Clinical Experiences with Evoked Response Audiometry

  • F. Zöllner
  • G. Stange
Part of the Handbook of Sensory Physiology book series (SENSORY, volume 5 / 3)

Abstract

Early diagnosis of impaired hearing and evaluation of remaining residual hearing are important in planning effective therapy for all patients and, particulary, for children. This chapter will be concerned primarily with clinical experiences with children.

Keywords

Respiration Hydrochloride Neurol Streptomycine Valium 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aran, J.M.: L’électro-cochléogramme. I. Principe et technique. Les Cahiers de la C.F.A., No. 12, Paris 1971.Google Scholar
  2. Aran, J.M.: L’électro-cochléogramme. II. Résultats. Les Cahiers de la C.F.A., No. 13, Paris 1971.Google Scholar
  3. Aran, J.M.: The electrocochleogram. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 198, 128–141 (1971).Google Scholar
  4. Barnet, A.B.: Evoked response audiometry in 241 normal and hearing impaired children under three years. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 198, 154–157 (1971).Google Scholar
  5. Barnet, A.B., Goodwin, R.S.: Averaged evoked electroencephalographic responses to click in the human newborn. Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol. 18, 441–450 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Beagly, H. A.: The role of ERA in the diagnosis of receptive aphasia. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 198, 152–153 (1971).Google Scholar
  7. Beagly, H.A., Forteen, A.M., Gordon, A.G.: Clinical experience of evoked response testing with sedation. Sound 6, 8–13 (1972).Google Scholar
  8. Beagly, H.A., Kellog, S.E.: Comparison of evoked response and subjective auditory thresholds. Int. Audiol. 8, 345–353 (1969).Google Scholar
  9. Beagly, H.A., Kellog, S.E.: Amplitude of the auditory evoked response at high intensities. Sound 4, 86–90 (1971).Google Scholar
  10. Beagly, H.A., Knight, J.J.: Changes in auditory evoked response with intensity. Rep. Inst. Laryng. Otol. 17, 263–275 (1966/67).Google Scholar
  11. Benning, C.D., Karnahl, Th., Stange, G.: ERA-Kennlinien und Latenzen bei 15 normalhörenden Kleinkindern. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 201, 222–230 (1972).Google Scholar
  12. Berger, H.: Das Elektroencephalogramm des Menschen. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF. 6, No. 38 (1938).Google Scholar
  13. Biesalski, P.: Fachärztliche Untersuchung hörgeschädigter Säuglinge und Kleinkinder. Hörgeschädigte Kinder 1, 6–8 (1966).Google Scholar
  14. Biesalski, P.: Durchführung und Beurteilung der Säuglingsaudiometrie. In La surdité du premier age, pp. 164–170. Besancon 1969.Google Scholar
  15. Biesalski, P., Holm, C.: Pädaudiologische Therapie als klinischer Aufgabenbereich. Z. Laryng. Rhinol. 45, 52–60 (1966).Google Scholar
  16. Biesalski, P., Leitner, H.: Weitere klinische Erfahrungen mit der Electric-Response-Audiometrie (Audio EEG) bei hörgeschädigten Kindern. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.- Heilk. 199, 551–552 (1971).Google Scholar
  17. Bickford, R. G., Jacobson, J.L., Cody, D.T.R.: Nature of average evoked potentials to sound and other stimuli in man. In: Kathmann, Whipple (Eds.): Sensory evoked response in man Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 112, 204–223 (1964).Google Scholar
  18. Bordley, J. E.: An evaluation of the psychogalvanic skin-resistance-technic in audiometry. Laryngoscope (St. Louis) 66, 1162 (1956).Google Scholar
  19. Bordley, J. E., Hardy, W.G., Richter, C.P.: Audiometry with use of galvanic skin-resistance response. Bul. Johns. Hopk. Hosp. 82, 569 (1948).Google Scholar
  20. Borsanyi, J.S.: Some aspects of auditory evoked potentials in man. Ann. Otol. (St. Louis) 73, 61–71 (1964).Google Scholar
  21. Burian, K., Gestring, G.F.: Discrepancies between subjective and objective acoustic thresholds. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 198, 73–82 (1971).Google Scholar
