Myocardial and Endocardial Pacing Systems — An Appraisal

  • M. Bilitch

Abstract

There are two surgical approaches for permanent ventricular cardiac stimulation. The objective in both is the placement of an electrode (cathode) or electrodes (cathode and anode) in a position to effect myocardial stimulation with a minimal quantity of pulsed electrical energy over a long term (Fig. 1).

Keywords

Catheter Immobilization Perforation Endocarditis 

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin-Heidelberg 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Bilitch

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