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Sekundäre Pflanzenstoffe

Biosynthese von cyanogenen Glykosiden und Senfölglucosiden
  • Horst-Robert Schütte
Part of the Fortschritte der Botanik book series (BOTANY, volume 35)

Zusammenfassung

Cyanogene Glykoside sind im Pflanzenreich weit verbreitet. Sie kommen in mehr als 750 Arten aus etwa 60 Familien vor (CONN; DILLEMAN; HEGNAUER). Sie zeichnen sich dadurch aus, daß nach Hydrolyse mit Glucosidasen die einzelnen Aglykone als Cyanhydrine in einem bestimmten Gleichgewicht mit den Spaltprodukten, den entsprechenden Aldehyden sowie Cyanwasserstoff, stehen. Wie ausgeführt wird, leiten sich die cyanogenen Glykoside von Aminosäuren ab. Im Verhältnis zur Zahl der bekannten Aminosäuren, auch wenn nur die proteinogenen berücksichtigt werden, gibt es aber nur verhältnismäßig wenig verschiedene cyanogene Glykoside. Die wichtigsten sind im Schema 1 zusammengefaßt.
Schema 1

Cyanogene Glykoside

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Horst-Robert Schütte
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Biochemie der PflanzenAkademie der Wissenschaften der DDRHalle (Saale)Deutschland

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