ANDERSON). London-New York: Academic Press 1973.Google Scholar
  11. (2).
    BENTRUP, F.W., PFRüNER, H., WAGNER, G.: Planta 110, 369–372 (1973).Google Scholar
  12. BERMAN, H.J., HEBERT, N.C. (eds.): Ion-selective Microelectrodes. In: Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 50, 202 pp. New York-London: Plenum Press 1974.Google Scholar
  13. BERNHARDT, J., PAULY, H.: Rad. and Environm. Biophys. 11, 91–109 (1974).Google Scholar
  14. (1).
    BOWLING, D.J.F.: Planta 108, 147–151 (1972)Google Scholar
  15. (2).
    BOWLING, D.J.F.: Measurements of Intracellular pH in Roots Using a H+ Sensitive Microelectrode, pp. 386–390. In: Membrane Transport in Plants (eds. U. ZIMMERMANN, J. DAINTY). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974.Google Scholar
  16. BRENNECKE, R., LINDEMANN, B.: T.-I.-T. J. Life Sci. 1, 53–58 (1971).Google Scholar
  17. BRINCKMANN, E., LüTTGE, U.: Planta 119, 47–57 (1974).Google Scholar
  18. BROWN, K.T., FLAMING, D.G.: Science 185, 693–695 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. BüNNING, E., MOSER, I.: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. US 69, 2732–2733 (1972).Google Scholar
  20. BULYCHEV, A.A., ANDRIANOV, V.K., KURELLA, G.A., LITVIN, F.F.: Nature 236, 175–176 (1972).Google Scholar
  21. CAMMANN, K.: Das Arbeiten mit ionenselektiven Elektroden, 226 pp. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  22. CLARKSON, D.: Ion Transport and Cell Structure in Plants, 350 pp. London-New York: McGraw Hill 1974.Google Scholar
  23. COHEN, L.B., SLAZBERG, B.M., DAVILA, H.V., ROSS, W.N., LANDOWNE, D., WAGGONER, A.S., WANG, C.H.: J. Membrane Biol. 19, 1–36 (1974).Google Scholar
  24. (1).
    COSTER, H.G.L.: Australian J. Biol. Sci. 22, 365–374 (1969)Google Scholar
  25. (2).
    COSTER, H.G.L.: Biophys. J. 13, 118–132 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. (3).
    COSTER, H.G.L.: Biophys. J. 13, 133–142 (.1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. COSTER, H.G.L., SMITH, J.R.: The Effect of pH on the Low Frequency Capacitance of the Membranes of Chara corallina, pp. 154–161. In: Membrane Transport in Plants (eds. U. Zimmermann, J. Dainty). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974.Google Scholar
  28. (1).
    COSTER, H.G.L., ZIMMERMANN, U.: Z. Naturforsch. 30c, 77–79 (1975)Google Scholar
  29. (2).
    COSTER, H.G.L., ZIMMERMANN, U.: Biochim. Biophys. Acta 373, 444–452 (1975)Google Scholar
  30. (3).
    COSTER, H.G.L., ZIMMERMANN, U.: J. Membrane Bio. (in press).Google Scholar
  31. (1).
    U J.: Chloride Transport in Vesicles, Implications of Colchicine Effects on Cl- Influx in Chara, and Cl- Exchange Kinetics in Maize Root Tips, pp. 419–426. In: Ion Transport in Plants (ed.,W.P. Anderson). London-New York: Academic Press 1973Google Scholar
  32. (2).
    CRAM, J.: Australian J. Biol. Sci. 26, 757–779 (1973).Google Scholar
  33. DAVIS, R.F.: Photoinduced Changes in Electrical Potentials and H Activities of the Chloroplast, Cytoplasm, and Vacuole of Phaeoaeros laevis, pp. 197–201. In: Membrane Transport in Plants (eds. U. ZIMMERMANN, J. DAINTY). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974.Google Scholar
  34. ENGEL, E., BARCILON, V., EISENBERG, R.S.: Biophys. J. 12, 384–403 (.1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. ERNAU, M.C.: Plant Physiol. 53, 772–774 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. FELLE, H.: Analyse der lichtinduzierten Membranpotentiale bei Riccia fluitans. Ph. D. Thesis Universität Tübingen. Tübingen: 1974.Google Scholar
  37. (1).
