Effect of Raised Intracranial Pressure on Pulmonary Function in Cats

  • Julian Hoff
  • Merry Nishimura
  • Lawrence Pitts


Some regard the Cushing response as a pathophysiologic curiosity of remote clinical value (1, 2, 3). Rising blood pressure and falling heart rate from intracranial pressure (ICP) elevation usually appear in moribund patients with severe brain injury who have little chance of recovery. Respiratory changes, on the other hand, appear earlier when patients deteriorate (4), suggesting different response thresholds for elements of the Cushing response.

Key words

Cushing response threshold cerebral perfusion pressure 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julian Hoff
  • Merry Nishimura
  • Lawrence Pitts

There are no affiliations available

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