  22. Burian, K., Gestring, G.F., Hruby, S.: Die Interaktion sensorischer Reize im Rahmen der objektiven Hörschwellenbestimmung. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 192, 116–123 (1968).Google Scholar
  23. Burian, K., Gestring, G.F., Hruby, S.: Clinical experience with the EEG-Computer audiometry. Int. Audiol. 8, 633–638 (1969).Google Scholar
  24. Butler, R.A.: Effect of changes in stimulus frequency and intensity on habituation of the human vertex potential. J. acoust. Soc. Amer. 44, 945–950 (1968).Google Scholar
  25. Butler, R.A., Keidel, W.D., Spreng, M.: An investigation of the human cortical evoked potential under conditions of monaural and binaural stimulation. Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.) 68, 317–326 (1969).Google Scholar
  26. Canestrini, S.: Über das Sinnesleben des Neugeborenen. Monographien aus dem Gesamtgebiet der Neurologie und Psychiatrie, Heft 5, Berlin: Springer 1913.Google Scholar
  27. David, E., Finkenzeller, P., Kallert, S., Keidel, W.D.: Korrelationsanalyse von gemittelten und ungemittelten evozierten Potentialen. Kybernetik 9, 22–26 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Davis, H.: Slow cortical response evoked by acoustic stimuli. Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.) 59, 179–185 (1965).Google Scholar
  29. Davis, H.: Validation of evoked response audiometry (ERA) in deaf children. Int. Audiol. 5, 77–81 (1966).Google Scholar
  30. Davis, H.: Is ERA ready for routine clinical use? Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 198, 2–8 (1971).Google Scholar
  31. Davis, H., Hirsh, S.K., Shelnutt, J., Bowers, J. and Bowers, C.: Further validation of evoked response audiometry (ERA). J. Speech. Hear. Res. 10, 717–732 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Davis, H., Yoshie, N.: Human cortical response to auditory stimuli. Physiologist 6, 164 (1963).Google Scholar
  33. Davis, H., Zerlin, S.: Acoustic relations of the human vertex potentials. J. acoust. Soc. Amer. 39, 109–116 (1966).Google Scholar
  34. Dawson, G.D.: Cerebral responses to electrical stimulation of peripheral nerve in man. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat. 10, 134–140 (1974).Google Scholar
  35. Derbyshire, A. J., McDermott, M.: Further contrictions to the EEG methode of evaluation auditory function. Laryngoscope (St. Louis) 68, 558–570 (1958).Google Scholar
  36. Engel, R., Young, N.B.: Calibrated pure tone audiograms in normal neonates based on evoked electroencephalographic responses. Neuropädiatrie 1, 149–160 (1969).Google Scholar
  37. Eppstein, A., Schill, A.: Electrodermal responses and tolerance thresholds for pure tones. Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.) 66, 417–432 (1968).Google Scholar
  38. ERA: I. International Symposion 1970 in Freiburg i. Br. (West Germany). Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk-Heilk. 198, 1–361 (1971).Google Scholar
  39. ERA: II. International Symposion 1971 in Vienna (Austria) (Ed.): K. Burian. ERA-newsletter 18th issue, pp. 2–68, Vienna, December 1971.Google Scholar
  40. Finkenzeller, P.: Die Mitteilung von Reaktionspotentialen. Kybernetik 6, 22–44 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Fleischer, K.: Untersuchungen zur Entwicklung der Innenohrfunktion. Z. Laryng. Rhinol. Otol. 34, 733–739 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Fröding, C. A.: Acoustic investigation of newborn infants. Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.) 52, (1960) 31–40.Google Scholar
  43. Geisler, C.H., Frishkopf, L.S., Rosenblith, W.A.: Extracranial responses to acoustic clicks in man. Science 128, 1210 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Genzmer, A.: Untersuchungen über die Sinneswahrnehmungen des neugeborenen Menschen (zitiert bei Fröding) (1873).Google Scholar
  45. Holm, C.: Discussion of the paper of Stange on the I. International Symposion of the ERA-Club. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 198, 101-(1971).Google Scholar