    FELLE, EU, BèNTRUP, F.W.: Light-Dependent Changes of Membrane Potential and Conductance in Riccia fluitans, pp. 120–125. In: Membrane Transport in Plants (eds. U. Zimmermann, J. Dainty). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974Google Scholar
  38. (2).
    FELLE, EU, BèNTRUP, F.W.: Ber. Deut. Botan. Ges. 87 (in press).Google Scholar
  39. FERRIS, C.D.: Introduction to Bioelectrodes. 243 pp. New York: Plenum Press 1974.Google Scholar
  40. FINDLAY, G.P., HOPE, A.B., PITMAN, M.G., SMITH, F.A., WALKER, N.A.: Australian J. Biol. Sci. 24, 731–745 (1971).Google Scholar
  41. FINKELSTEIN, A.: Biophys. J. 4, 421–440 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. GERSON, D.F., POOLE, R.J.: Plant Physiol. 48, 509–511 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. GILLET, C., LEFEBVRE, J.: Combined Effect of Potassium and Bicarbonate Ions on the Membrane Potential and Electric Conductance of Nitella flexilis, pp. 101–112. In: Ion Transport in Plants (ed. W.P. ANDERSON). London-New York: Academic Press 1973.Google Scholar
  44. GOLDSMITH, M.H.M., FERNáNDEZ, H.R., GOLDSMITH, T.H.: Planta 102, 302–323 (1972).Google Scholar
  45. (1).
    GORDON, W.: J. Membrane Biol. 8, 97–107 (1972)Google Scholar
  46. (2).
    GORDON, W.: J. Membrane Biol. 10, 193–205 (1972).Google Scholar
  47. GRADMANN, D., KLEMKE, W.: Current-Voltage Relationship of the Electro-genie Pump in Acetabnlaria meditervanea, pp. 131–138. In: Membrane Transport In Plants (eds. U. ZIMMERMANN, J. DAINTY). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974.Google Scholar
  48. GRADMANN, D., WAGNER, G., GLäSEL, R.M.: Biochim. Biophys. Acta 323, 151–155 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. HAGER, A., MENZEL, H., KRAUSS, A.: Planta 100, 47–75 (1971).Google Scholar
  50. HANSEN, U.P.: Preliminary Results of an Approach to the Quantitative Description of the Action of Light on the Membrane Potential of Nitella, pp. 139–145. In: Membrane Transport in Plants (eds. U. ZIMMERMANN, J. DAINTY). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974.Google Scholar
  51. HANSEN, U.P., GRADMANN, D.: Plant Cell Physiol. 12, 335–348 (1971).Google Scholar
  52. HANSEN, U.P., WARNCKE, J., KEUNECKE, P.: Biophysik 9, 197–207 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. HAROLD, F.M.: Bacteriol. Rev. 36, 172–230 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. HARTMANN, E.: Physiol. Plantarum 33, 266–275 (1975).Google Scholar
  55. HASCHKE, H.P., Lüttge, Ü.: Z. Naturforsch. 28c, 555–558 (1973).Google Scholar
  56. HIGINBOTHAM, N.: Botan. Rev. 39, 15–69 (1973).Google Scholar
  57. HIGINBOTHAM, N., ANDERSON, W.P.: Can. J. Botan. 52, 1011–1021 (1974).Google Scholar
  58. (1).
    HILL, A.E., HILL, B.S.: J. Membrane Biol. 12, 129–144 (1973)Google Scholar
  59. (2).
    HILL, A.E., HILL, B.S.: J. Membrane Biol. 12, 145–158 (1973).Google Scholar
  60. ICHINO, K., KATOU, K., OKAMOTO, H.: Plant Cell Physiol. 14, 127–137 (1973).Google Scholar
  61. ILAN, I.: Physiol. Plantarurn 25, 230–233 (1971).Google Scholar
  62. JACOBSON, S.L.: Can. J. Botan. 52, 1293–1302 (1974).Google Scholar
  63. JAFFE, L.F.: J. Theoret. Biol. 48, 11–18 (1974).Google Scholar
  64. JAFFE, L.F., NUCCITELLI, R.: Cell Biol. 63, 614–628 (1974).Google Scholar
  65. (1).
