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Biorheological Properties and the Proteo Hyaluronate content of Synovial Fluid

  • H. Greiling
Conference paper

Abstract

Which correlation exists between the chemical composition of the synovial fluid and its biorheological properties? The synovial fluid may be understood as a dialysate of the blood serum, because the synovial fluid has the same composition with respect to electrolytes and other low molecular organic substances as the blood serum. The main difference between the synovial fluid and the blood serum exists in the composition of proteins and the hyaluronate. It is difficult to estimate hyaluronate in the blood serum because the concentration is very low. Hyaluronate is the active secretion product of the lining cells from the synovial membrane. Hyaluronate is synthesized by specific enzymes of the lining cells, from UDP-N-acetylglucosamine and UDP-glucuronic acid (fig. 1)
Fig. 1

Biosynthesis of glycosaminoglycans in the synovial-cartilage-system

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Greiling

There are no affiliations available

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