  46. Holm, C., Stange, G.: Pathologische ERA-Kennlinien als Kriterien zur Wirkungsweise von Hörtrainern. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 202, 452–457 (1972).Google Scholar
  47. Holm, C., Stange, G.: L-Importance des lignes de stimulation-excitations évoqueés acoustiques pour la discrimination de la parole chez l’enfant. J. franz. Oto-rhino-laryng. 21, 665–670 (1972).Google Scholar
  48. Holm, C., Stange, G.: Überschwellige ERA-Befunde als therapeutische Basis zur Versorgung innenohrgeschädigter Kinder. H.N.O. (Berl.) 21, 163–168 (1973).Google Scholar
  49. Jakobi, H.: Erfahrungen mit der Kinderaudiometrie. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 169, 383 (1956).Google Scholar
  50. Joppich, G., Schulte, F.J.: Neurologie des Neugeborenen. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York Springer 1968.Google Scholar
  51. Kaenahl, Th., Benning, C.D.: Effect of sedation upon evoked response audiometry: amplitudes and latency vs sound pressure level. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 201, 181–188 (1972).Google Scholar
  52. Karnahl, Th., Speeng, M., Stange, G.: Calculation of ERA-potentials. Rev. Laryng. (Bordeaux) 95, 554–559 (1974).Google Scholar
  53. Kaenahl, Th., Stange, G.: Ergebnisse bei der Standardisierung der “Electric Response audiometry” (ERA). Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 202, 452–457 (1972).Google Scholar
  54. Keidel, W.D.: Anatomie und Elektrophysiologie der zentralen akustischen Bahnen. In: Berendes, Link, Zöllner (Eds.): Handbuch der HNO-Heilkunde, Bd. III/3, pp. 2013–2098, Stuttgart: Thieme Verlag 1966.Google Scholar
  55. Keidel, W.D.: What do we know about the human cortical evoked potential after all ? Arch, klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 198, 9–37 (1971).Google Scholar
  56. Keidel, W.D.: DC-potentials in the auditory evoked response in man. Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.) 71, 242–248 (1971).Google Scholar
  57. Keidel, W.D., Spreng, M.: Elektronisch gemittelte Rindenpotentiale des Menschen bei akustischer Reizung. Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.) 56, 318–328 (1963).Google Scholar
  58. Keidel, W.D., Spreng, M.: Neurophysiological evidence for the stevensshe power function in man. J. acoust. Soc. Amer. 38, 191–195 (1965).Google Scholar
  59. Keidel, W.D., Spreng, M.: Computed audio-encephalogram in man. A technic of objective audiometry. Int. Audiol. 4, 56–60 (1965).Google Scholar
  60. Keidel, W.D., Spreng, M.: Audiometry aspects and multisensory power functions of electronically averaged evoked cortical responses in man. Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.) 59, 201–208 (1965).Google Scholar
  61. Keidel, W.D., Spreng, M.: Recent status results and problems of objective audiometry. J. franc, oto-rhino-laryng. 19, 45–53 (1970).Google Scholar
  62. Kottmeier, G., Heimann, G.: Versuche der Objektivierung von Reizwahrnehmungen an schlafenden Kindern. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 186, 298–308 (1966).Google Scholar
  63. Kumpf, W.: Zur Methodik der Hörschwellenbestimmung. H.N.O. (Berl.) 19, 209–211 (1971).Google Scholar
  64. Kussmaul, A.: Untersuchungen über das Seelenleben des neugeborenen Menschen (zitiert bei Fröding) (1859).Google Scholar
  65. Lempert, J., Meltzer, P.E., Wever, E.G., Lawrence, M.: The cochleogram and its clinical application: a preliminary report. Arch, oto-laryng. 45, 61–67 (1947).Google Scholar
  66. Lempert, J., Meltzer, P.E., Wever, E.G., Lawrence, M.: The cochleogram and its clinical application: concluding observations. Arch, oto-laryng. 51, 307–311 (1950).Google Scholar
  67. Lev, A., Sohmer, H.: Sources of averaged neural responses recorded in animal and human subjects during cochlear audiometry (Electro-Cochleogram). Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.-u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 201, 79–90 (1972).Google Scholar