    JAFFE, L.F., ROBINSON, K.R., NUCCITELLI, R.: Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 238, 372–389 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. (2).
    JAFFE, L.F., ROBINSON, K.R., NUCCITELLI, R.: Transcellular Currents and Ion Fluxes through Developing Fucoid Eggs, pp. 226–233. In: Ion Transport in Plants (ed. W.P. ANDERSON). London-New York: Academic Press 1973.Google Scholar
  67. (1).
    KISHIMOTO, U.: Advan. Biophys. 3, 199–226 (1972)Google Scholar
  68. (2).
    KISHIMOTO, U.: Japan. J. Physiol. 24, 403–417 (1974).Google Scholar
  69. (1).
    KITASATO, H.: J. Gen. Physiol. 52, 60–87 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. (2).
    KITASATO, H.: J. Gen. Physiol. 62, 535–549 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. KOMOR, E.: Febs Letters 38, 16–18 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. (1).
    KOMOR, E., TANNER, W.: J. Gen. Physiol. 64, 568–581 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. (2).
    KOMOR, E., TANNER, W.: Z. Pflanzenphysiol. 71, 115–128 (1974).Google Scholar
  74. LANGMüLLER, G., SPRINGER-LEDERER, H.: Planta 120, 189–196 (1974).Google Scholar
  75. LEIGH, R.A., JONES, R.G.W., WILLIAMSON, F.A.: Ion Fluxes and Ion-Stimulated ATPase Activities, pp. 307–316. In: Membrane Transport in Plants (eds. U. ZIMMERMANN, J. DAINTY). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974.Google Scholar
  76. LüTTGE, U.: Stofftransport der Pflanzen, 280 pp. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  77. LüTTGE, U., BALL, E., V. WILLERT, K.: Z. Pflanzenphysiol. 65, 336–350 (1971).Google Scholar
  78. LüTTGE, Ü., ZIRKE, G.: J. Membrane Biol. 18, 305–314 (1974).Google Scholar
  79. MACROBBIE, E.A.C.: J. Exp. Botany 22, 487–502 (1971).Google Scholar
  80. MANSFIELD, T.A., JONES, R.J.: Planta 101, 147–158 (1971).Google Scholar
  81. (1).
    MARRè, E., LADO, P., FERRONI, A., BALLARIN DENTI, A.: Plant Sci. Letters 2, 257–265 (1974)Google Scholar
  82. (1).
    MARRè, E., LADO, P., FERRONI, A., BALLARIN DENTI, A.: Plant Sci. Letters 2, 257–265 (1974)Google Scholar
  83. MARRè, E., LADO, P., RASI-CALDOGNO, F., COLOMBO, R., DE MICHELIS, M.I.: Plant Sci. Letters 3, 365–379 (1974).Google Scholar
  84. NAKAGAWA, S., KATAOKA, H., TAZAWA, M.: Plant Cell Physiol. 15, 457–468 (1974).Google Scholar
  85. NELLES, A.: Biol. Rundschau 11, 152–155 (1973).Google Scholar
  86. NEWMAN, I.A., BRIGGS, W.R.: Plant Physiol. 50, 687–693 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. (1).
    NOVáK, B., BENTRUP, F.W.: Planta 108, 227–244 (1972)Google Scholar
  88. (2).
    NOVáK, B., BENTRUP, F.W.: Biophysik 9, 253–260 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. NUCCITELLI, R., JAFFE, L.F.: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. US 71, 4855–4859 (1974).Google Scholar
  90. ODA, K., ABE, T.: Botan. Mag. (Tokyo) 85, 135–145 (1972).Google Scholar
  91. PENNY, M.G., BOWLING, D.J.F.: Planta 122, 209–212 (1975).Google Scholar
  92. (1).
    PICKARD, B.G.: Botan. Rev. 39, 172–201 (1973)Google Scholar
  93. (2).
    PICKARD, B.G.: Naturwissenschaften 61, 60–64 (1974).Google Scholar
  94. (1).
