Electrochemical Aspects of Pacing Electrodes

  • W. Mindt
  • M. Schaldach


Attempts to extend the lifetime of implantable cardiac pacemakers are presently focused on the development of new and improved power sources. An alternative possibility which has as yet not been fully explored, is to decrease the consumption of electrical energy needed for the stimulation process. This is primarily a matter of reducing the energy requirement of the stimulating electrode, since the electronic circuits of the pacemakers presently in use are already optimal with respect to low electrical energy consumption.


Stimulate Electrode Spherical Electrode Electrode Radius Pace Electrode Surface Redox Reaction 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin-Heidelberg 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Mindt
  • M. Schaldach

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