  68. Loewenich, V. von: Methodische Voraussetzungen zur diagnostischen Verwertung auditorisch evozierter Potentiale bei Kleinkindern und Säuglingen. Paediatr. Fortbildungsh. „Praxis“ 34, 39–48 (1972).Google Scholar
  69. Lowell, E.L., Williams, C.F., Ballinger, R.M., Alvig, D.P.: Measurement of auditor threshold with a special purpose analog computer. J. Speech. Hear. Res. 4, 105–112 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Lüscher, E., Kusen, E.: Die psychogalvanische Hautaudiometrie. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 172, 286–298 (1958).Google Scholar
  71. Marcus, R.E., Gibbs, E.L., Gibbs, E.A.: Electroencephalographyin the diagnosis of hearing loss in the very young child. Dis. nerv. Syst. 10, 170–173 (1949).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Mathis, A., Graf, K.: Die elektrische Reaktionsaudiometrie (ERA) beim Neugeborenen. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 201, 231–240 (1972).Google Scholar
  73. Mendel, M.J., Goldstein, R.: Effect of sleep on the early components of the averaged electroencephalographic response. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 198, 110–115 (1071).Google Scholar
  74. Mendel, M.J., Goldstein, R.: Early components of the averaged encephalographic response to constant level clicks during all night sleep. J. Speech. Hear. Res. 14, 829–840 (1917).Google Scholar
  75. Metz, O.: The acoustic impedance measured on normal pathologica ears. Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.) 63, 1–18 (1946).Google Scholar
  76. Morgon, A., Charachon, D., Genin, P.: Electroencephalographic audiometry for young children. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 198, 144–150 (1971).Google Scholar
  77. Mounier-Kuhn, P., Morgon, A., Charachon, D.: Travaux et enquêtes de l’Institut d’audio-phénologie de Lyon. La Surdité du Premier Age, Editor Camponovo, Besanson, 123–146 (1969).Google Scholar
  78. Müller, G., Stange, G.: The input-output function of the slow auditory evoked potential in contralateral, ipsilateral and vertex recordings. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 198, 116–126 (1971).Google Scholar
  79. Müller, G., Stange, G.: Ein frühes akustisch evoziertes Potential am Menschen. Mschr. Ohren-heilk. 105, 166 (1971).Google Scholar
  80. Onishi, S., Davis, H.: Effects of duration and rise time of tone bursts on evoked v potentials. J. acoust. Soc. Amer. 44, 582–591 (1968).Google Scholar
  81. Pearl, E.R., Galambos, R., Glorig, A.: The estimation of hearing threshold by electroencephalography. Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol. 5, 501–512 (1953).Google Scholar
  82. Peiper, A.: Sinnesempfindungen des Kindes vor seiner Geburt. Mschr. Kinderheilk. 29, 236–241 (1924).Google Scholar
  83. Portmann, M., Aran, J.M.: Electro-cochléographie sur le nourisson et le jeune enfant. Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.) 71, 253–261 (1971).Google Scholar
  84. Portmann, M., Aran, J.M., Coste, Ch.: Experimental verification in animals concerning some aspects of human electro-cochleographic pathology. Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.) 1973 75, 132–142 (1973).Google Scholar
  85. Rapin, J., Graziani, L.J.: Auditory evoked potentials in normal, brain damaged and deaf infants. Neurology (Minneap.) 17, 881–894 (1967).Google Scholar
  86. Relke, W., Frey, M.H.: Höruntersuchungen bei Neugeborenen mittels Reflexaudiometrie. Z. Laryng. 45, S. 707–720 (1966).Google Scholar
  87. Rosenblith, W.A., Rosenzweig, M.R.: Electrical responses to acoustic clicks: influence of electrode location in cats. J. acoust. Soc. Amer. 23, 583–588 (1951).Google Scholar
  88. Rosenau, H.: Die Schlafbeschallung. Z. Laryng. Rhinol. 41, 194–208 (1962).Google Scholar
  89. Ruben, R.J., Liebermann, T.A., Bordley, J.E.: Some observations on cochlear potentials and nerve action potentials in children. Laryngoscope (St. Louis) 72, 545–554 (1962).Google Scholar
