• Biörn Ivemark


Die Untersuchung der Plazenta läßt Krankheiten bei Mutter und Kind erkennen, was eine frühe Behandlung erlaubt. So können intrauterine Infektionen, die Zygotie bei Mehrlingen, latenter oder manifester Diabetes bei der Mutter, Mißbildungen, Isoimmunisierung und Tumoren festgestellt werden.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



  1. Bartels, H.: Prenatal respiration. Frontiers of Biology, vol. 17 (Hrsg. Neuberger, A. & Tatum, E.L.) Amsterdam: North-Holland 1970.Google Scholar
  2. Benirschke, K., Driscoll, S. G.: The Pathology of the Human Placenta. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1967.Google Scholar
  3. Bergsma, D. (Hrsg.): Symposium on the placenta. Its form and functions, with particular reference to the prevention of birth defects and fetal deaths. Birth Defect Series I: 1 (April), 1965.Google Scholar
  4. Brinck-Johnsen, T., Benirschke, K.: The Placenta. In Endocrine Pathology (Hrsg. Bloodworth, J. M. B.), S. 507–528. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins 1968.Google Scholar
  5. Driscoll, S. G.: Pathology of the developing fetus. Pediat. Clin. N. Amer. 12, No. 3, 493–514 (1965).Google Scholar
  6. Fox, H., Jacobson, H. N.: Innervation of the amnion. Amer. J. Obstet Gynec. 102, 847–852 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Shanklin, D. R.: The influence of placental lesions on the newborn infant. Pediat. Clin. N. Amer. 17, 25 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Torpin, R.: The Human Placenta, Its Shape, Form, Origin and Development. Thomas, Springfield, Ill. 1969.Google Scholar

Chimärismus und Mosaizismus

  1. Benirschke, K.: Spontaneous chimerism in mammals: A critical review. In Current Topics in Pathology, vol. 51 (Hrsg. Altmann, H.-W. et al.), S. 1–61 Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1970.Google Scholar
  2. Grubb, R.: Somatisk individualitet-immunolo-giska synpunkter In Immunologi. Teori och klinik (Hrsg. Hanson, L. A.), S. 213, Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell 1968.Google Scholar


  1. Fox, H.: Pathology of the placenta in diabetes mellitus. Obstet. Surg. 34, 792 (1969).Google Scholar


  1. Benirschke, K.: Spontaneous chimerism in mammals: A critical review. In Current Topics in Pathology, vol. 51 (Hrsg. Altmann, H.-W. et al.), S. 1–61. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1970.Google Scholar
  2. Biggers, J. D., McFeely, R. A.: Intersexuality in domestic animals. In Advances in Reproductive physiology (Hrsg. McLaren, Anne), vol. I: S. 29–59, New York: Academic Press 1966.Google Scholar
  3. Lillie, F. R.: The theory of the free-martin. Science 43, 611–613 (1916).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lillie, F. R.: The freemartin; a study of the action of sex hormones in the foetal life of cattle. J. exp. Zool. 23, 371–452 (1917).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Histochemie und Ultrastruktur

  1. Aladjem, S.: Fetal assessment through biopsy of the human placenta. Excerpta Medica International Congress Series No. 183, The Foeto-Placental Unit, Milano, Sept. 4–6, S. 392 (1968).Google Scholar
  2. Bergström, S.: Surface ultrastructure of human amnion and chorion in early pregnancy. Obstet. and Gynec. 38, 513 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Curzen, P.: A histochemical investigation of the concept of placental insufficiency. J. Obstet. Gynaec. Brit. Cwlth. 74, 385 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dallenbach-Hellweg, G., Nette, G.: Über Proteineinschlüsse in basalen Trophoblastzellen der reifen menschlichen Plazenta. Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 336, 528 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dempsey, E. W., Lessey, R. A., Luse, S. A.: Electron microscopic observations on fibrinoid and histiotroph in the junctional zone and villi of the human placenta. Amer. J. Anat. 128, 463 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Galton, M.: DNA content of placental nuclei. J. Cell Biol. 13, 183 (1962).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. McKay, D. G., Hertig, A. T., Adams, E. C., Richardson, M. V.: Histochemical observations on the human placenta. Obstet. Gynec. 12, 1 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Moe, N., Jørgensen, L.: Fibrin deposits on the syncytium of the normal human placenta: Evidence of their thrombogenic origin. Acta path. microbiol. scand. 72, 519 (1968).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Moe, N.: Studies on the Extracellular Deposits of the Normal Placenta. Oslo: Universitetsförlaget 1970.Google Scholar
  10. Strauss, F.: Die normale Anatomie der menschlichen Placenta. I: Die Pathologie der Placenta. Handbuch der speziellen pathologischen Anatomie und Histologie. Vol. VII, Abschnitt 5. Red. F. Strauss, K. Benirschke & S. G. Driscoll. Berlin-Heidel-berg-New York: Springer 1966.Google Scholar
  11. Wielenga, G., Willighagen, R. G. J.: Histochemical investigation of ischemic villi in the placenta. Amer. J. Obstet Gynec. 95, 959 (1966).Google Scholar


  1. Benirschke, K.: Examination of the placenta. Accurate recording of twin placentation. A plea to the obstetrician. Obstet. and Gynec. 18, 309–347 (1961).Google Scholar
  2. Fogel, B. J., Nitkowsky, H. M., Gruenwald, P.: Discordant abnormalities in monozygotic twins. J. Pediat. 66, 64–72 (1965).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Gemzell, C.: Induction of ovulation in the human by gonadotrophins. In Progress in Gynecology (Hrsg. Meigs & Sturgis), vol. 4, New York: Grune & Stratton 1963.Google Scholar
  4. Pauls, F.: Monoamniotic twin pregnancy: A review of the world literature and a report of two new cases. Canad. Med. Ass. J. 100, 254 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Strong, S. J., Corney, C.: The Placenta in Twin Pregnancy. Oxford: Pergamon 1967.Google Scholar


  1. Elliott, W. G.: Placental toxoplasmosis: Report of a case. Amer. J. clin. Path. 53, 413 (1970).Google Scholar
  2. Harwick, H.J., Iuppa, J.B., Fekety, F.R., Jr.: Microorganisms and amniotic fluid. Obstet. and Gynec. 33, 256–260 (1969).Google Scholar
  3. Kundsin, R. B., Driscoll, S. G., Ming, P. L.: Strain of mycoplasma associated with human reproductive failure. Science 157, 1573–1574 (1967).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kundsin, R. B., Driscoll, S. G.: Mycoplasmas and human reproductive failure. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 131, 89–92 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Olding, L.: Bacterial infection in cases of perinatal death. A morphological and bacteriological study based on 264 autopsies. Acta peadiat. scand. Suppl. 171, 1–104 (1966).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Biörn Ivemark und Almqvist & Wiksell Förlag AB, Stockholm 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Biörn Ivemark
    • 1
  1. 1.Institutet för pediatrisk patologiKarolinska sjukhusetStrockholm 60Schweden

Personalised recommendations