    PICKARD, W.F.: Math. Biosciences 10, 201–213 (1971)Google Scholar
  95. (2).
    PICKARD, W.F.: Math. Biosciences 10, 307–328 (1971).Google Scholar
  96. PITMAN, M.G., CRAM, W.J.: Regulation of Inorganic Ion Transport in Plants, pp. 465–481. In: Ion Transport in Plants (ed. W.P. ANDERSON). London-New York: Academic Press 1973.Google Scholar
  97. PITMAN, M.G., SCHAEFER, N., WILDES, R.A.: Effect of Abscisic Acid on Fluxes of Ion in Barley Roots, pp. 391–396. In: Membrane Transport in Plants (eds. U. ZIMMERMANN, J. DAINTY). Berlin-Heidelberg New York: Springer 1974.Google Scholar
  98. POOLE, R.J.: Can. J. Botany 52, 1023–1028 (1974).Google Scholar
  99. RADDA, G.K., VANDERKOOI, J.: Biochim. Biophys. Acta 265, 509–549 (1972).Google Scholar
  100. RAPOPORT, S.I.: Biophys. J. 10, 246–259 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. RASCHKE, K., HUMBLE, G.D.: Planta 115, 47–57 (1973).Google Scholar
  102. RAVEN, J.A.: Membrane Biol. 6, 89–107 (1971).Google Scholar
  103. (1).
    RAVEN, J.A., SMITH, F.A.: The Regulation of Intracellular pH as a Fundamental Biological Process, pp. 271–278. In: Ion Transport in Plants (ed. W.P. ANDERSON). London-New York: Academic Press 1973Google Scholar
  104. (2).
    RAVEN, J.A., SMITH, F.A.: Can. J. Botany 52, 1035–1048 (1974).Google Scholar
  105. REED, N.R., BONNER, B.A.: Planta 116, 173–185 (1974).Google Scholar
  106. RENT, R., JOHNSON, R.A., BARR, C.E.: J. Membrane Biol. 7, 231–244 (1972).Google Scholar
  107. RICHARDS, J.L., HOPE, A.B.: J. Membrane Biol. 16, 121–144 (1974).Google Scholar
  108. (1).
    ROBINSON, K.R., JAFFE, L.F.: Develop. Biol. 35, 349–361 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. (2).
    ROBINSON, K.R., JAFFE, L.F.: Science 187, 70–72 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. RUBINSTEIN, B., LIGHT, E.N.: Planta 110, 43–56 (1973).Google Scholar
  111. (1).
    SATTER, R.L., GEBALLE, G.T., APPLEWHITE, P.B., GALSTON, A.W.: J. Gen. Physiol. 64, 413–430 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. (2).
    SATTER, R.L., GEBALLE, G.T., APPLEWHITE, P.B., GALSTON, A.W.: J. Gen. Physiol. 64, 413–430 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. SATTER, R.L., GEBALLE, G.T., GALSTON, A.W.: J. Gen. Physiol. 64, 432–442 (1974).Google Scholar
  114. SIBAOKA, T.: Botan. Mag. (Tokyo) 86, 51–61 (1973).Google Scholar
  115. (1).
    SLAYMAN, C.L.: J. Gen. Physiol. 49, 69–92 (1965)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. (2).
    SLAYMAN, C.L.: Proton Pumping and Generalized Energetics of Transport: A Review, pp. 107–119. In: Membrane Transport in Plants (eds. U. ZIMMERMANN, J. DAINTY). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974.Google Scholar
  117. SLAYMAN, C.L., SLAYMAN, C.W.: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. US 71, 1935–1939 (1974).Google Scholar
  118. SLAYMAN, C.L., LONG, W.S., LU, C.Y.-H.: J. Membrane Biol. 14, 305–338 (1973).Google Scholar
  119. SMITH, F.A.: New Phytologist 71, 595–601 (1972).Google Scholar
  120. (1).
    SPANSWICK, R.M.: Electrogenesis in Photosynthetic Tissues, pp. 113–128. In: Ion Transport in Plants (ed. W.P. ANDERSON). London-New York: Academic Press 1973.Google Scholar
  121. (2).
    SPANSWICK, R.M.: Biochim. Biophys. Acta 288, 73–89 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. (3).