  90. Ruben, R.J.: Cochlear potentials as a diagnostic test in deafness. In: Graham, A.B. (Ed.): Sensory neural hearing process and disorders, p. 313. Boston: Little Brown and Co. 1967.Google Scholar
  91. De Reynier, J.P.: Etude systématique de l’audition dans un Service de prématurés: A propos du dépistage des réactions auditives du nouveau-né, du prématuré et du bébé âgé de 2 à 6 mois. — Colloque Internationale Camponovo. In: La Surdité du Premier Age, pp. 195–210. Besanson 1969.Google Scholar
  92. Salomon, G., Beck, O., Elberling, C.: The role of sedation in ERA from the vertex. Audiology 12, 150–166 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Sharrard, G.A.W.: Evoked responses — introductory studies on their relationship to the perception of language. J. Laryng. 83, 947–958 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. Sharrard, G.A.W.: The auditory evoked potentials of language disordered children. Arch, klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 198, 158–166 (1971).Google Scholar
  95. Sohmer, H., Feinmesser, H.: Cochlear action potentials recorded from the external ear in man. Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryng. 76, 427–435 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Sohmer, H., Feinmesser, H.: Cochlear and cortical audiometry. Israel J. Med. Sci. 6, 219–223 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Sohmer, H., Feinmesser, H.: Routine use of electrocochleography (cochlear audiometry) on human subjects. Audiology 12, 167–173 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. Spreng, M.: Über die Messung der Frequenzgruppe und der Integrationszeit des menschlichen Gehörs durch vom Schall abhängige Hirnspannungen längs der Kopfhaut. Doctor Thesis, TH Stuttgart, 1967.Google Scholar
  99. Spreng, M.: Problems in objective cerebral audiometry using short sound stimulation. Int. Audiol. 8, 424–429 (1969).Google Scholar
  100. Spreng, M.: Small computers in evoked response audiometry (ERA). Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 198, 50–70 (1971).Google Scholar
  101. Spreng, M.: Artefact recognition and Diazepam in electric response audiometry. Audiology 12, 137–149 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. Spreng, M., Keidel, W.D.: Separierung von Cerebroaudiogramm (CAG), Neuroaudiogramm (NAG) und Otoaudiogramm (OAG) in der Objektiven Audiometrie. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 189, 225–246 (1967).Google Scholar
  103. Spreng, M., Keidel, W.D.: Recent status results and problems of objective audiometry in man. J. franc. Oto-rhino-laryng. 19, 55–60 (1970).Google Scholar
  104. Stange, G.: Behandlungsergebnisse bei Hörstürzen. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 194, 538–544 (1969).Google Scholar
  105. Stange, G.: The relation between functional parameters of the subjective and objective audiometry. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 198, 85–101 (1971).Google Scholar
  106. Stange, G.: Résultats cliniques d’une audiométrie objective chez le nouveau-né et le jeune enfant. In: Lafon, C. (Ed.): La surdité du premier âge, pp. 240–251. Besançon: Editions Camponovo 1971.Google Scholar
  107. Stange, G.: The effect of Sedativa agents in psychotropic drugs on acoustically evoked responses. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 201, 294–308 (1972).Google Scholar
  108. Stange, G.: Diagnostik überrchwelligen Hörvermögens bei innenohrgeschädigten Kindern mittels ERA. H.N.O. (Berl.) 21, 83–87 (1973).Google Scholar
  109. Stange, G., Holm, C.: Gemittelte zentrale akustische Reizantworten-eine Erweiterung pädan-diologischer Gesichtspunkte? H.N.O. (Berl.) 18, 27–28 (1970).Google Scholar
  110. Stange, G., Holz, E., Terayama, Y., Beck, Chl.: Korrelation biochemischer, morphologischer und elektrophysiologischer Untersuchungsergebnisse des akustischen Systems. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 186, 229–246 (1966).Google Scholar
