Alterations of Body Fluids and Electrolyte Metabolism

  • Julien L. Van Lancker


The body fluids do not constitute a homogeneous solution of electrolytes. Body fluids are classically categorized as intracellular and extracellular. The extracellular compartment is further divided into an intra- and extravascular compartment. The intravascular fluid constitutes the blood plasma, but even blood plasma does not form a homogeneous compartment. The composition of plasma varies with anatomical location and physiological conditions. The electrolyte compositions of plasma obtained from venous and arterial blood differ, and there are diurnal variations in the electrolyte concentrations of the plasma.


Bile Acid Bile Salt Osmotic Pressure Proximal Tubule Carotid Body 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julien L. Van Lancker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PathologyU.C.L.A. School of MedicineLos AngelesUSA

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