    SPANSWICK, R.M.: Planta 102, 215–227 (1972).Google Scholar
  123. SQUIRE, G.R., MANSFIELD, T.A.: Planta 105, 71–78 (1972).Google Scholar
  124. SWEENEY, B.M.: Plant Physiol. 53, 337–342 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. (1).
    THROM, G.: Planta 112, 273–284 (1973)Google Scholar
  126. (2).
    THROM, G.: Biol. Zbl. 92, 193–209 (1973).Google Scholar
  127. TROMBALLA, H.W.: Planta 117, 339–348 (1974).Google Scholar
  128. TURNER, N.C.: Am. J. Botany 60, 717–725 (1973).Google Scholar
  129. UEDA, T., MURATSUGU, M., INOUE, I., KOBATAKE, Y.: J, Membrane Biol. 18, 177–186 (1974).Google Scholar
  130. VAN STEVENINCK, R.F.M.: Hormonal Regulation of Ion Transport in Parenchyma Tissue, pp. 450–456. In: Membrane Transport in Plants (eds. U. ZIMMERMANN, J. DAINTY). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974.Google Scholar
  131. VREDENBERG, W.J.: Hormonal Regulation of Ion Transport in Parenchyma Tissue, pp. 450–456. In: Membrane Transport in Plants (eds. U. ZIMMERMANN, J. DAINTY). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974. pp. 126–130.Google Scholar
  132. VREDENBERG, W.J., TONK, W.J.: (1) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 298, 354–368 (1973)Google Scholar
  133. VREDENBERG, W.J., TONK, W.J.: (2) FEBS Letters 42, 236–240 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. (1).
    WAGNER, G.: Light-Dependent Ion Fluxes in Mougeotia: Control by Photosynthesis, not by Phytochrome, pp. 186–191. In: Membrane Transport in Plants (eds. U. ZIMMERMANN, J. DAINTY). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974Google Scholar
  135. (2).
    WAGNER, G.: Planta 118, 145–157 (1974).Google Scholar
  136. WALKER, N.A.: Planta 118, 173–179 (.1974).Google Scholar
  137. WALKER, N.A., SMITH, F.A.: Plant Sci. Letters 4, 125–132 (1975).Google Scholar
  138. WEISENSEEL, M., HAUPT, W.: The Phytomorphogenic Pigment Phytochrome: A Membrane Effector?, pp. 427–434. In: Membrane Transport in Plants (eds. U. ZIMMERMANN, J. DAINTY). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974.Google Scholar
  139. (1).
    WEISENSEEL, M.H., JAFFE, L.F.: Develop. Biol. 27, 555–574 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. (2).
    WEISENSEEL, M.H., JAFFE, L.F.: Exp. Cell. Res. 89, 55–62 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. (1).
    WILLIAMS, S.E., PICKARD, B.G.: Planta 103, 193–221 (1972)Google Scholar
  142. (2).
    WILLIAMS, S.E., PICKARD, B.G.: Planta 103, 222–240 (1972)Google Scholar
  143. (3).
    WILLIAMS, S.E., PICKARD, B.G.: Planta 116, 1–16 (1974).Google Scholar
  144. ZIMMERMANN, U., DAINTY, J. (eds.): Membrane Transport in Plants. 473 pp. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974.Google Scholar
  145. (1).
    ZIMMERMANN, U., STEUDLE, E.: Marine Biol. 11, 132–137 (1971)Google Scholar
  146. (2).
    ZIMMERMANN, U., STEUDLE, E.: J. Membrane Biol. 16, 331–352 (1974).Google Scholar
  147. (1).
    ZIMMERMANN, U., PILWAT, G., RIEMANN, F.: Biophys. J. 14, 881–899 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  148. (2).
    ZIMMERMANN, U., PILWAT, G., RIEMANN, F.: Dielectric Breakdown of Cell Membranes, pp. 146–153. In: Membrane Transport in Plants (eds. U. ZIMMERMANN, J. DAINTY). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1974.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Bentrup
    • 1
  1. 1.Abteilung BiophysikInstitut für Biologie I der UniversitätTübingenGermany

Personalised recommendations