  111. Stange, G., Karnahl, Th.: Clinical results of the ERA-characteristic curves by means of the computer PDP 12. Exerpta Medica, Int. Congr. Ser. 276, 287–288 (1973).Google Scholar
  112. Stange, G., Karnahl, Th.: Early (15 msec) and late (100 msec) acoustic responses in patients suffering from otosclerosis, before and after stapedectomy. III. International Congress of Rev. Laryng. (Bordeaux) 96, — (1975). 96, — (1975).Google Scholar
  113. Stange, G., Soda, T.: Quantitative Untersuchungen zur Hörschwelle, Adaptation und Lautheitsempfindung am gesunden und hörgeschädigten Menschen mittels „Objektiver Audiometrie”. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 190, 210–228 (1968).Google Scholar
  114. Stange, G., Spreng, M., Keidel, W.D.: Die Wirkung von Streptomycinsulfat auf Erregung und Adaptation des Cortischen Organs. Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol. 279, 99–120 (1964).Google Scholar
  115. Stevens, S.S.: The psychophysics of sensory function. In: Rosenblith, W.A. (Ed.): Sensory communication. New York: J. Wiley 1961.Google Scholar
  116. Stubbs: The effect of the factors of duration, intensity, and pitch of sound stimulation upon the responses of newborn infants. Univ. Iowa, Stud. Child. Welfare 9, 77–135 (1960).Google Scholar
  117. Suzuki, T., Taguchi, K.: Cerebral evoked responses to auditory stimuli in waking man. Ann. Otol. (St. Louis) 74, 128–139 (1965).Google Scholar
  118. Terkildsen, K.: Clinical application of impedance measurement with a fixed frequency technique. Int. Audiol. 3, 147–155 (1964).Google Scholar
  119. Terkildsen, K., Osterhammel, P., Huis In’tVeld, F.: Electrocochleography with a far field technique. Scand. Audiology 2, 141–148 (1973).Google Scholar
  120. Theissing, J.: Klinische Möglichkeiten und Ergebnisse der Objektiven Audiometrie mit Computertechnik. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.Heilk. 187, 612–620 (1966)Google Scholar
  121. Theissing, J.: Untersuchungen zur Bedeutung des Zeitfaktors in der Objektiven Audiometrie. Z. Laryng. Rhinol. Otol. 46, 648–651 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. Theissing, J.: Über Beziehungen von Computeraudiogrammen und konventionellen Audiogrammen. Z. Laryng. Rhinol. Otol. 46, 455–460 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Theissing, J.: Objektive Audiometrie in Narkose. Arch. klin. exp. Ohr.-, Nas.- u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 194, 455–460 (1969).Google Scholar
  124. Theissing, J.: Objektive Hörprüfung im Kindesalter. Aktuelle Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie 4, 1–39 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Theissing, J.: Praktische Möglichkeiten der Objektiven Computer-Audiometrie. H.N.O. (Berl.) 19, 123–127 (1971).Google Scholar
  126. Walker, J.C., Jacobson, J.L., Cody, D.T.R.: Comparison of cerebral and myogenic components of the averaged responses to sound stimulation. Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol. 17, 456 (1964).Google Scholar
  127. Wedenberg, E.: Objective auditory tests on non-cooperative children. Int. Audiol. (Leiden) 2, 108–114 (1963).Google Scholar
  128. Yoshie, N.: Clinical cochlear response audiometry by means of an average response computer: non-surgical technique and clinical use. Rev. Laryng. (Bordeaux) Suppl. 646–672 (1971)Google Scholar
  129. Yoshie, N., Ohashi, T.: Clinical use of cochlear nerve action potential responses in man for differential diagnosis of hearing losses. Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.) 252, 71–87 (1969).Google Scholar
  130. Yoshie, N., Ohashi, T., Suzuki, T.: Non-surgical recording of auditory nerve action potentials in man. Laryngoscope (St. Louis) 77, 76–85 (1967).Google Scholar
  131. Yoshie, N., Yamaura, K.: Cochlear microphonic responses to pure tones in man recorded by a non surgical method. Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.) 252, 37–69 (1969).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Zöllner
    • 1
  • G. Stange
    • 1
  1. 1.FreiburgGermany

Personalised recommendations